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doveadm-user - Perform a user lookup in Dovecot's userdbs


doveadm [-Dv] user [-a userdb_socket_path] [-f field] [-u] [-x auth_info] user ...


The user command is used to perform a user lookup - to show what information Dovecot sees about the user(s), or if it exists at all in the configured userdb(s).

The auth_info may be useful when the userdb is for example a SQL database and you are using %variables, like %s or %l, in the user_query setting. Or when you have configured the userdb in a way like this:

userdb {

driver = passwd-file
args = /etc/%s.passwd }


Global doveadm(1) options:

Enables verbosity and debug messages.
Overrides the configuration setting from /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf and from the userdb with the given value. In order to override multiple settings, the -o option may be specified multiple times.
Enables verbosity, including progress counter.

Command specific options:

This option is used to specify an absolute path to an alternative UNIX domain socket.

By default doveadm(1) will use the socket /run/dovecot/auth-userdb. The socket may be located in another directory, when the default base_dir setting was overridden in /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf.

When this option and the name of a userdb field is given, doveadm(1) will show only the value of the specified field.
When this option is given, doveadm(1) will only show values from the userdb. Without -u parameter if any of the uid, gid, home or mail fields are missing, their defaults are taken from configuration file.
auth_info specifies additional conditions for the user command. The auth_info option string has to be given as name=value pair. For multiple conditions the -x option could be supplied multiple times.
Possible names for the auth_info are:
The service for which the userdb lookup should be tested. The value may be the name of a service, commonly used with Dovecot. For example: imap, pop3 or smtp.
The local IP address (server) for the test.
The remote IP address (client) for the test.
The local port, e.g. 143
The remote port, e.g. 24567


Is a user's login name. Depending on the configuration, a login name may be for example jane or It's also possible to use '*' and '?' wildcards (e.g. -u *


Perform a user lookup for the users jane and

doveadm user jane
userdb: jane

uid : 8001
gid : 8001
home : /home/jane
mail : sdbox:~/sdbox
plugins : sieve
quota_rule: *:storage=150M userdb:
home : /srv/mail/8/70312/79832
uid : 79832
gid : 70312
mail : mdbox:~/mdbox

The next example shows a user lookup, using wildcards.

doveadm user *.?


Report bugs, including doveconf -n output, to the Dovecot Mailing List <>. Information about reporting bugs is available at:



2013-11-23 Dovecot v2.3