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DBIx::Class::DeploymentHandler::HandlesVersioning(3pm) User Contributed Perl Documentation DBIx::Class::DeploymentHandler::HandlesVersioning(3pm)


DBIx::Class::DeploymentHandler::HandlesVersioning - Interface for version methods


Typically a VersionHandler will take a "to_version" and yield an iterator of version sets.

Typically a call to a VersionHandler's "next_version_set" with a "db_version" of 1 and a "to_version" of 5 will iterate over something like the following:

 [1, 2]
 [2, 3]
 [3, 4]
 [4, 5]

or maybe just

 [1, 5]

Really how the version sets are arranged is up to the VersionHandler being used.

In some cases users will not want versions to have inherent "previous versions," which is why the version set is an "ArrayRef". In those cases the user should opt to returning merely the version that the database is being upgraded to in each step.

One idea that has been suggested to me has been to have a form of dependency management of the database "versions." In this case the versions are actually more like features that may or may not be applied. For example, one might start with version 1 and have a feature (version) "users".

Each feature might require that the database be upgraded to another version first. If one were to implement a system like this, here is how the VersionHandler's "next_version_set" might look.

 to_version = "users", db_version = 1

So what just happened there is that "users" depends on version 5, which depends on version 3, which depends on version 1, which is already installed. To be clear, the reason we use single versions instead of version pairs is because there is no inherent order for this type of database upgraded.


For the typical case downgrades should be easy for users to perform and understand. That means that with the first two examples given above we can use the "previous_version_set" iterator to yield the following:

 db_version = 5, to_version=1
 [5, 4]
 [4, 3]
 [3, 2]
 [2, 1]

or maybe just

 [5, 1]

Note that we do not swap the version number order. This allows us to remain consistent in our version set abstraction, since a version set really just describes a version change, and not necessarily a defined progression.


A version set could be defined as:

 subtype 'Version', as 'Str';
 subtype 'VersionSet', as 'ArrayRef[Str]';

A version set should uniquely identify a migration.


  • DBIx::Class::DeploymentHandler::VersionHandler::Monotonic
  • DBIx::Class::DeploymentHandler::VersionHandler::DatabaseToSchemaVersions
  • DBIx::Class::DeploymentHandler::VersionHandler::ExplicitVersions



 print 'versions to install: ';
 while (my $vs = $dh->next_version_set) {
   print join q(, ), @{$vs}
 print qq(\n);

Return a version set describing each version that needs to be installed to upgrade to "$dh->to_version".


 print 'versions to uninstall: ';
 while (my $vs = $dh->previous_version_set) {
   print join q(, ), @{$vs}
 print qq(\n);

Return a version set describing each version that needs to be "installed" to downgrade to "$dh->to_version".


Arthur Axel "fREW" Schmidt <>


This software is copyright (c) 2019 by Arthur Axel "fREW" Schmidt.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

2019-11-03 perl v5.30.0