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rpcbuf(3I) InterViews Reference Manual rpcbuf(3I)

NAME

rpcbuf - streambuf specialized for sending and receiving RPC requests

SYNOPSIS

#include <Dispatch/rpcbuf.h>

DESCRIPTION

An rpcbuf is a streambuf specialized in two ways: to use an IPC connection as a source or sink of characters and to send and receive RPC requests. The rpcbuf encloses RPC requests in packets which begin with a length field so that the rpcbuf can buffer requests until they are complete if the user uses non-blocking I/O.

CONSTRUCTORS

rpcbuf(iostreamb* = nil)
Construct an unopened rpcbuf, giving it a pointer to an iostreamb sothat the rpcbuf can read and write the length field of RPC requests.

IPCOPERATIONS

const char* host()
int port()
int fd()
boolean opened()
boolean nonblocking()
Return information about the IPC connection.
enum { anyport = 0 }
rpcbuf* listen(int port)
Create a socket, bind the socket to a <localhost, port> address, andprepare to accept incoming connections. anyport can be used in place of a specific port number. Return the rpcbuf's address if successful, nil otherwise.
rpcbuf* connect(const char* host, int port)
Create a socket and connect it to a peer at the <host, port> address. Return the rpcbuf's address if successful, nil otherwise.
rpcbuf* accept(int& fd)
Accept an incoming connection, allocate a new file descriptor for it,and assign the new file descriptor to the parameter. Return the rpcbuf's address if successful, nil otherwise. Can be called only for rpcbufs that have already called listen.
rpcbuf* attach(int fd)
Attach the rpcbuf to a file descriptor. The rpcbuf will not beallowed to close the file descriptor.
rpcbuf* nonblocking(boolean)
Enable or disable non-blocking I/O on the file descriptor (disabled bydefault).
rpcbuf* verbose(boolean)
Enable or disable printing of error messages when anything goes wrong(enabled by default).
rpcbuf* close()
Flush the get and put areas, close the file descriptor if it wascreated by the rpcbuf, and detach the rpcbuf from the file descriptor.

RPCOPERATIONS

int start_request()
If a current request exists, compute its length and insert the lengthinto the request's length field. Then start a new request, making sure to leave space for the request's length field. Return 0 if no problem occurred, EOF otherwise.
int read_request()
Return 0 if a complete request is buffered in the get area, EOFotherwise. The rpcbuf moves the get pointer back to the beginning of the request after extracting the length field and checking that the get area contains that many bytes.

STREAMBUFOPERATIONS

virtual int overflow(int c=EOF)
If given EOF, terminate the current request. Flush all requestsbuffered in the put area except for the last request if it's still incomplete. Shift any still incomplete request to the beginning of the put area. If given a character, append it to the request.
virtual int underflow()
Flush the put area. Shift any still unread or incomplete requests tothe beginning of the get area and position the get pointer at the beginning of the get area. Read as much data as available to fill the rest of the get area. Return the get area's first character or EOF if a problem occurred.
virtual int sync()
Discard any still unread requests from the get area. Flush allbuffered requests from the put area.
virtual streampos seekoff(streamoff, ios::seek_dir, int)
Allow the user to find the get pointer's current position so the usercan compute how many bytes the get pointer moved between calls to seekoff. Return EOF if the user tries to do anything else than find the get pointer's current position.
virtual streambuf* setbuf(char*, int)
Reject any attempt to set the buffer used to store incoming andoutgoing requests. The rpcbuf dynamically allocates separate buffers for both areas and automatically resizes the buffers whenever necessary.

SEEALSO

IOS.INTRO(3C++), rpcstream(3I)
27 March 1991 InterViews