NAME¶ccontrol - wrapper to control distcc, ccache and more
ccontrol [--section=<section>] <name> ...
DESCRIPTION¶The ccontrol(1) program takes over the roles of the compiler and linker, and reads a configuration file to decide what to do before invoking them. This is particularly useful for centralized control over commands and options, such as enabling distcc(1) and ccache(1).
When ccontrol(1) is invoked under its own name with no arguments, it prints out the settings which apply in this directory (unless --section is specified).
Versions are named after the last person to report a bug.
OPTIONS¶Normally ccontrol(1) is invoked as a symboling link to cc, make, etc, so it can identify what is being invoked by examining its own name. It can also be invoked under its own name, in which case ccontrol-specific arguments can be supplied. The first non-option argument will be used to identify the invocation, eg. "ccontrol gcc ...".
The following options are supported, when invoked as ccontrol:
CONFIGURATION FILE¶ccontrol’s configuration file is $HOME/.ccontrol/config. If this cannot be read (and written), your compilations will all fail. It is normal to have several different configuration files in this directory, and make default a symbolic link.
SYNTAX¶A configuration file consists of sections, led by a "[path]" header and followed by indented "name = value" entries. The first section is usually labelled "[*]" to set up the defaults. At the very least, you must set the "cc", "c++", "make" and "ld" values.
ccontrol will read every section which matches the current directory, so you can override values on a per-directory basis. The "[path]" header of each section is a shell-style wildcard (see glob(7)) which indicates the directory or directories it applies to. Usually this will end in a "*" to include all subdirectories.
All paths beginning with "~" are relative to the user’s home directory. A path may be specified as a directory, in which case ccontrol will append the program name to the directory.
The following settings are available:
EXAMPLES¶This is the minimal configuration file:
[*] cc = /usr/bin/gcc c++ = /usr/bin/g++ ld = /usr/bin/ld make = /usr/bin/make
If you have multiple locations (such as a laptop) it is common to have a "global" file which is included from every configuration file, like so:
# Configuration file for when I'm at work. Lots of distcc hosts! include = ~/.ccontrol/global [*] distcc-hosts = snab swarm1 swarm3 swarm4 swarm5 fandango2 mingo distc++-hosts = snab mingo
Here is a complete configuration file with several common scenarios:
[*] cc = /usr/bin/gcc-4.0 c++ = /usr/bin/g++-4.0 ld = /usr/bin/ld make = /usr/bin/make # Comment this back in for debugging # verbose distcc = /usr/bin/distcc distcc-hosts = snab swarm1 swarm3 swarm4 swarm5 fandango2 mingo distc++-hosts = snab mingo ccache = /usr/bin/ccache # make check should not generally be run in parallel no-parallel = check # Wesnoth doesn't compile with g++ 4.0 [*wesnoth*] c++ = /usr/bin/g++-3.4 # Stupid third-party modules don't build in parallel. [/usr/src/modules/*] no-parallel = * # Using distcc when testing module-init-tools causes strange effects. [*module-init-tools*/tests/*] distcc disable
BUGS¶The ~/.ccontrol/config file must be writable: ccontrol(1) needs to get an exclusive write lock on it, which means it needs to open the file for writing. Use include to include read-only files.
ccontrol will not immediately notice a change in included files, only in the toplevel file (ccontrol re-reads the config file if it changed while ccontrol was trying to grab a lock).
The Linux (⟨ 2.6.15) cpufreq ondemand governor (common on laptops) will not increase CPU speed when using ccontrol(1), because ccontrol re-nices compilations. This can make builds 2-3 times slower. Either use another governor, or tell ondemand to ignore nice values:
echo 1 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpufreq/ondemand/ignore_nice
If your code doesn’t compile, ccontrol can only make it not compile faster.
AUTHOR¶Written by Rusty Russell <email@example.com>
LICENSE¶Copyright © 2005 Rusty Russell. Free use of this software is granted under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL).
SEE ALSO¶make(1), cc(1), c++(1), ld(1), distcc(1), ccache(1), glob(7), cpufreq-set(1)
AUTHOR¶Rusty Russell <firstname.lastname@example.org>
|v0.9 5 January 2006|