- bullseye 0.18.0+ds-2
- bullseye-backports 0.22.0+ds-2~bpo11+1
- testing 0.25.0+ds-2
- unstable 0.26.0+ds-1
- experimental 0.26.0+ds-2~experimental1
|biolatency(8)||System Manager's Manual||biolatency(8)|
biolatency - Summarize block device I/O latency as a histogram.
biolatency [-h] [-F] [-T] [-Q] [-m] [-D] [-e] [interval [count]]
biolatency traces block device I/O (disk I/O), and records the distribution of I/O latency (time). This is printed as a histogram either on Ctrl-C, or after a given interval in seconds.
The latency of disk I/O operations is measured from when requests are issued to the device up to completion. A -Q option can be used to include time queued in the kernel.
This tool uses in-kernel eBPF maps for storing timestamps and the histogram, for efficiency.
This works by tracing various kernel blk_*() functions using dynamic tracing, and will need updating to match any changes to these functions.
Since this uses BPF, only the root user can use this tool.
CONFIG_BPF and bcc.
-h Print usage message.
- Summarize block device I/O latency as a histogram:
- # biolatency
- Print 1 second summaries, 10 times:
- # biolatency 1 10
- Print 1 second summaries, using milliseconds as units for the histogram, and
- include timestamps on output: # biolatency -mT 1
- Include OS queued time in I/O time:
- # biolatency -Q
- Show a latency histogram for each disk device separately:
- # biolatency -D
- Show a latency histogram in a dictionary format:
- # biolatency -j
- Also show extension summary(total, average):
- # biolatency -e
- Microsecond range
- Millisecond range
- How many I/O fell into this range
- An ASCII bar chart to visualize the distribution (count column)
This traces kernel functions and maintains in-kernel timestamps and a histogram, which are asynchronously copied to user-space. This method is very efficient, and the overhead for most storage I/O rates (< 10k IOPS) should be negligible. If you have a higher IOPS storage environment, test and quantify the overhead before use.
This is from bcc.
Also look in the bcc distribution for a companion _examples.txt file containing example usage, output, and commentary for this tool.
Unstable - in development.