The remainder of the switches which are all optional fall into
several categories, the first being those that select the files and
timeframes to plot and are as follow:
Look in this directory for plot files rather than the one
pointed to by PlotDir in colplot.conf. A plot file is one with a known
extension and a properly formatted name. Any files that fail either of these
tests will be ignored.
-contains string1 [string2...]
This field consists of one or more strings separated by
commas or whitespace (if whitespace the entire string must be quoted). Each
selected plot file has its name compared to each string. Unless -any is
specified, each string must appear somewhere in that file name for it to
continue to be selected.
As a special case, if there is a string containing a [, it is
assumed to be in pdsh format, a compact format for specifying multiple
hostnames, eg xyz[1-5,10] specifies 6 hosts whose names all begin with xyz
and are followed by one of 6 values. In this case, only files with hostnames
exactly matching these names will be selected.
If specified all strings specified by -contains must
match for a file to be seleceted for plotting.
The starting and ending date between which files are
selected for plotting. The dates must be in yyyymmdd format.
Once all the files matching the selection criteria are
discovered, use the more recent file access time to determine the ending time
for plotting data. Note, if you've copied the file from elsewhere and didn't
preserve the last access time in the newly created files this will produce
The starting and ending time between which data is
plotted. The times must be in hh:mm OR hh:mm:ss format. The hour portion may
be 1 or 2 digits.
The next set of switches control which plots are actually
-filters string1 [string2...]
These only apply to detail plots. They select which
devices to produce plots for. Invalid or unknown devics are ignored. In other
words, if one selects "-filters eth xyz d1" and requests network
plots, only ethernet devices will be displayed. Since 'xyz' is an invalid
selection string it is ignored. Since there are no network devices with 'd1'
in their names, it too will be ignored. If one choses network and disk plots,
ethernet devices as well as any disk names with a 'd1' in them will be
By default, plots are geneated using solid lines.
However, one can request a different format be used including points or
stacked line or stacked points.
If one generates multiple unique plot files per day via
the -ou switch in collectl, those files will be ignored by colplot. This
switch, currently only available via the CLI will cause those files to be
selected and displayed in the same plot.
The next set of switches deal with plot formatting, typically only
used under unusual circumstances since the default formats meet most
Colplot uses a default height for the vertical axis which
can be overridden via -height. However sometimes a plot is not high enough for
all the labels to fit in the legend. This switch will keep the user specified
height for all plots in which the legend fits as a single column but increase
the heights of those that aren't high enough.
This switch must be used in conjunction with selecting a
destination other than the terminal, specifically email or directory. One can
use it to change the default from a PDF file to either a PNG file for each
plot or TTY to send PNG output for one plot to STDOUT.
This controls the vertical hight of a plot. This width
also includes the xaxis and you can therefore increase the room taken by a
single plot by choosing -noxaxis.
This removes the legend from the plotting area, causing
the plot to become physically wider.
This removed the xaxis from the plotting area, causing
the plot to become physically taller.
For some people the thickness of the lines in a plot may
be too thin to clearly see the different color variations of the lines.
Versions of gnuplot >= 4.2 support wider lines and therefore so does
colplot. If using scatter plots, a different plotting symbol is actually used.
Values of 2 or 3 are usually sufficient.
This switch controls the width of a plot where 1 is the
size of a printable page. If set to more than 1 and either -file or -mail is
chosen it will be forced to 1. By setting this number to less than 1, it may
be possible to fit more than one plot on a page or screen. As this width also
includes the legend, you can further reduce the plot size by choosing
This causes a tic mark to be drawn on the xaxis every n
seconds. It usually doesn't make sense unless you've chosen a fairly narrow
timeframe in which to generate a plot.
Make the y-axis logrithmic.
This set of switches deal with the plot destination when it is NOT
the terminal window:
Linux only. Address to send plot file(s) to. The only
syntax check is for an '@' to appear somewhere in the address string.
The name of directory into which the plot file(s) will be
placed. The directory must exist.
Print the hrefs that would be used if run from a
Really only intended for users familiar with gnuplot,
this is the control file used to generate the plots. It allows someone to
manually edit the file to change the plot appearance and/or labels by
rerunning gnuplot using its settings.
Instead of generating a page break in a pdf file whenever
a page fills, this flag will cause a page break whenever the hostname
Use this subject in email rather than the default.
And finally for completeness there are several types of help:
This is really a debugging aid, intended for developers
and/or people building custom plot definitions. When specified, the plotting
parameters for each selected plot will be shown. Of particular value is the
actual column number for each data element in each selected file.
List the names of all the standard plots available for
use with the -plots switch.
Show both the versions of both colplot as well as