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XML::Mini(3pm) User Contributed Perl Documentation XML::Mini(3pm)


XML::Mini - Perl implementation of the XML::Mini XML create/parse interface.


        use XML::Mini::Document;
        use Data::Dumper;
        ###### PARSING XML #######
        # create a new object
        my $xmlDoc = XML::Mini::Document->new();
        # init the doc from an XML string
        # You may use the toHash() method to automatically
        # convert the XML into a hash reference
        my $xmlHash = $xmlDoc->toHash();
        print Dumper($xmlHash);
        # You can also manipulate the elements like directly, like this:        
        # Fetch the ROOT element for the document
        # (an instance of XML::Mini::Element)
        my $xmlRoot = $xmlDoc->getRoot();
        # play with the element and its children
        # ...
        my $topLevelChildren = $xmlRoot->getAllChildren();
        foreach my $childElement (@{$topLevelChildren})
                # ...
        ###### CREATING XML #######
        # Create a new document from scratch
        my $newDoc = XML::Mini::Document->new();
        # This can be done easily by using a hash:
        my $h = {       
         'spy'  => {
                'id'    => '007',
                'type'  => 'SuperSpy',
                'name'  => 'James Bond',
                'email' => '',
                'address'       => 'Wherever he is needed most',

        # Or new XML can also be created by manipulating 
        #elements directly:
        my $newDocRoot = $newDoc->getRoot();
        # create the <? xml ?> header
        my $xmlHeader = $newDocRoot->header('xml');
        # add the version 
        $xmlHeader->attribute('version', '1.0');
        my $person = $newDocRoot->createChild('person');
        my $name = $person->createChild('name');
        my $eyes = $person->createChild('eyes');
        $eyes->attribute('color', 'blue');
        $eyes->attribute('number', 2);
        # output the document
        print $newDoc->toString();

This example would output :

 <?xml version="1.0"?>
  <eyes color="blue" number="2" />


XML::Mini is a set of Perl classes that allow you to access XML data and create valid XML output with a tree-based hierarchy of elements. The MiniXML API has both Perl and PHP implementations.

It provides an easy, object-oriented interface for manipulating XML documents and their elements. It is currently being used to send requests and understand responses from remote servers in Perl or PHP applications. An XML::Mini based parser is now being tested within the RPC::XML framework.

XML::Mini does not require any external libraries or modules and is pure Perl. If available, XML::Mini will use the Text::Balanced module in order to escape limitations of the regex-only approach (eg "cross-nested" tag parsing).

The module includes a number of variables you may use to tweak XML::Mini's behavior. These include:

$XML::Mini::AutoEscapeEntities - when greater than 0, the values set for nodes are automatically escaped, thus $element->text('4 is > 3') will set the contents of the appended node to '4 is &gt; 3'. Default setting is 1.

$XML::Mini::IgnoreWhitespaces - when greater than 0, extraneous whitespaces will be ignored (maily useful when parsing). Thus <mytag> Hello There </mytag> will be parsed as containing a text node with contents 'Hello There' instead of ' Hello There '. Default setting is 1.

$XML::Mini::CaseSensitive - when greater than 0, element names are treated as case sensitive. Thus, $element->getElement('subelement') and $element->getElement('SubElement') will be equivalent. Defaults to 0.

Class methods

escapeEntites TOENCODE

This method returns ToENCODE with HTML sensitive values (eg '<', '>', '"', etc) HTML encoded.


Logs the message to STDERR


Logs MESSAGE and exits the program, calling exit()


XML::Mini uses deep recursion on big XML docs, this is normal. But the warnings are a pain. $XML::Mini::IgnoreDeepRecursionWarnings is set to TRUE by default, and ignoreDeepRecursionWarning() is called by XML::Mini::Document if it is set. To bypass this behavior,

        use XML::Mini;
        $XML::Mini::IgnoreDeepRecursionWarnings = 0;
        use XML::Mini::Document;
        # ...


Copyright (C) 2002-2008 Patrick Deegan, Psychogenic Inc.

Programs that use this code are bound to the terms and conditions of the GNU GPL (see the LICENSE file). If you wish to include these modules in non-GPL code, you need prior written authorisation from the authors.

This library is released under the terms of the GNU GPL version 3, making it available only for free programs ("free" here being used in the sense of the GPL, see for more details). Anyone wishing to use this library within a proprietary or otherwise non-GPLed program MUST contact to acquire a distinct license for their application. This approach encourages the use of free software while allowing for proprietary solutions that support further development.


    XML::Mini::Element module, part of the XML::Mini XML parser/generator package.
    Copyright (C) 2002-2008 Patrick Deegan
    All rights reserved
    XML::Mini is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
    it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
    the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
    (at your option) any later version.

    XML::Mini is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
    GNU General Public License for more details.

    You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
    along with XML::Mini.  If not, see <>.


XML::Mini::Document, XML::Mini::Element

2008-02-05 perl v5.18.2