libcurl-errors - error codes in libcurl
This man page includes most, if not all, available error codes in libcurl. Why
they occur and possibly what you can do to fix the problem are also included.
Almost all "easy" interface functions return a CURLcode error code. No
matter what, using the curl_easy_setopt(3) option
CURLOPT_ERRORBUFFER(3) is a good idea as it will give you a human
readable error string that may offer more details about the cause of the error
than just the error code. curl_easy_strerror(3) can be called to get an
error string from a given CURLcode number.
CURLcode is one of the following:
- CURLE_OK (0)
- All fine. Proceed as usual.
- CURLE_UNSUPPORTED_PROTOCOL (1)
- The URL you passed to libcurl used a protocol that this libcurl does not
support. The support might be a compile-time option that you didn't use,
it can be a misspelled protocol string or just a protocol libcurl has no
- CURLE_FAILED_INIT (2)
- Very early initialization code failed. This is likely to be an internal
error or problem, or a resource problem where something fundamental
couldn't get done at init time.
- CURLE_URL_MALFORMAT (3)
- The URL was not properly formatted.
- CURLE_NOT_BUILT_IN (4)
- A requested feature, protocol or option was not found built-in in this
libcurl due to a build-time decision. This means that a feature or option
was not enabled or explicitly disabled when libcurl was built and in order
to get it to function you have to get a rebuilt libcurl.
- CURLE_COULDNT_RESOLVE_PROXY (5)
- Couldn't resolve proxy. The given proxy host could not be resolved.
- CURLE_COULDNT_RESOLVE_HOST (6)
- Couldn't resolve host. The given remote host was not resolved.
- CURLE_COULDNT_CONNECT (7)
- Failed to connect() to host or proxy.
- CURLE_WEIRD_SERVER_REPLY (8)
- The server sent data libcurl couldn't parse. This error code was known as
as CURLE_FTP_WEIRD_SERVER_REPLY before 7.51.0.
- CURLE_REMOTE_ACCESS_DENIED (9)
- We were denied access to the resource given in the URL. For FTP, this
occurs while trying to change to the remote directory.
- CURLE_FTP_ACCEPT_FAILED (10)
- While waiting for the server to connect back when an active FTP session is
used, an error code was sent over the control connection or similar.
- CURLE_FTP_WEIRD_PASS_REPLY (11)
- After having sent the FTP password to the server, libcurl expects a proper
reply. This error code indicates that an unexpected code was
- CURLE_FTP_ACCEPT_TIMEOUT (12)
- During an active FTP session while waiting for the server to connect, the
CURLOPT_ACCEPTTIMEOUT_MS(3) (or the internal default) timeout
- CURLE_FTP_WEIRD_PASV_REPLY (13)
- libcurl failed to get a sensible result back from the server as a response
to either a PASV or a EPSV command. The server is flawed.
- CURLE_FTP_WEIRD_227_FORMAT (14)
- FTP servers return a 227-line as a response to a PASV command. If libcurl
fails to parse that line, this return code is passed back.
- CURLE_FTP_CANT_GET_HOST (15)
- An internal failure to lookup the host used for the new connection.
- CURLE_HTTP2 (16)
- A problem was detected in the HTTP2 framing layer. This is somewhat
generic and can be one out of several problems, see the error buffer for
- CURLE_FTP_COULDNT_SET_TYPE (17)
- Received an error when trying to set the transfer mode to binary or
- CURLE_PARTIAL_FILE (18)
- A file transfer was shorter or larger than expected. This happens when the
server first reports an expected transfer size, and then delivers data
that doesn't match the previously given size.
- CURLE_FTP_COULDNT_RETR_FILE (19)
- This was either a weird reply to a 'RETR' command or a zero byte transfer
- CURLE_QUOTE_ERROR (21)
- When sending custom "QUOTE" commands to the remote server, one
of the commands returned an error code that was 400 or higher (for FTP) or
otherwise indicated unsuccessful completion of the command.
- CURLE_HTTP_RETURNED_ERROR (22)
- This is returned if CURLOPT_FAILONERROR(3) is set TRUE and the HTTP
server returns an error code that is >= 400.
- CURLE_WRITE_ERROR (23)
- An error occurred when writing received data to a local file, or an error
was returned to libcurl from a write callback.
- CURLE_UPLOAD_FAILED (25)
- Failed starting the upload. For FTP, the server typically denied the STOR
command. The error buffer usually contains the server's explanation for
- CURLE_READ_ERROR (26)
- There was a problem reading a local file or an error returned by the read
- CURLE_OUT_OF_MEMORY (27)
- A memory allocation request failed. This is serious badness and things are
severely screwed up if this ever occurs.
- CURLE_OPERATION_TIMEDOUT (28)
- Operation timeout. The specified time-out period was reached according to
- CURLE_FTP_PORT_FAILED (30)
- The FTP PORT command returned error. This mostly happens when you haven't
specified a good enough address for libcurl to use. See
- CURLE_FTP_COULDNT_USE_REST (31)
- The FTP REST command returned error. This should never happen if the
server is sane.
- CURLE_RANGE_ERROR (33)
- The server does not support or accept range requests.
- CURLE_HTTP_POST_ERROR (34)
- This is an odd error that mainly occurs due to internal confusion.
- CURLE_SSL_CONNECT_ERROR (35)
- A problem occurred somewhere in the SSL/TLS handshake. You really want the
error buffer and read the message there as it pinpoints the problem
slightly more. Could be certificates (file formats, paths, permissions),
passwords, and others.
- CURLE_BAD_DOWNLOAD_RESUME (36)
- The download could not be resumed because the specified offset was out of
the file boundary.
- CURLE_FILE_COULDNT_READ_FILE (37)
- A file given with FILE:// couldn't be opened. Most likely because the file
path doesn't identify an existing file. Did you check file
- CURLE_LDAP_CANNOT_BIND (38)
- LDAP cannot bind. LDAP bind operation failed.
- CURLE_LDAP_SEARCH_FAILED (39)
- LDAP search failed.
- CURLE_FUNCTION_NOT_FOUND (41)
- Function not found. A required zlib function was not found.
- CURLE_ABORTED_BY_CALLBACK (42)
- Aborted by callback. A callback returned "abort" to
- CURLE_BAD_FUNCTION_ARGUMENT (43)
- Internal error. A function was called with a bad parameter.
- CURLE_INTERFACE_FAILED (45)
- Interface error. A specified outgoing interface could not be used. Set
which interface to use for outgoing connections' source IP address with
- CURLE_TOO_MANY_REDIRECTS (47)
- Too many redirects. When following redirects, libcurl hit the maximum
amount. Set your limit with CURLOPT_MAXREDIRS(3).
- CURLE_UNKNOWN_OPTION (48)
- An option passed to libcurl is not recognized/known. Refer to the
appropriate documentation. This is most likely a problem in the program
that uses libcurl. The error buffer might contain more specific
information about which exact option it concerns.
- CURLE_TELNET_OPTION_SYNTAX (49)
- A telnet option string was Illegally formatted.
- CURLE_GOT_NOTHING (52)
- Nothing was returned from the server, and under the circumstances, getting
nothing is considered an error.
- CURLE_SSL_ENGINE_NOTFOUND (53)
- The specified crypto engine wasn't found.
- CURLE_SSL_ENGINE_SETFAILED (54)
- Failed setting the selected SSL crypto engine as default!
- CURLE_SEND_ERROR (55)
- Failed sending network data.
- CURLE_RECV_ERROR (56)
- Failure with receiving network data.
- CURLE_SSL_CERTPROBLEM (58)
- problem with the local client certificate.
- CURLE_SSL_CIPHER (59)
- Couldn't use specified cipher.
- CURLE_PEER_FAILED_VERIFICATION (60)
- The remote server's SSL certificate or SSH md5 fingerprint was deemed not
OK. This error code has been unified with CURLE_SSL_CACERT since 7.62.0.
Its previous value was 51.
- CURLE_BAD_CONTENT_ENCODING (61)
- Unrecognized transfer encoding.
- CURLE_LDAP_INVALID_URL (62)
- Invalid LDAP URL.
- CURLE_FILESIZE_EXCEEDED (63)
- Maximum file size exceeded.
- CURLE_USE_SSL_FAILED (64)
- Requested FTP SSL level failed.
- CURLE_SEND_FAIL_REWIND (65)
- When doing a send operation curl had to rewind the data to retransmit, but
the rewinding operation failed.
- CURLE_SSL_ENGINE_INITFAILED (66)
- Initiating the SSL Engine failed.
- CURLE_LOGIN_DENIED (67)
- The remote server denied curl to login (Added in 7.13.1)
- CURLE_TFTP_NOTFOUND (68)
- File not found on TFTP server.
- CURLE_TFTP_PERM (69)
- Permission problem on TFTP server.
- CURLE_REMOTE_DISK_FULL (70)
- Out of disk space on the server.
- CURLE_TFTP_ILLEGAL (71)
- Illegal TFTP operation.
- CURLE_TFTP_UNKNOWNID (72)
- Unknown TFTP transfer ID.
- CURLE_REMOTE_FILE_EXISTS (73)
- File already exists and will not be overwritten.
- CURLE_TFTP_NOSUCHUSER (74)
- This error should never be returned by a properly functioning TFTP
- CURLE_CONV_FAILED (75)
- Character conversion failed.
- CURLE_CONV_REQD (76)
- Caller must register conversion callbacks.
- CURLE_SSL_CACERT_BADFILE (77)
- Problem with reading the SSL CA cert (path? access rights?)
- CURLE_REMOTE_FILE_NOT_FOUND (78)
- The resource referenced in the URL does not exist.
- CURLE_SSH (79)
- An unspecified error occurred during the SSH session.
- CURLE_SSL_SHUTDOWN_FAILED (80)
- Failed to shut down the SSL connection.
- CURLE_AGAIN (81)
- Socket is not ready for send/recv wait till it's ready and try again. This
return code is only returned from curl_easy_recv(3) and
curl_easy_send(3) (Added in 7.18.2)
- CURLE_SSL_CRL_BADFILE (82)
- Failed to load CRL file (Added in 7.19.0)
- CURLE_SSL_ISSUER_ERROR (83)
- Issuer check failed (Added in 7.19.0)
- CURLE_FTP_PRET_FAILED (84)
- The FTP server does not understand the PRET command at all or does not
support the given argument. Be careful when using
CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST(3), a custom LIST command will be sent with
PRET CMD before PASV as well. (Added in 7.20.0)
- CURLE_RTSP_CSEQ_ERROR (85)
- Mismatch of RTSP CSeq numbers.
- CURLE_RTSP_SESSION_ERROR (86)
- Mismatch of RTSP Session Identifiers.
- CURLE_FTP_BAD_FILE_LIST (87)
- Unable to parse FTP file list (during FTP wildcard downloading).
- CURLE_CHUNK_FAILED (88)
- Chunk callback reported error.
- CURLE_NO_CONNECTION_AVAILABLE (89)
- (For internal use only, will never be returned by libcurl) No connection
available, the session will be queued. (added in 7.30.0)
- CURLE_SSL_PINNEDPUBKEYNOTMATCH (90)
- Failed to match the pinned key specified with
- CURLE_SSL_INVALIDCERTSTATUS (91)
- Status returned failure when asked with
- CURLE_HTTP2_STREAM (92)
- Stream error in the HTTP/2 framing layer.
- CURLE_RECURSIVE_API_CALL (93)
- An API function was called from inside a callback.
- CURLE_AUTH_ERROR (94)
- An authentication function returned an error.
- CURLE_HTTP3 (95)
- A problem was detected in the HTTP/3 layer. This is somewhat generic and
can be one out of several problems, see the error buffer for details.
- These error codes will never be returned. They were used in an old libcurl
version and are currently unused.
This is the generic return code used by functions in the libcurl multi
interface. Also consider curl_multi_strerror(3).
- CURLM_CALL_MULTI_PERFORM (-1)
- This is not really an error. It means you should call
curl_multi_perform(3) again without doing select() or similar in
between. Before version 7.20.0 this could be returned by
curl_multi_perform(3), but in later versions this return code is
- CURLM_CALL_MULTI_SOCKET (-1)
- An alias for CURLM_CALL_MULTI_PERFORM. Never returned by modern libcurl
- CURLM_OK (0)
- Things are fine.
- CURLM_BAD_HANDLE (1)
- The passed-in handle is not a valid CURLM handle.
- CURLM_BAD_EASY_HANDLE (2)
- An easy handle was not good/valid. It could mean that it isn't an easy
handle at all, or possibly that the handle already is in used by this or
another multi handle.
- CURLM_OUT_OF_MEMORY (3)
- You are doomed.
- CURLM_INTERNAL_ERROR (4)
- This can only be returned if libcurl bugs. Please report it to us!
- CURLM_BAD_SOCKET (5)
- The passed-in socket is not a valid one that libcurl already knows about.
(Added in 7.15.4)
- CURLM_UNKNOWN_OPTION (6)
- curl_multi_setopt() with unsupported option (Added in 7.15.4)
- CURLM_ADDED_ALREADY (7)
- An easy handle already added to a multi handle was attempted to get added
a second time. (Added in 7.32.1)
- CURLM_RECURSIVE_API_CALL (8)
- An API function was called from inside a callback.
- CURLM_WAKEUP_FAILURE (9)
- Wakeup is unavailable or failed.
The "share" interface will return a CURLSHcode to indicate when an
error has occurred. Also consider curl_share_strerror(3).
- CURLSHE_OK (0)
- All fine. Proceed as usual.
- CURLSHE_BAD_OPTION (1)
- An invalid option was passed to the function.
- CURLSHE_IN_USE (2)
- The share object is currently in use.
- CURLSHE_INVALID (3)
- An invalid share object was passed to the function.
- CURLSHE_NOMEM (4)
- Not enough memory was available. (Added in 7.12.0)
- CURLSHE_NOT_BUILT_IN (5)
- The requested sharing could not be done because the library you use don't
have that particular feature enabled. (Added in 7.23.0)
- CURLUE_BAD_HANDLE (1)
- An argument that should be a CURLU pointer was passed in as a NULL.
- CURLUE_BAD_PARTPOINTER (2)
- A NULL pointer was passed to the 'part' argument of
- CURLUE_MALFORMED_INPUT (3)
- A malformed input was passed to a URL API function.
- CURLUE_BAD_PORT_NUMBER (4)
- The port number was not a decimal number between 0 and 65535.
- CURLUE_UNSUPPORTED_SCHEME (5)
- This libcurl build doesn't support the given URL scheme.
- CURLUE_URLDECODE (6)
- URL decode error, most likely because of rubbish in the input.
- CURLUE_OUT_OF_MEMORY (7)
- A memory function failed.
- CURLUE_USER_NOT_ALLOWED (8)
- Credentials was passed in the URL when prohibited.
- CURLUE_UNKNOWN_PART (9)
- An unknown part ID was passed to a URL API function.
- CURLUE_NO_SCHEME (10)
- There is no scheme part in the URL.
- CURLUE_NO_USER (11)
- There is no user part in the URL.
- CURLUE_NO_PASSWORD (12)
- There is no password part in the URL.
- CURLUE_NO_OPTIONS (13)
- There is no options part in the URL.
- CURLUE_NO_HOST (14)
- There is no host part in the URL.
- CURLUE_NO_PORT (15)
- There is no port part in the URL.
- CURLUE_NO_QUERY (16)
- There is no query part in the URL.
- CURLUE_NO_FRAGMENT (17)
- There is no fragment part in the URL.