service - run a System V init script
service SCRIPT COMMAND
runs a System V init script or systemd unit in as predictable an
environment as possible, removing most environment variables and with the
current working directory set to /
parameter specifies a System V init script, located in
, or the name of a systemd unit. The
existence of a systemd unit of the same name as a script in /etc/init.d will
cause the unit to take precedence over the init.d script. The supported values
depend on the invoked script. service
to the init script unmodified. For systemd
units, start, stop, status, and reload are passed through to their
All scripts should support at least the start
As a special case, if COMMAND
, the script is
run twice, first with the stop
command, then with the start
runs all init scripts, in alphabetical order, with
command. The status is [ + ] for running services, [ - ] for
stopped services and [ ? ] for services without a 'status' command. This
option only calls status for sysvinit jobs.
calls the init script and returns the status returned by it.
- The directory containing System V init scripts.
- The directories containing systemd units.
- LANG, LANGUAGE, LC_CTYPE,
LC_NUMERIC, LC_TIME, LC_COLLATE, LC_MONETARY,
LC_MESSAGES, LC_PAPER, LC_NAME, LC_ADDRESS,
LC_TELEPHONE, LC_MEASUREMENT, LC_IDENTIFICATION,
LC_ALL, TERM, PATH
- The only environment variables passed to the init scripts.