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IPERF(1) User Manuals IPERF(1)

NAME

iperf - perform network throughput tests

SYNOPSIS

iperf -s [options]

iperf -c server [options]

iperf -u -s [options]

iperf -u -c server [options]

DESCRIPTION

iperf is a tool for performing network throughput measurements. It can test either TCP or UDP throughput. To perform an iperf test the user must establish both a server (to discard traffic) and a client (to generate traffic).

GENERAL OPTIONS

-b, --bandwidth
set the target bandwidth and optional standard devation per <mean>,[<stdev>] (See NOTES for suffixes)
-e, --enhanced
Display enhanced output in reports otherwise use legacy report (ver 2.0.5) formatting (see notes)
-f, --format [abkmgBKMG]
format to report: adaptive, bits, Bytes, Kbits, Mbits, Gbits, KBytes, MBytes, GBytes (see NOTES for more)
-h, --help
print a help synopsis
-i, --interval n
pause n seconds between periodic bandwidth reports
-l, --len n[kmKM]
set read/write buffer size (TCP) or length (UDP) to n (TCP default 128K, UDP default 1470)
--l2checks
perform layer 2 length checks on received UDP packets (requires systems that support packet sockets, e.g. Linux)
-m, --print_mss
print TCP maximum segment size (MTU - TCP/IP header)
-o, --output filename
output the report or error message to this specified file
-p, --port n
set server port to listen on/connect to to n (default 5001)
-u, --udp
use UDP rather than TCP
-w, --window n[kmKM]
TCP window size (socket buffer size)
-z, --realtime
Request real-time scheduler, if supported.
-B, --bind host
bind to host, ip address or multicast address and optional port (see notes)
-C, --compatibility
for use with older versions does not sent extra msgs
-M, --mss n
set TCP maximum segment size (MTU - 40 bytes)
-N, --nodelay
set TCP no delay, disabling Nagle's Algorithm
-v, --version
print version information and quit
-x, --reportexclude [CDMSV]
exclude C(connection) D(data) M(multicast) S(settings) V(server) reports
-y, --reportstyle C|c
if set to C or c report results as CSV (comma separated values)

SERVER SPECIFIC OPTIONS

-b, --bandwidth n[kmgKMG]
set target read rate to n bits/sec. TCP only for the server.
-s, --server
run in server mode
--udp-histogram[=binwidth[u],bincount,[lowerci],[upperci]]
output UDP latency histograms, bin width (default 1 millisecond, append u for microseconds,) bincount is total bins (default 1000), ci is confidence interval between 0-100% (default lower 5%, upper 95%)
-B, --bind ip | ip%device
bind src ip addr and optional src device for receiving
-D, --daemon
run the server as a daemon. On Windows this will run the specified command-line under the IPerfService, installing the service if necessary. Note the service is not configured to auto-start or restart - if you need a self-starting service you will need to create an init script or use Windows "sc" commands.
-H, --ssm-host host
Set the source host (ip addr) per SSM multicast, i.e. the S of the S,G
-R, --remove
remove the IPerfService (Windows only).
-U, --single_udp
run in single threaded UDP mode
-V, --ipv6_domain
Enable IPv6 reception by setting the domain and socket to AF_INET6 (Can receive on both IPv4 and IPv6)

CLIENT SPECIFIC OPTIONS

-b, --bandwidth n[kmgKMG] | npps
set target bandwidth to n bits/sec (default 1 Mbit/sec) or n packets per sec. This may be used with TCP or UDP. For variable loads use format mean,standard deviation
-c, --client host
run in client mode, connecting to host
-d, --dualtest
Do a bidirectional test simultaneously.
--fq-rate n[kmgKMG]
Set a rate to be used with fair-queueing based socket-level pacing, in bytes or bits per second. Only available on platforms supporting the SO_MAX_PACING_RATE socket option. (Note: Here the suffixes indicate bytes/sec or bits/sec per use of uppercase or lowercase, respectively)
--incr-dstip
increment the destination ip address when using the parallel (-P) option
--ipg n
set the interpacket gap to n (units of milliseconds) for packets within an isochronous frame (burst), requires --isochronous
--isochronous[=fps:mean,stdev]
send isochronous traffic with frequency frames per second and load defined by mean and standard deviation using a log normal distribution, defaults to 60:20m,0. (Note: Here the suffixes indicate bytes/sec or bits/sec per use of uppercase or lowercase, respectively)
-n, --num n[kmKM]
number of bytes to transmit (instead of -t)
-r, --tradeoff
Do a bidirectional test individually - client-to-server, followed by a reversed test, server-to-client
-t, --time n
time in seconds to listen for new traffic connections, receive traffic or transmit traffic (Defaults: transmit is 10 secs while listen and receive are indefinite)
--trip-time
request the server to report the total trip time, i.e from the client's 3WHS done to client's (fin, fin-ack or socket close) (requires synchronized clocks)
--txstart-time n.n
set the txstart-time to n.n using unix or epoch time format (supports nanonsecond resolution, e.g 1536014418.839992457)
-B, --bind ip | ip:port | ipv6 -V | [ipv6]:port -V
bind src ip addr and optional port as the source of traffic (see notes)
-F, --fileinput name
input the data to be transmitted from a file
-I, --stdin
input the data to be transmitted from stdin
-L, --listenport n
port to receive bidirectional tests back on
-P, --parallel n
number of parallel client threads to run
-R, --reverse
reverse the traffic flow after header exchange, useful for testing through firewalls
-S, --tos
set the socket's IP_TOS (byte) field
-T, --ttl n
time-to-live, for multicast (default 1) -V, --ipv6_domain Set the domain to IPv6 (send packets over IPv6)
-X, --peerdetect
run server version detection prior to traffic.
-Z, --linux-congestion algo
set TCP congestion control algorithm (Linux only)

EXAMPLES

TCP tests (client)

iperf -c <host> -e -i 1
------------------------------------------------------------
Client connecting to <host>, TCP port 5001 with pid 5149
Write buffer size: 128 KByte
TCP window size: 340 KByte (default)
------------------------------------------------------------
[ 3] local 45.56.85.133 port 49960 connected with 45.33.58.123 port 5001 (ct=3.23 ms)
[ ID] Interval Transfer Bandwidth Write/Err Rtry Cwnd/RTT NetPwr
[ 3] 0.00-1.00 sec 126 MBytes 1.05 Gbits/sec 1006/0 0 56K/626 us 210636.47
[ 3] 1.00-2.00 sec 138 MBytes 1.15 Gbits/sec 1100/0 299 483K/3884 us 37121.32
[ 3] 2.00-3.00 sec 137 MBytes 1.15 Gbits/sec 1093/0 24 657K/5087 us 28162.31
[ 3] 3.00-4.00 sec 126 MBytes 1.06 Gbits/sec 1010/0 284 294K/2528 us 52366.58
[ 3] 4.00-5.00 sec 117 MBytes 980 Mbits/sec 935/0 373 487K/2025 us 60519.66
[ 3] 5.00-6.00 sec 144 MBytes 1.20 Gbits/sec 1149/0 2 644K/3570 us 42185.36
[ 3] 6.00-7.00 sec 126 MBytes 1.06 Gbits/sec 1011/0 112 582K/5281 us 25092.56
[ 3] 7.00-8.00 sec 110 MBytes 922 Mbits/sec 879/0 56 279K/1957 us 58871.89
[ 3] 8.00-9.00 sec 127 MBytes 1.06 Gbits/sec 1014/0 46 483K/3372 us 39414.89
[ 3] 9.00-10.00 sec 132 MBytes 1.11 Gbits/sec 1054/0 0 654K/3380 us 40872.75
[ 3] 0.00-10.00 sec 1.25 GBytes 1.07 Gbits/sec 10251/0 1196 -1K/3170 us 42382.03

where (per -e,)
ct= TCP connect time (or three way handshake time 3WHS)
Write/Err Total number of successful socket writes. Total number of non-fatal socket write errors
Rtry Total number of TCP retries
Cwnd/RTT (*nix only) TCP congestion window and round trip time (sampled)
NetPwr (*nix only) Network power defined as (throughput / RTT)

TCP tests (server)

iperf -s -e -i 1 -l 8K
------------------------------------------------------------
Server listening on TCP port 5001 with pid 13430
Read buffer size: 8.00 KByte
TCP window size: 85.3 KByte (default)
------------------------------------------------------------
[ 4] local 45.33.58.123 port 5001 connected with 45.56.85.133 port 49960
[ ID] Interval Transfer Bandwidth Reads Dist(bin=1.0K)
[ 4] 0.00-1.00 sec 124 MBytes 1.04 Gbits/sec 22249 798:2637:2061:767:2165:1563:589:11669
[ 4] 1.00-2.00 sec 136 MBytes 1.14 Gbits/sec 24780 946:3227:2227:790:2427:1888:641:12634
[ 4] 2.00-3.00 sec 137 MBytes 1.15 Gbits/sec 24484 1047:2686:2218:810:2195:1819:728:12981
[ 4] 3.00-4.00 sec 126 MBytes 1.06 Gbits/sec 20812 863:1353:1546:614:1712:1298:547:12879
[ 4] 4.00-5.00 sec 117 MBytes 984 Mbits/sec 20266 769:1886:1828:589:1866:1350:476:11502
[ 4] 5.00-6.00 sec 143 MBytes 1.20 Gbits/sec 24603 1066:1925:2139:822:2237:1827:744:13843
[ 4] 6.00-7.00 sec 126 MBytes 1.06 Gbits/sec 22635 834:2464:2249:724:2269:1646:608:11841
[ 4] 7.00-8.00 sec 110 MBytes 921 Mbits/sec 21107 842:2437:2747:592:2871:1903:496:9219
[ 4] 8.00-9.00 sec 126 MBytes 1.06 Gbits/sec 22804 1038:1784:2639:656:2738:1927:573:11449
[ 4] 9.00-10.00 sec 133 MBytes 1.11 Gbits/sec 23091 1088:1654:2105:710:2333:1928:723:12550
[ 4] 0.00-10.02 sec 1.25 GBytes 1.07 Gbits/sec 227306 9316:22088:21792:7096:22893:17193:6138:120790

where (per -e,)
Reads Total number of socket reads
Dist(bin=size) Eight bin histogram of the socket reads returned byte count. Bin width is set per size. Bins are separated by a colon. In the example, the bins are 0-1K, 1K-2K, .., 7K-8K.

UDP tests (client)

iperf -c <host> -e -i 1 -u -b 10m
------------------------------------------------------------
Client connecting to <host>, UDP port 5001 with pid 5169
Sending 1470 byte datagrams, IPG target: 1176.00 us (kalman adjust)
UDP buffer size: 208 KByte (default)
------------------------------------------------------------
[ 3] local 45.56.85.133 port 32943 connected with 45.33.58.123 port 5001
[ ID] Interval Transfer Bandwidth Write/Err PPS
[ 3] 0.00-1.00 sec 1.19 MBytes 10.0 Mbits/sec 852/0 851 pps
[ 3] 1.00-2.00 sec 1.19 MBytes 10.0 Mbits/sec 850/0 850 pps
[ 3] 2.00-3.00 sec 1.19 MBytes 10.0 Mbits/sec 850/0 850 pps
[ 3] 3.00-4.00 sec 1.19 MBytes 10.0 Mbits/sec 851/0 850 pps
[ 3] 4.00-5.00 sec 1.19 MBytes 10.0 Mbits/sec 850/0 850 pps
[ 3] 5.00-6.00 sec 1.19 MBytes 10.0 Mbits/sec 850/0 850 pps
[ 3] 6.00-7.00 sec 1.19 MBytes 10.0 Mbits/sec 851/0 850 pps
[ 3] 7.00-8.00 sec 1.19 MBytes 10.0 Mbits/sec 850/0 850 pps
[ 3] 8.00-9.00 sec 1.19 MBytes 10.0 Mbits/sec 851/0 850 pps
[ 3] 0.00-10.00 sec 11.9 MBytes 10.0 Mbits/sec 8504/0 850 pps
[ 3] Sent 8504 datagrams
[ 3] Server Report:
[ 3] 0.00-10.00 sec 11.9 MBytes 10.0 Mbits/sec 0.047 ms 0/ 8504 (0%) 0.537/ 0.392/23.657/ 0.497 ms 850 pps 2329.37

where (per -e,)
Write/Err Total number of successful socket writes. Total number of non-fatal socket write errors
PPS Transmit packet rate in packets per second

UDP tests (server)

iperf -s -e -i 1 -u
------------------------------------------------------------
Server listening on UDP port 5001 with pid 13496
Receiving 1470 byte datagrams
UDP buffer size: 208 KByte (default)
------------------------------------------------------------ [ 3] local 45.33.58.123 port 5001 connected with 45.56.85.133 port 32943
[ ID] Interval Transfer Bandwidth Jitter Lost/Total Latency avg/min/max/stdev PPS NetPwr
[ 3] 0.00-1.00 sec 1.19 MBytes 10.0 Mbits/sec 0.057 ms 0/ 851 (0%) 0.475/ 0.408/ 1.898/ 0.090 ms 851 pps 2633.56
[ 3] 1.00-2.00 sec 1.19 MBytes 10.0 Mbits/sec 0.039 ms 0/ 851 (0%) 0.669/ 0.405/16.256/ 1.375 ms 850 pps 1869.32
[ 3] 2.00-3.00 sec 1.19 MBytes 10.0 Mbits/sec 0.038 ms 0/ 850 (0%) 0.795/ 0.395/23.657/ 2.138 ms 850 pps 1572.05
[ 3] 3.00-4.00 sec 1.19 MBytes 10.0 Mbits/sec 0.045 ms 0/ 850 (0%) 0.475/ 0.403/ 3.477/ 0.148 ms 850 pps 2628.58
[ 3] 4.00-5.00 sec 1.19 MBytes 10.0 Mbits/sec 0.043 ms 0/ 851 (0%) 0.463/ 0.400/ 1.458/ 0.068 ms 850 pps 2699.88
[ 3] 5.00-6.00 sec 1.19 MBytes 10.0 Mbits/sec 0.032 ms 0/ 850 (0%) 0.486/ 0.404/ 2.658/ 0.154 ms 850 pps 2572.21
[ 3] 6.00-7.00 sec 1.19 MBytes 10.0 Mbits/sec 0.055 ms 0/ 850 (0%) 0.469/ 0.404/ 2.768/ 0.108 ms 850 pps 2664.82
[ 3] 7.00-8.00 sec 1.19 MBytes 10.0 Mbits/sec 0.039 ms 0/ 851 (0%) 0.571/ 0.400/12.452/ 0.855 ms 850 pps 2192.68
[ 3] 8.00-9.00 sec 1.19 MBytes 10.0 Mbits/sec 0.083 ms 0/ 850 (0%) 0.475/ 0.392/ 3.702/ 0.196 ms 850 pps 2628.29
[ 3] 9.00-10.00 sec 1.19 MBytes 10.0 Mbits/sec 0.047 ms 0/ 850 (0%) 0.493/ 0.396/ 6.010/ 0.343 ms 850 pps 2534.89
[ 3] 0.00-10.00 sec 11.9 MBytes 10.0 Mbits/sec 0.047 ms 0/ 8504 (0%) 0.537/ 0.392/23.657/ 0.867 ms 850 pps 2329.37

where (per -e,)
Latency End to end latency in mean/minimum/maximum/standard deviation format (Note: requires the client's and server's system clocks to be synchronized to a common reference, e.g. using precision time protocol PTP. A GPS disciplined OCXO is a recommended reference.)
PPS Received packet rate in packets per second
NetPwr Network power defined as (throughput / latency)

Isochronous UDP tests (client)

iperf -c 192.168.100.33 -u -e -i 1 --isochronous=60:100m,10m --realtime
------------------------------------------------------------
Client connecting to 192.168.100.33, UDP port 5001 with pid 14971
UDP isochronous: 60 frames/sec mean= 100 Mbit/s, stddev=10.0 Mbit/s, Period/IPG=16.67/0.005 ms
UDP buffer size: 208 KByte (default)
------------------------------------------------------------
[ 3] local 192.168.100.76 port 42928 connected with 192.168.100.33 port 5001
[ ID] Interval Transfer Bandwidth Write/Err PPS frames:tx/missed/slips
[ 3] 0.00-1.00 sec 12.0 MBytes 101 Mbits/sec 8615/0 8493 pps 62/0/0
[ 3] 1.00-2.00 sec 12.0 MBytes 100 Mbits/sec 8556/0 8557 pps 60/0/0
[ 3] 2.00-3.00 sec 12.0 MBytes 101 Mbits/sec 8586/0 8586 pps 60/0/0
[ 3] 3.00-4.00 sec 12.1 MBytes 102 Mbits/sec 8687/0 8687 pps 60/0/0
[ 3] 4.00-5.00 sec 11.8 MBytes 99.2 Mbits/sec 8468/0 8468 pps 60/0/0
[ 3] 5.00-6.00 sec 11.9 MBytes 99.8 Mbits/sec 8519/0 8520 pps 60/0/0
[ 3] 6.00-7.00 sec 12.1 MBytes 102 Mbits/sec 8694/0 8694 pps 60/0/0
[ 3] 7.00-8.00 sec 12.1 MBytes 102 Mbits/sec 8692/0 8692 pps 60/0/0
[ 3] 8.00-9.00 sec 11.9 MBytes 100 Mbits/sec 8537/0 8537 pps 60/0/0
[ 3] 9.00-10.00 sec 11.8 MBytes 99.0 Mbits/sec 8450/0 8450 pps 60/0/0
[ 3] 0.00-10.01 sec 120 MBytes 100 Mbits/sec 85867/0 8574 pps 602/0/0
[ 3] Sent 85867 datagrams
[ 3] Server Report:
[ 3] 0.00-9.98 sec 120 MBytes 101 Mbits/sec 0.009 ms 196/85867 (0.23%) 0.665/ 0.083/ 1.318/ 0.174 ms 8605 pps 18903.85

where (per -e,)
frames:tx/missed/slips Total number of isochronous frames or bursts. Total number of frame ids not sent. Total number of frame slips

Isochronous UDP tests (server)

iperf -s -e -u --udp-histogram=100u,2000 --realtime
------------------------------------------------------------
Server listening on UDP port 5001 with pid 5175
Receiving 1470 byte datagrams
UDP buffer size: 208 KByte (default)
------------------------------------------------------------
[ 3] local 192.168.100.33 port 5001 connected with 192.168.100.76 port 42928 isoch (peer 2.0.13-alpha)
[ ID] Interval Transfer Bandwidth Jitter Lost/Total Latency avg/min/max/stdev PPS NetPwr Frames/Lost
[ 3] 0.00-9.98 sec 120 MBytes 101 Mbits/sec 0.010 ms 196/85867 (0.23%) 0.665/ 0.083/ 1.318/ 0.284 ms 8585 pps 18903.85 601/1
[ 3] 0.00-9.98 sec T8(f)-PDF: bin(w=100us):cnt(85671)=1:2,2:844,3:10034,4:8493,5:8967,6:8733,7:8823,8:9023,9:8901,10:8816,11:7730,12:4563,13:741,14:1 (5.00/95.00%=3/12,Outliers=0,obl/obu=0/0)
[ 3] 0.00-9.98 sec F8(f)-PDF: bin(w=100us):cnt(598)= 15:2,16:1,17:27,18:68,19:125,20:136,21:103,22:83,23:22,24:23,25:5,26:3 (5.00/95.00%=17/24,Outliers=0,obl/obu=0/0)

where,
Frames/lost Total number of frames (or bursts) received. Total number of bursts lost or errored
T8-PDF(f) Latency histogram for packets
F8-PDF(f) Latency histogram for frames

ENVIRONMENT

Note:
The environment variable option settings haven't been maintained well. See the source code if these are of interest.

NOTES

Some numeric options support format characters per '<value>c' (e.g. 10M) where the c format characters are k,m,g,K,M,G. Lowercase format characters are 10^3 based and uppercase are 2^n based, e.g. 1k = 1000, 1K = 1024, 1m = 1,000,000 and 1M = 1,048,576

The -b option supports variable offered loads through the <mean>,<standard deviation> format, e.g. -b 100m,10m on the client. The distribution used is log normal. Similar for the isochronous option.

The -e or --enhanced latency output on the UDP servers assumes the clients' and servers' system clocks are synchronized. Network Time Protocol (NTP) or Precision Time Protocol (PTP) are commonly used for this. The reference clock(s) or oscillator's error will also affect the accuracy of UDP latency measurements.

The -B option affects the bind() system call. This is typically used to bind to a particular IP address. Only packets destined to that IP address will be received while any transmitted packets will carry that IP address as their source. The bind() does not control anything about the routing of transmitted packets. So, for example, if the IP address of eth0 is used for -B and the routing table for the destination IP address (per -c) resolves the output interface to be eth1, then the host will send the packet out device eth1 with the source IP address of eth0. To affect the physical output interface (e.g. dual homed systems) the host's routing table(s) need to be configured, e.g. configure policy routing per each -B source address.

The TCP connect time (or three way handshake) can be seen on the iperf client when the -e (--enhancedreports) option is set. Look for the ct=<value> in the connected message, e.g.in '[ 3] local 192.168.1.4 port 48736 connected with 192.168.1.1 port 5001 (ct=1.84 ms)' shows the 3WHS took 1.84 milliseconds.

The network power (NetPwr) metric is experimental. It's a convenience function defined as throughput/delay. For TCP, the delay is the sampled RTT times. For UDP the delay is the end/end latency. Don't confuse this with the physics definition of power (delta energy/delta time) but more of a measure of a desirable property divided by an undesirable property. Also note, one must use -i interval with TCP to get this as that's what sets the RTT sampling rate. The metric is scaled to assist with human readability. (Note: if this metric goes beyond the experimental state we'll consider a supporting and RTT sampling rate independent of the -i interval.)

DIAGNOSTICS

This section needs to be filled in.

BUGS

See https://sourceforge.net/p/iperf2/tickets/

AUTHORS

Iperf2, based from iperf (originally written by Mark Gates and Alex Warshavsky), has a goal of maintenance with some feature enhancement. Other contributions from Ajay Tirumala, Jim Ferguson, Jon Dugan <jdugan at x1024 dot net>, Feng Qin, Kevin Gibbs, John Estabrook <jestabro at ncsa.uiuc.edu>, Andrew Gallatin <gallatin at gmail.com>, Stephen Hemminger <shemminger at linux-foundation.org>, Tim Auckland <tim.auckland at gmail.com>, Robert J. McMahon <rjmcmahon at rjmcmahon.com>

SEE ALSO

http://sourceforge.net/projects/iperf2/
APRIL 2008 NLANR/DAST