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datalad create-sibling-ria(1) General Commands Manual datalad create-sibling-ria(1)


datalad create-sibling-ria - creates a sibling to a dataset in a RIA store


datalad create-sibling-ria [-h] -s NAME [-d DATASET] [--storage-name NAME] [--post-update-hook] [--shared {false|true|umask|group|all|world|everybody|0xxx}] [--group GROUP] [--no-storage-sibling] [--existing MODE] [--trust-level TRUST-LEVEL] [-r] [-R LEVELS] ria+<ssh|file>://<host>[/path]


Communication with a dataset in a RIA store is implemented via two siblings. A regular Git remote (repository sibling) and a git-annex special remote for data transfer (storage sibling) -- with the former having a publication dependency on the latter. By default, the name of the storage sibling is derived from the repository sibling's name by appending "-storage".

The store's base path is expected to not exist, be an empty directory, or a valid RIA store.

RIA store layout ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

A RIA store is a directory tree with a dedicated subdirectory for each dataset in the store. The subdirectory name is constructed from the DataLad dataset ID, e.g. '124/68afe-59ec-11ea-93d7-f0d5bf7b5561', where the first three characters of the ID are used for an intermediate subdirectory in order to mitigate files system limitations for stores containing a large number of datasets.

Each dataset subdirectory contains a standard bare Git repository for the dataset.

In addition, a subdirectory 'annex' hold a standard Git-annex object store. However, instead of using the 'dirhashlower' naming scheme for the object directories, like Git-annex would do, a 'dirhashmixed' layout is used -- the same as for non-bare Git repositories or regular DataLad datasets.

Optionally, there can be a further subdirectory 'archives' with (compressed) 7z archives of annex objects. The storage remote is able to pull annex objects from these archives, if it cannot find in the regular annex object store. This feature can be useful for storing large collections of rarely changing data on systems that limit the number of files that can be stored.

Each dataset directory also contains a 'ria-layout-version' file that identifies the data organization (as, for example, described above).

Lastly, there is a global 'ria-layout-version' file at the store's base path that identifies where dataset subdirectories themselves are located. At present, this file must contain a single line stating the version (currently "1"). This line MUST end with a newline character.

It is possible to define an alias for an individual dataset in a store by placing a symlink to the dataset location into an 'alias/' directory in the root of the store. This enables dataset access via URLs of format:

Error logging ~~~~~~~~~~~~~

To enable error logging at the remote end, append a pipe symbol and an "l" to the version number in ria-layout-version (like so '1|l0).

Error logging will create files in an "error_log" directory whenever the git-annex special remote (storage sibling) raises an exception, storing the Python traceback of it. The logfiles are named according to the scheme issue with which dataset. Because logging can potentially leak personal data (like local file paths for example), it can be disabled client-side by setting the configuration variable "annex.ora-remote.<storage-sibling-name>.ignore-remote-config".


URL identifying the target RIA store and access protocol. Constraints: value must be a string

-h, --help, --help-np
show this help message. --help-np forcefully disables the use of a pager for displaying the help message
-s NAME, --name NAME
Name of the sibling. With RECURSIVE, the same name will be used to label all the subdatasets' siblings. Constraints: value must be a string
-d DATASET, --dataset DATASET
specify the dataset to process. If no dataset is given, an attempt is made to identify the dataset based on the current working directory. Constraints: Value must be a Dataset or a valid identifier of a Dataset (e.g. a path)
--storage-name NAME
Name of the storage sibling (git-annex special remote). Must not be identical to the sibling name. If not specified, defaults to the sibling name plus '-storage' suffix. Constraints: value must be a string
Enable git's default post-update-hook for the created sibling.
--shared {false|true|umask|group|all|world|everybody|0xxx}
If given, configures the permissions in the RIA store for multi-users access. Possible values for this option are identical to those of `git init --shared` and are described in its documentation. Constraints: value must be a string, or value must be convertible to type bool
--group GROUP
Filesystem group for the repository. Specifying the group is crucial when --shared=group. Constraints: value must be a string
Flag to disable establishing a storage sibling.
--existing MODE
Action to perform, if a (storage) sibling is already configured under the given name and/or a target already exists. In this case, a dataset can be skipped ('skip'), an existing target repository be forcefully re-initialized, and the sibling (re-)configured ('reconfigure'), or the command be instructed to fail ('error'). Constraints: value must be one of ('skip', 'error', 'reconfigure') [Default: 'error']
--trust-level TRUST-LEVEL
specify a trust level for the storage sibling. If not specified, the default git-annex trust level is used. Constraints: value must be one of ('trust', 'semitrust', 'untrust')
-r, --recursive
if set, recurse into potential subdataset.
-R LEVELS, --recursion-limit LEVELS
limit recursion into subdataset to the given number of levels. Constraints: value must be convertible to type 'int'


datalad is developed by The DataLad Team and Contributors <>.
2020-12-15 datalad create-sibling-ria 0.13.6