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gd_include(3) GETDATA gd_include(3)


gd_include, gd_include_affix, gd_include_ns — add a format specification fragment to a Dirfile


#include <getdata.h>

int gd_include(DIRFILE *dirfile, const char *include_file, int parent_fragment, unsigned long flags);

int gd_include_affix(DIRFILE *dirfile, const char *include_file, int parent_fragment, const char *prefix, const char *suffix, unsigned long flags);

int gd_include_ns(DIRFILE *dirfile, const char *include_file, int parent_fragment, const char *namespace, unsigned long flags);


The gd_include_affix() function adds the format specification fragment given by the path include_file to the specified dirfile, possibly creating the fragment, using the affixes specified. This occurs as if, in the existing fragment indexed by parent_fragment, the following directive were present:

/INCLUDE <include_file> <prefix> <suffix>

(see dirfile-format(5)). The prefix may include a namespace, separated from the rest of the prefix, which may be the empty string, by a dot (.). If a parser callback function had been specified when the dirfile was opened using gd_cbopen(3), or added later with gd_parser_callback(3), this callback function will be called if a syntax error is encountered while parsing the included fragment.

Passing NULL as prefix or suffix is the same as using the empty string (ie. the corresponding affix is empty).

The function gd_include() is equivalent to calling gd_include_affix() with both prefix and suffix equal to NULL.

The function gd_include_ns() is equivalent to calling gd_include_affix() with suffix equal to NULL and prefix equal to namespace concatenated with a trailing dot.

The flags argument should be a bitwise-or'd collection of zero or more of the following flags:


Specifies that double precision floating point raw data on disk are, or are not, stored in the middle-endian format used by older ARM processors.

These flag only set the default endianness, and will be overridden when an /ENDIAN directive specifies the byte sex of RAW fields, unless GD_FORCE_ENDIAN is also specified.

On every platform, one of these flags (GD_NOT_ARM_ENDIAN on all but middle-ended ARM systems) indicates the native behaviour of the platform. That symbol will equal zero, and may be omitted.


Specifies the default byte sex of raw data stored on disk to be either big-endian (most significant byte first) or little-endian (least significant byte first). Omitting both flags indicates the default should be the native endianness of the platform.

Unlike the ARM endianness flags above, neither of these symbols is ever zero. Specifying both these flags together will cause the library to assume that the endianness of the data is opposite to that of the native architecture, whatever that might be.

These flag only set the default endianness, and will be overridden when an /ENDIAN directive specifies the byte sex of RAW fields, unless GD_FORCE_ENDIAN is also specified.

An empty fragment will be created, if one does not already exist. The fragment will have mode S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR | S_IRGRP | S_IWGRP | S_IROTH | S_IWOTH (0666), modified by the caller's umask value (see umask(2)).
Ensure that this call creates a new fragment: when specified along with GD_CREAT, the call will fail if the file specified by include_file already exists. If GD_CREAT is not specified, this flag is ignord. This flag suffers from all the limitations of the O_EXCL flag as indicated in open(2).
Specifies that /ENCODING directives (see dirfile-format(5)) found in the fragment should be ignored. The encoding scheme specified in flags will be used instead (see below).
Specifies that /ENDIAN directives (see dirfile-format(5)) found in the fragment should be ignored. When specified with one of GD_BIG_ENDIAN or GD_LITTLE_ENDIAN, the indicated endianness will be assumed. If this flag is specified with neither of those flags, the fragment will be assumed to have the endianness of the native architecture.
If the fragment specifies more than one field with the same name, or a field with the same name as an existing field, all but one of them will be ignored by the parser. Without this flag, parsing would fail with the GD_E_FORMAT error, possibly resulting in invocation of the registered callback function. Which of the duplicate fields is kept is not specified, nor whether an existing field takes precedence over a new one or not. As a result, this flag is typically only useful in the case where identical copies of a field specification line are present.

No indication is provided to indicate whether a duplicate field has been discarded. If finer grained control is required, the caller should handle GD_E_FORMAT_DUPLICATE suberrors itself with an appropriate callback function.

If the dirfile currently has a reference field (either because one was specified explicitly, or else because the first RAW field was used), /REFERENCE directives in the included fragment will be ignored. Otherwise, a /REFERENCE directive in the included fragment will replace the current reference field in the dirfile.
Specifies that unrecognised lines found during the parsing of the fragment should always cause a fatal error. Without this flag, if a VERSION directive (see dirfile-format(5)) indicates that the fragment being opened conforms Standards Version newer than the version understood by the library, unrecognised lines will be silently ignored.
If include_file already exists, it will be truncated before opening. If the file does not exist, this flag is ignored.

The flags argument may also be bitwise or'd with one of the following symbols indicating the default encoding scheme of the fragment. Like the endianness flags, the choice of encoding here is ignored if the encoding is specified in the fragment itself, unless GD_FORCE_ENCODED is also specified. If none of these symbols is present, GD_AUTO_ENCODED is assumed, unless this call results in creation or truncation of the fragment. In that case, GD_UNENCODED is assumed. See dirfile-encoding(5) for details on dirfile encoding schemes.

Specifies that the encoding type is not known in advance, but should be detected by the GetData library. Detection is accomplished by searching for raw data files with extensions appropriate to the encoding scheme. This method will notably fail if the the library is called via gd_putdata(3) to create a previously non-existent raw field unless a read is first successfully performed on the dirfile. Once the library has determined the encoding scheme for the first time, it remembers it for subsequent calls.
Specifies that raw data files are compressed using the Burrows-Wheeler block sorting text compression algorithm and Huffman coding, as implemented in the bzip2 format.
Specifies that raw data files are compressed using the Free Lossless Audio Coded (FLAC).
Specifies that raw data files are compressed using Lempel-Ziv coding (LZ77) as implemented in the gzip format.
Specifies that raw data files are compressed using the Lempel-Ziv Markov Chain Algorithm (LZMA) as implemented in the xz container format.
Specified that raw data files are sample-index encoded, similar to run-length encoding, suitable for data that change rarely.
Specifies that raw data files are compressed using the slimlib library.
Specifies that raw data files are encoded as text files containing one data sample per line.
Specifies that raw data files are not encoded, but written verbatim to disk.
Specifies that raw data files are compressed using the DEFLATE algorithm. All raw data files for a given fragment are collected together and stored in a PKZIP archive called
Specifies that raw data files are compressed using a combinations of compression schemes: first files are slim-compressed, as with the GD_SLIM_ENCODED scheme, and then they are collected together and compressed (again) into a PKZIP archive called, as in the GD_ZZIP_ENCODED scheme.


On success, these functions return the format specification index of the newly added fragment. On error, they return a negative-valued error code. Possible error codes are:

The supplied dirfile was opened in read-only mode.
The library was unable to allocate memory.
The supplied dirfile was invalid.
The supplied parent fragment index was out of range.
The reference field specified by a /REFERENCE directive in the fragment (see dirfile-format(5)) was not found, or was not a RAW field. In this case, the included fragment will still be added to the dirfile, but the /REFERENCE directive will be ignored.
The registered callback function returned an unrecognised response.
A syntax error occurred in the fragment.
The parser encountered a line in the format specification longer than it was able to deal with. Lines are limited by the storage size of ssize_t. On 32-bit systems, this limits format specification lines to 2**31 characters. The limit is larger on 64-bit systems.
An I/O error occured while trying to read or create the fragment.
The metadata of the parent fragment was protected from change.

The error code is also stored in the DIRFILE object and may be retrieved after this function returns by calling gd_error(3). A descriptive error string for the error may be obtained by calling gd_error_string(3).


The dirfile_include() function appeared in GetData-0.4.0.

In GetData-0.7.0, this function was renamed to gd_include().

The gd_include_affix() function appeared in GetData-0.8.0.

In GetData-0.10.0, the error return from these functions changed from -1 to a negative-valued error code. The gd_include_ns() function also appeared in this release.

See gd_open(3) for history of the flags.


gd_alter_affixes(3), gd_error(3), gd_error_string(3), gd_fragmentname(3), gd_nfragments(3), gd_open(3), gd_parser_callback(3), gd_reference(3), gd_uninclude(3), dirfile(5), dirfile-encoding(5), dirfile-format(5)

25 December 2016 Version 0.10.0