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AMLABEL(8) System Administration Commands AMLABEL(8)


amlabel - label an Amanda tape


amlabel [--barcode barcode] [--meta meta-label] [--pool pool] [--storage storage] [--assign] [-f] [--version] [-o configoption...] config [label] [slot slot]


This command applies a label to an Amanda volume, erasing the volume in the process.

Amanda uses labels to identify volumes: amdump(8) and amflush(8) verify the label before writing to make sure the proper volume is loaded, and the recovery programs use the label to ensure they are reading the data they expect.

If no [slot] and no [barcode] is given, then amlabel labels the tape in the current slot of the default changer. If a slot is given, it labels the volume in that slot. If a barcode is given, it labels the volume with that barcode. Label may be any string that does not contain whitespace and that matches the labelstr (see amanda.conf(5)).

If [label] is not given, an autolabel is generated, see autolabel in amanda.conf(5).

If [--assign] is given, the label is interpretad as an expression and the barcode, meta-label, pool, storage and config are assigned to all labels matching the expression, the volumes are not labelled. The labels must already be in the tapelist file.

This command also appends the new volume to the tapelist(5) file, so that they will be used in the order they are labeled (depending on the taperscan in use — see amanda-taperscan(7)).

As a precaution, amlabel will not write a label if the volume already contains an active label or if the label specified is on an active tape. The [-f] (force) flag bypasses these verifications.


--barcode barcode

With [--assign], assign the barcode to the label. Without [--assign], label the volume with that barcode.

--meta meta-label

Assign the meta label to the label after labeling the volume.

--pool pool

Assign the pool to the label after labeling the volume.

--storage storage

Assign the storage to the label, it can only be used with --assign, you can't assign a storage to a new labelled volume.


Assign the barcode or meta-label to the label without labeling the volume. The label must already be in the tapelist file.


Force the label operation; see above


Output version information

-o configoption

See the "CONFIGURATION OVERRIDE" section in amanda(8).


Write an Amanda label with the string "DMP000" on the current volume:

% amlabel daily DMP000 

Label the tape in slot 3 of the changer with the label "DMP003":

% amlabel daily DMP003 slot 3 


Label 'label' doesn't match labelstr 'labelstr'

The given label does not match the configured labelstr. Even with -f, this is an error.

Label 'label' already on a volume

The given label is already on another volume in the tapelist, and Amanda will not write it to this volume unless forced.

Found label 'label', but it is not from configuration config.

The label amlabel found on the volume does not match this configuration's labelstr, so it is probably part of a different Amanda configuration. Amanda will not overwrite the label unless it is forced.

Volume with label 'label' contains data from this configuration.

The label amlabel found on the volume still has valid data on it and Amanda will not overwrite it unless forced. Note that this does not distinguish between active and inactive volumes.


amanda(8), amanda.conf(5), tapelist(5), amanda-taperscan(7), amdump(8), amflush(8)

The Amanda Wiki: :


James da Silva <>

Stefan G. Weichinger <>

Dustin J. Mitchell <>

Zmanda, Inc. (
12/01/2017 Amanda 3.5.1