Scroll to navigation



doveadm - Dovecot's administration utility


doveadm [-Dv] [-f formatter] command [command_options] [command_arguments]


doveadm is the Dovecot administration tool. It can be used to manage various parts of Dovecot, as well as access users' mailboxes.
Execute doveadm help, for a command usage listing.


Global doveadm(1) options:

Enables verbosity and debug messages.
Specifies the formatter for formatting the output. Supported formatters are:
prints each line with key=value pairs.
prints each keyvalue pair on its own line and separates records with form feed character (^L).
prints a table header followed by tab separated value lines.
prints a table header followed by adjusted value lines.
Overrides the configuration setting from /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf and from the userdb with the given value. In order to override multiple settings, the -o option may be specified multiple times.
Enables verbosity, including progress counter.


These commands work directly with Dovecot's master process.


doveadm reload

Force dovecot(1) to reload the configuration.


doveadm stop

Stop dovecot(1) and all its child processes.


doveadm-config(1), Dump Dovecot configuration.
doveadm-director(1), Manage Dovecot directors (if used by proxy servers).
doveadm-exec(1), Easily execute commands from Dovecot's libexec_dir.
doveadm-instance(1), Manage the list of running Dovecot instances.
doveadm-kick(1), Disconnect users by user name and/or IP address.
doveadm-log(1), Locate, test or reopen Dovecot's log files.
doveadm-penalty(1), Show current penalties.
doveadm-proxy(1), Handle Dovecot proxy connections.
doveadm-who(1); Show who is logged in to the Dovecot server.


doveadm-auth(1), Test authentication for a user.
doveadm-pw(1), Dovecot's password hash generator.
doveadm-user(1), Perform a user lookup in Dovecot's userdbs


doveadm-acl(1), Manage Access Control List (ACL).
doveadm-altmove(1), Move matching mails to the alternative storage.
doveadm-backup(1), Dovecot's one-way mailbox synchronization utility.
doveadm-batch(1), Execute multiple commands for multiple users.
doveadm-copy(1), Copy messages matching the given search query into another mailbox.
doveadm-deduplicate(1), Expunge duplicate messages.
doveadm-dump(1), Dump the content of Dovecot's binary mailbox index/log.
doveadm-expunge(1), Expunge messages matching given search query.
doveadm-fetch(1), Fetch messages matching given search query.
doveadm-flags(1), Add, remove or replace messages' flags.
doveadm-force-resync(1), Repair broken mailboxes, in case Dovecot doesn't automatically do that.
doveadm-fs(1), Interact with the abstract mail storage filesystem.
doveadm-fts(1), Manipulate the Full Text Search (FTS) index.
doveadm-import(1), Import messages matching given search query.
doveadm-index(1), Index messages in a given mailbox.
doveadm-mailbox(1), Various commands related to handling mailboxes.
doveadm-mailbox-cryptokey(1), Mail crypt plugin management.
doveadm-move(1) Move messages matching the given search query into another mailbox.
doveadm-purge(1) Remove messages with refcount=0 from mdbox files.
doveadm-quota(1), Initialize/recalculate or show current quota usage.
doveadm-rebuild(1), Rebuild index metadata from message data.
doveadm-replicator(1), Manage users' mail replication.
doveadm-save(1), Save email to users' mailboxes.
doveadm-search(1), Show a list of mailbox GUIDs and message UIDs matching given search query.
doveadm-stats(1), Inspect or reset stats.
doveadm-sync(1), Dovecot's two-way mailbox synchronization utility.


doveadm will exit with one of the following values:

Selected command was executed successful.
Command failed in some way.


This environment variable is used to determine the user if a command accepts a user but none was specified.


Dovecot's main configuration file.
Mailbox locations and namespaces.
Plugin specific settings.


Report bugs, including doveconf -n output, to the Dovecot Mailing List <>. Information about reporting bugs is available at:


doveadm-help(1), doveconf(1), dovecot(1), doveadm-search-query(7)

2014-10-07 Dovecot v2.3