table of contents
kubectl alpha debug - Create debugging sessions for troubleshooting workloads and nodes
kubectl alpha debug [OPTIONS]
NOTE: "kubectl alpha debug" is deprecated and will be removed in release 1.21. Please use "kubectl debug" instead.
Debug cluster resources using interactive debugging containers.
'debug' provides automation for common debugging tasks for cluster objects identified by resource and name. Pods will be used by default if no resource is specified.
The action taken by 'debug' varies depending on what resource is specified. Supported actions include:
- Workload: Create a copy of an existing pod with certain attributes changed, for example changing the image tag to a new version.
- Workload: Add an ephemeral container to an already running pod, for example to add debugging utilities without restarting the pod.
- Node: Create a new pod that runs in the node's host namespaces and can access the node's filesystem.
--arguments-only=false If specified, everything after -- will be passed to the new container as Args instead of Command.
--attach=false If true, wait for the container to start running, and then attach as if 'kubectl attach ...' were called. Default false, unless '-i/--stdin' is set, in which case the default is true.
-c, --container="" Container name to use for debug container.
--copy-to="" Create a copy of the target Pod with this name.
--env= Environment variables to set in the container.
--image="" Container image to use for debug container.
--image-pull-policy="" The image pull policy for the container. If left empty, this value will not be specified by the client and defaulted by the server.
--quiet=false If true, suppress informational messages.
--replace=false When used with '--copy-to', delete the original Pod.
--same-node=false When used with '--copy-to', schedule the copy of target Pod on the same node.
--set-image= When used with '--copy-to', a list of name=image pairs for changing container images, similar to how 'kubectl set image' works.
--share-processes=true When used with '--copy-to', enable process namespace sharing in the copy.
-i, --stdin=false Keep stdin open on the container(s) in the pod, even if nothing is attached.
--target="" When using an ephemeral container, target processes in this container name.
-t, --tty=false Allocate a TTY for the debugging container.
OPTIONS INHERITED FROM PARENT COMMANDS¶
--add-dir-header=false If true, adds the file directory to the header of the log messages
--alsologtostderr=false log to standard error as well as files
--application-metrics-count-limit=100 Max number of application metrics to store (per container)
--as="" Username to impersonate for the operation
--as-group= Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.
--azure-container-registry-config="" Path to the file containing Azure container registry configuration information.
--boot-id-file="/proc/sys/kernel/random/boot_id" Comma-separated list of files to check for boot-id. Use the first one that exists.
--cache-dir="/home/user/.kube/cache" Default cache directory
--certificate-authority="" Path to a cert file for the certificate authority
--client-certificate="" Path to a client certificate file for TLS
--client-key="" Path to a client key file for TLS
--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs=188.8.131.52/22,184.108.40.206/16 CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy health checks
--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs=220.127.116.11/22,18.104.22.168/22,22.214.171.124/22,126.96.36.199/16 CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy health checks
--cluster="" The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use
--container-hints="/etc/cadvisor/container_hints.json" location of the container hints file
--containerd="/run/containerd/containerd.sock" containerd endpoint
--containerd-namespace="k8s.io" containerd namespace
--context="" The name of the kubeconfig context to use
--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds=300 Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.
--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds=300 Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.
--disable-root-cgroup-stats=false Disable collecting root Cgroup stats
--docker="unix:///var/run/docker.sock" docker endpoint
--docker-env-metadata-whitelist="" a comma-separated list of environment variable keys matched with specified prefix that needs to be collected for docker containers
--docker-only=false Only report docker containers in addition to root stats
--docker-root="/var/lib/docker" DEPRECATED: docker root is read from docker info (this is a fallback, default: /var/lib/docker)
--docker-tls=false use TLS to connect to docker
--docker-tls-ca="ca.pem" path to trusted CA
--docker-tls-cert="cert.pem" path to client certificate
--docker-tls-key="key.pem" path to private key
--enable-load-reader=false Whether to enable cpu load reader
--event-storage-age-limit="default=0" Max length of time for which to store events (per type). Value is a comma separated list of key values, where the keys are event types (e.g.: creation, oom) or "default" and the value is a duration. Default is applied to all non-specified event types
--event-storage-event-limit="default=0" Max number of events to store (per type). Value is a comma separated list of key values, where the keys are event types (e.g.: creation, oom) or "default" and the value is an integer. Default is applied to all non-specified event types
--global-housekeeping-interval=1m0s Interval between global housekeepings
--housekeeping-interval=10s Interval between container housekeepings
--insecure-skip-tls-verify=false If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure
--kubeconfig="" Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.
--log-backtrace-at=:0 when logging hits line file:N, emit a stack trace
--log-cadvisor-usage=false Whether to log the usage of the cAdvisor container
--log-dir="" If non-empty, write log files in this directory
--log-file="" If non-empty, use this log file
--log-file-max-size=1800 Defines the maximum size a log file can grow to. Unit is megabytes. If the value is 0, the maximum file size is unlimited.
--log-flush-frequency=5s Maximum number of seconds between log flushes
--logtostderr=true log to standard error instead of files
--machine-id-file="/etc/machine-id,/var/lib/dbus/machine-id" Comma-separated list of files to check for machine-id. Use the first one that exists.
--match-server-version=false Require server version to match client version
-n, --namespace="" If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request
--one-output=false If true, only write logs to their native severity level (vs also writing to each lower severity level
--password="" Password for basic authentication to the API server
--profile="none" Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)
--profile-output="profile.pprof" Name of the file to write the profile to
--referenced-reset-interval=0 Reset interval for referenced bytes (container_referenced_bytes metric), number of measurement cycles after which referenced bytes are cleared, if set to 0 referenced bytes are never cleared (default: 0)
--request-timeout="0" The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.
-s, --server="" The address and port of the Kubernetes API server
--skip-headers=false If true, avoid header prefixes in the log messages
--skip-log-headers=false If true, avoid headers when opening log files
--stderrthreshold=2 logs at or above this threshold go to stderr
--storage-driver-buffer-duration=1m0s Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction
--storage-driver-db="cadvisor" database name
--storage-driver-host="localhost:8086" database host:port
--storage-driver-password="root" database password
--storage-driver-secure=false use secure connection with database
--storage-driver-table="stats" table name
--storage-driver-user="root" database username
--tls-server-name="" Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used
--token="" Bearer token for authentication to the API server
--update-machine-info-interval=5m0s Interval between machine info updates.
--user="" The name of the kubeconfig user to use
--username="" Username for basic authentication to the API server
-v, --v=0 number for the log level verbosity
--version=false Print version information and quit
--vmodule= comma-separated list of pattern=N settings for file-filtered logging
--warnings-as-errors=false Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code
# Create an interactive debugging session in pod mypod and immediately attach to it.
# (requires the EphemeralContainers feature to be enabled in the cluster)
kubectl debug mypod -it --image=busybox
# Create a debug container named debugger using a custom automated debugging image.
# (requires the EphemeralContainers feature to be enabled in the cluster)
kubectl debug --image=myproj/debug-tools -c debugger mypod
# Create a copy of mypod adding a debug container and attach to it
kubectl debug mypod -it --image=busybox --copy-to=my-debugger
# Create a copy of mypod changing the command of mycontainer
kubectl debug mypod -it --copy-to=my-debugger --container=mycontainer -- sh
# Create a copy of mypod changing all container images to busybox
kubectl debug mypod --copy-to=my-debugger --set-image=*=busybox
# Create a copy of mypod adding a debug container and changing container images
kubectl debug mypod -it --copy-to=my-debugger --image=debian --set-image=app=app:debug,sidecar=sidecar:debug
# Create an interactive debugging session on a node and immediately attach to it.
# The container will run in the host namespaces and the host's filesystem will be mounted at /host
kubectl debug node/mynode -it --image=busybox
January 2015, Originally compiled by Eric Paris (eparis at redhat dot com) based on the kubernetes source material, but hopefully they have been automatically generated since!