###### Isotonic regression

**Algorithms**[edit]. In terms of numerical analysis, isotonic regression involves finding a weighted least-squares fit x. ∈. R. n ... These two

**algorithms**can be seen as each other's dual, and both have a computational complexity of O. (. n. ). .. {\ ... a simple iterative

**algorithm**for solving this quadratic program is called the pool adjacent violators

**algorithm**. Conversely, ... Leeuw, Jan de; Hornik, Kurt; Mair, Patrick (2009). "Isotone Optimization in R: Pool-Adjacent-Violators

**Algorithm**(PAVA) and ...

###### Health informatics

**Algorithms**[edit]. *Datafly

**algorithm**. References[edit]. *^ Nadri H, Rahimi B, Timpka T, Sedghi S (August 2017). "The Top 100 ...

**algorithms**and systems to be developed. Thus, computer scientists working in computational health informatics and health ...

###### Line graph

**Algorithms**[edit]. Roussopoulos (1973) and Lehot (1974) described linear time

**algorithms**for recognizing line graphs and ... While adding vertices to L, maintain a graph G for which L = L(G); if the

**algorithm**ever fails to find an appropriate graph G, ... Roussopoulos, N. D. (1973), "A max {m,n}

**algorithm**for determining the graph H from its line graph G", Information Processing ... Lehot, Philippe G. H. (1974), "An optimal

**algorithm**to detect a line graph and output its root graph", Journal of the ACM, 21: ...

###### TCP congestion control

**Algorithms**[edit]. The "TCP Foo" names for the

**algorithms**appear to have originated in a 1996 paper by Kevin Fall and Sally ... The overall

**algorithm**here is called fast recovery.. Once ssthresh is reached, TCP changes from slow-start

**algorithm**to the ... Congestion control

**algorithms**are classified in relation to network awareness, meaning the extent to which these

**algorithms**are ... The additive increase/multiplicative decrease (AIMD)

**algorithm**is a closed-loop control

**algorithm**. AIMD combines linear growth ...

###### Separable permutation

**Algorithms**[edit]. Bose, Buss & Lubiw (1998) showed that it is possible to determine in polynomial time whether a given ...

###### Stan (software)

**Algorithms**[edit]. Stan implements gradient-based Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC)

**algorithms**for Bayesian inference, stochastic ... Optimization

**algorithms**: *Limited-memory BFGS (Stan's default optimization

**algorithm**). *Broyden-Fletcher-Goldfarb-Shanno ... MCMC

**algorithms**: *No-U-Turn sampler[1][3] (NUTS), a variant of HMC and Stan's default MCMC engine ...

###### Conway's Game of Life

**Algorithms**[edit]. Early patterns with unknown futures, such as the R-pentomino, led computer programmers to write programs to ... The Game of Life is undecidable, which means that given an initial pattern and a later pattern, no

**algorithm**exists that can ... For exploring large patterns at great time depths, sophisticated

**algorithms**such as Hashlife may be useful. There is also a ... It includes the Hashlife

**algorithm**for extremely fast generation, and Lua or Python scriptability for both editing and ...

###### Spaced repetition

Some[who?] have theorized that the precise length of intervals does not have a great impact on

**algorithm**effectiveness,[8] ... Without a program, the user has to schedule physical flashcards; this is time-intensive and limits users to simple**algorithms**... SM-family of**algorithms**(SuperMemo): SM-0 (a paper implementation) to SM-17 (in SuperMemo 17) ... The program schedules pairs based on spaced repetition**algorithms**. ...###### Contour line

**Algorithms**[edit]. *finding boundaries of level sets after image segmentation *Edge detection ...

###### Dither

**Algorithms**[edit]. There are several

**algorithms**designed to perform dithering. One of the earliest, and still one of the most ... error-diffusion

**algorithms**typically produce images that more closely represent the original than simpler dithering

**algorithms**. ... Some dither

**algorithms**use noise that has more energy in the higher frequencies so as to lower the energy in the critical audio ... This may be the simplest dithering

**algorithm**there is, but it results in immense loss of detail and contouring.[16] ...

###### Edge coloring

5

**Algorithms***5.1 Optimally coloring special classes of graphs. *5.2**Algorithms**that use more than the optimal number of colors ... The time for the**algorithm**is bounded by the time to edge color a bipartite graph, O(m log Δ) using the**algorithm**of Cole, Ost ... Karloff, Howard J.; Shmoys, David B. (1987), "Efficient parallel**algorithms**for edge coloring problems", Journal of**Algorithms**... and his**algorithm**solves the two subproblems recursively. The total time for his**algorithm**is O(m log m). ...###### Arrangement of lines

Discrete

**Algorithms**(SODA '99), pp. 310-316. .. *. Erdős, P.; Lovász, L.; Simmons, A.; Straus, E. G. (1973), "Dissection graphs ...**Algorithms**[edit]. Constructing an arrangement means, given as input a list of the lines in the arrangement, computing a ... Chan, T. (1999), Remarks on k-level**algorithms**in the plane, archived from the original on 2010-11-04. . ...**Algorithm**Engineering (WAE '99), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 1668, Springer-Verlag, pp. 139-153, doi:10.1007/3-540-48318 ...###### Heart failure

**Algorithms**[edit]. There are various

**algorithms**for the diagnosis of heart failure. For example, the

**algorithm**used by the ... ESC

**algorithm**[edit]. The ESC

**algorithm**weights the following parameters in establishing the diagnosis of heart failure:[54] ... In contrast, the more extensive

**algorithm**by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) weights the difference between supporting ... Using a special pacing

**algorithm**, biventricular cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) can initiate a normal sequence of ...

###### wolfSSH

**Algorithms**[edit]. wolfSSH uses the cryptographic services provided by wolfCrypt.[2] wolfCrypt Provides RSA, ECC, Diffie-Hellman ...

###### LP-type problem

Clarkson (1995) defines two

**algorithms**, a recursive**algorithm**and an iterative**algorithm**, for linear programming based on ...**Algorithms**[edit]. Seidel[edit]. Seidel (1991) gave an**algorithm**for low-dimensional linear programming that may be adapted to ... and suggests a combination of the two that calls the iterative**algorithm**from the recursive**algorithm**. The recursive**algorithm**... Discrete**Algorithms**, pp. 423-429. .. *. Chazelle, Bernard; Matoušek, Jiří (1996), "On linear-time deterministic**algorithms**for ...###### Minimum spanning tree

A fourth

**algorithm**, not as commonly used, is the reverse-delete**algorithm**, which is the reverse of Kruskal's**algorithm**. Its ...**Algorithms**[edit]. In all of the**algorithms**below, m is the number of edges in the graph and n is the number of vertices. ... found a linear time randomized**algorithm**based on a combination of Borůvka's**algorithm**and the reverse-delete**algorithm**.[3][4] ... Classic**algorithms**[edit]. The first**algorithm**for finding a minimum spanning tree was developed by Czech scientist Otakar ...###### k-means clustering

then the expected running time of k-means

**algorithm**is bounded by O. (. n. 34. k. 34. d. 8. log. 4. . (. n. ). /. σ. 6. ). {\ ... The**algorithm**is not guaranteed to find the optimum.[9] The**algorithm**is often presented as assigning objects to the nearest ... Hartigan, J. A.; Wong, M. A. (1979). "**Algorithm**AS 136: A k-Means Clustering**Algorithm**". Journal of the Royal Statistical ... 3**Algorithms***3.1 Standard**algorithm**(naive k-means) *3.1.1 Initialization methods ...###### List of random number generators

Cryptographic

**algorithms**[edit]. Cipher**algorithms**and cryptographic hashes can be used as very high-quality pseudorandom number ... A few cryptographically secure pseudorandom number generators do not rely on cipher**algorithms**but try to link mathematically ... Wichmann, Brian A.; Hill, David I. (1982). "**Algorithm**AS 183: An Efficient and Portable Pseudo-Random Number Generator". ... 2 Seminumerical**Algorithms**, 3rd ed., Addison Wesley Longman (1998); See pag. 27. ...###### Directed acyclic graph

... for arbitrary graphs the shortest path may require slower

**algorithms**such as Dijkstra's**algorithm**or the Bellman-Ford**algorithm**... Path**algorithms**[edit]. Some**algorithms**become simpler when used on DAGs instead of general graphs, based on the principle of ... In many randomized**algorithms**in computational geometry, the**algorithm**maintains a history DAG representing the version history ... Jungnickel, Dieter (2012), Graphs, Networks and**Algorithms**,**Algorithms**and Computation in Mathematics, 5, Springer, pp. 92-93, ...###### Advanced life support

ALS

**algorithms**[edit]. ALS assumes that basic life support (bag-mask administration of oxygen and chest compressions) are ... The main**algorithm**of ALS, which is invoked when actual cardiac arrest has been established, relies on the monitoring of the ... Resuscitation Council UK adult ALS**algorithm**2005 Archived October 8, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ... although they may employ slightly modified version of the Medical**algorithm**. In the United States, Paramedic level services are ...###### Secure Hash **Algorithms**

**Algorithm**and variant Output size. (bits) Internal state size. (bits) Block size. (bits) Rounds Operations Security (in bits) ... All SHA-family

**algorithms**, as FIPS-approved security functions, are subject to official validation by the CMVP, a joint program ... SHA-1: A 160-bit hash function which resembles the earlier MD5

**algorithm**. This was designed by the National Security Agency ( ... The Secure Hash

**Algorithms**are a family of cryptographic hash functions published by the National Institute of Standards and ...

###### Tomographic reconstruction

Iterative Reconstruction

**Algorithm**[2][edit]. Main article: Iterative reconstruction. Iterative**algorithm**is computationally ... Reconstruction**algorithms**[edit]. Practical reconstruction**algorithms**have been developed to implement the process of ... Fourier-Domain Reconstruction**Algorithm**[4][edit]. Reconstruction can be made using interpolation. Assume N. {\displaystyle N}. ... Back Projection**Algorithm**[2][edit]. In practice of tomographic image reconstruction, often a stabilized and discretized version ...###### Dynamic programming

The Earley

**algorithm**(a type of chart parser). *The Needleman-Wunsch**algorithm**and other**algorithms**used in bioinformatics, ... Examples: Computer**algorithms**[edit]. Dijkstra's**algorithm**for the shortest path problem[edit]. From a dynamic programming point ... Of course, this**algorithm**is not useful for actual multiplication. This**algorithm**is just a user-friendly way to see what the ... 2 Examples: Computer**algorithms***2.1 Dijkstra's**algorithm**for the shortest path problem ...###### Tone mapping

An

**algorithm**is applied to the six images to recreate the high dynamic range radiance map of the original scene (a high dynamic ... Despite this, if**algorithms**could not sufficiently map tones and colors, a skilled artist was still needed, as is the case with ... Those**algorithms**are more complicated than the global ones; they can show artifacts (e.g. halo effect and ringing); and the ... Tone mapping**algorithms**[edit]. *Perceptually Based Tone Mapping for Low-Light Conditions ...###### Video search engine

Design and

**algorithms**[edit]. Video search has evolved slowly through several basic search formats which exist today and all use ... Rather than applying a text search**algorithm**after speech-to-text processing is completed, some engines use a phonetic search ... Many efforts to improve video search including both human powered search as well as writing**algorithm**that recognize what's ... depends entirely on the searcher and the**algorithm**that the owner has chosen. That's why it has always been discussed and now ...###### Personalized marketing

Use of

**algorithms**[edit]. Data is being generated by**algorithms**, and the**algorithms**associate preferences with the user's ...**Algorithms**may also be manipulated. In February 2015, Coca-Cola ran into trouble over an automated,**algorithm**-generated bot ...**algorithm**-generated bot was tricked into tweeting a racial slur from the official team account.[17] ...###### Hierarchical temporal memory

There have been several generations of HTM

**algorithms**.[6]. Zeta 1: first generation node**algorithms**[edit]. During training, a ... Cortical learning**algorithms**: second generation[edit]. The second generation of HTM learning**algorithms**was drastically ... Cortical Learning**Algorithm**Tutorial: CLA Basics, talk about the cortical learning**algorithm**(CLA) used by the HTM model on ... 1 HTM structure and**algorithms***1.1 Zeta 1: first generation node**algorithms**...###### Community structure

Girvan-Newman

**algorithm**[edit]. Another commonly used**algorithm**for finding communities is the Girvan-Newman**algorithm**.[1] This ... The classic**algorithm**to find these is the Bron-Kerbosch**algorithm**. The overlap of these can be used to define communities in ... Testing methods of finding communities**algorithms**[edit]. The evaluation of**algorithms**, to detect which are better at detecting ... practical**algorithms**are based on approximate optimization methods such as greedy**algorithms**, simulated annealing, or spectral ...###### Latent variable

Pseudo-Marginal Metropolis-Hastings

**algorithm**. Bayesian**algorithms**and methods[edit]. Bayesian statistics is often used for ...###### Outline of cryptography

Modern symmetric-key

**algorithms**[edit]. Main article: Symmetric-key**algorithm**. Stream ciphers[edit]. *A5/1 & A5/2 - ciphers ... Modern asymmetric-key**algorithms**[edit]. Asymmetric key**algorithm**[edit]. *ACE-KEM - NESSIE selection asymmetric encryption ... Streebog - Russian**algorithm**created to replace an obsolete GOST hash function defined in obsolete standard GOST R 34.11-94. ... CAST-128 (CAST5) - 64-bit block; one of a series of**algorithms**by Carlisle Adams and Stafford Tavares, insistent that the name ...