|TRUNCATE(2)||System Calls Manual||TRUNCATE(2)|
LIBRARY¶Standard C Library (libc, -lc)
char *path, off_t
truncate() system call causes the file named by path or referenced by fd to be truncated or extended to length bytes in size. If the file was larger than this size, the extra data is lost. If the file was smaller than this size, it will be extended as if by writing bytes with the value zero.
ftruncate() system call causes the
file or shared memory object backing the file descriptor
fd to be truncated or extended to
length bytes in size. The file descriptor must be a
valid file descriptor open for writing. The file position pointer associated
with the file descriptor fd will not be modified.
RETURN VALUES¶Upon successful completion, the value 0 is returned; otherwise the value -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error. If the file to be modified is not a directory or a regular file, the
truncate() call has no effect and returns the value 0.
truncate() system call succeeds unless:
- A component of the path prefix is not a directory.
- A component of a pathname exceeded 255 characters, or an entire path name exceeded 1023 characters.
- The named file does not exist.
- Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix.
- The named file is not writable by the user.
- Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating the pathname.
- The named file has its immutable or append-only flag set, see the chflags(2) manual page for more information.
- The named file is a directory.
- The named file resides on a read-only file system.
- The file is a pure procedure (shared text) file that is being executed.
- The length argument was greater than the maximum file size.
- The length argument was less than 0.
- An I/O error occurred updating the inode.
- Corrupted data was detected while reading from the file system.
- The path argument points outside the process's allocated address space.
ftruncate() system call succeeds
SEE ALSO¶chflags(2), open(2), shm_open(2)
ftruncate() system calls appeared in 4.2BSD.
BUGS¶These calls should be generalized to allow ranges of bytes in a file to be discarded.
truncate() to extend a file is not
|March 30, 2020||Linux 4.19.0-13-amd64|