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Moose::Cookbook::Roles::Restartable_AdvancedComposition(3pm) User Contributed Perl Documentation Moose::Cookbook::Roles::Restartable_AdvancedComposition(3pm)

NAME

Moose::Cookbook::Roles::Restartable_AdvancedComposition - Advanced Role Composition - method exclusion and aliasing

VERSION

version 2.2013

SYNOPSIS

  package Restartable;
  use Moose::Role;

  has 'is_paused' => (
      is      => 'rw',
      isa     => 'Bool',
      default => 0,
  );

  requires 'save_state', 'load_state';

  sub stop { 1 }

  sub start { 1 }

  package Restartable::ButUnreliable;
  use Moose::Role;

  with 'Restartable' => {
      -alias => {
          stop  => '_stop',
          start => '_start'
      },
      -excludes => [ 'stop', 'start' ],
  };

  sub stop {
      my $self = shift;

      $self->explode() if rand(1) > .5;

      $self->_stop();
  }

  sub start {
      my $self = shift;

      $self->explode() if rand(1) > .5;

      $self->_start();
  }

  package Restartable::ButBroken;
  use Moose::Role;

  with 'Restartable' => { -excludes => [ 'stop', 'start' ] };

  sub stop {
      my $self = shift;

      $self->explode();
  }

  sub start {
      my $self = shift;

      $self->explode();
  }

DESCRIPTION

In this example, we demonstrate how to exercise fine-grained control over what methods we consume from a role. We have a "Restartable" role which provides an "is_paused" attribute, and two methods, "stop" and "start".

Then we have two more roles which implement the same interface, each putting their own spin on the "stop" and "start" methods.

In the "Restartable::ButUnreliable" role, we want to provide a new implementation of "stop" and "start", but still have access to the original implementation. To do this, we alias the methods from "Restartable" to private methods, and provide wrappers around the originals (1).

Note that aliasing simply adds a name, so we also need to exclude the methods with their original names.

  with 'Restartable' => {
      -alias => {
          stop  => '_stop',
          start => '_start'
      },
      -excludes => [ 'stop', 'start' ],
  };

In the "Restartable::ButBroken" role, we want to provide an entirely new behavior for "stop" and "start". We exclude them entirely when composing the "Restartable" role into "Restartable::ButBroken".

It's worth noting that the "-excludes" parameter also accepts a single string as an argument if you just want to exclude one method.

  with 'Restartable' => { -excludes => [ 'stop', 'start' ] };

CONCLUSION

Exclusion and renaming are a power tool that can be handy, especially when building roles out of other roles. In this example, all of our roles implement the "Restartable" role. Each role provides same API, but each has a different implementation under the hood.

You can also use the method aliasing and excluding features when composing a role into a class.

FOOTNOTES

(1)
The mention of wrapper should tell you that we could do the same thing using method modifiers, but for the sake of this example, we don't.

AUTHORS

  • Stevan Little <stevan.little@iinteractive.com>
  • Dave Rolsky <autarch@urth.org>
  • Jesse Luehrs <doy@tozt.net>
  • Shawn M Moore <code@sartak.org>
  • יובל קוג'מן (Yuval Kogman) <nothingmuch@woobling.org>
  • Karen Etheridge <ether@cpan.org>
  • Florian Ragwitz <rafl@debian.org>
  • Hans Dieter Pearcey <hdp@weftsoar.net>
  • Chris Prather <chris@prather.org>
  • Matt S Trout <mst@shadowcat.co.uk>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2006 by Infinity Interactive, Inc.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

2020-07-23 perl v5.30.3