|MD2(3)||Library Functions Manual||MD2(3)|
LIBRARY¶Message Digest (MD4, MD5, etc.) Support Library (libmd, -lmd)
*context, const uint8_t
char *filename, char
char *filename, char
*buf, off_t offset,
uint8_t *data, size_t
DESCRIPTION¶The MD2 functions calculate a 128-bit cryptographic checksum (digest) for any number of input bytes. A cryptographic checksum is a one-way hash-function, that is, you cannot find (except by exhaustive search) the input corresponding to a particular output. This net result is a “fingerprint” of the input-data, which doesn't disclose the actual input.
MD2 is the slowest, MD4 is the fastest and MD5 is somewhere in the middle. MD2 can only be used for Privacy-Enhanced Mail. MD4 has been criticized for being too weak, so MD5 was developed in response as ``MD4 with safety-belts''. MD4 and MD5 have been broken; they should only be used where necessary for backward compatibility. The attacks on both MD4 and MD5 are both in the nature of finding “collisions” - that is, multiple inputs which hash to the same value; it is still unlikely for an attacker to be able to determine the exact original input given a hash value.
functions are the core functions. Allocate an MD2_CTX, initialize it with
MD2Init(), run over the data with
MD2Update(), and finally extract the result using
MD2Pad() function can be used to apply
padding to the message digest as in
the current context can still be used with
MD2Transform() function is used by
MD2Update() to hash 512-bit blocks and forms the
core of the algorithm. Most programs should use the interface provided by
MD2Final() instead of calling
MD2End() is a wrapper for
MD2Final() which converts the return value to an
MD2_DIGEST_STRING_LENGTH-character (including the terminating '\0') ASCII
string which represents the 128 bits in hexadecimal.
MD2File() calculates the digest of a file,
MD2End() to return the result. If the file
cannot be opened, a null pointer is returned.
MD2FileChunk() behaves like
MD2File() but calculates the digest only for that
portion of the file starting at offset and continuing
for length bytes or until end of file is reached,
whichever comes first. A zero length can be specified
to read until end of file. A negative length or
offset will be ignored.
MD2Data() calculates the digest of a chunk of data
in memory, and uses
MD2End() to return the
MD2Data(), the buf argument
can be a null pointer, in which case the returned string is allocated with
malloc(3) and subsequently must be explicitly deallocated
using free(3) after use. If the buf
argument is non-null it must point to at least MD2_DIGEST_STRING_LENGTH
characters of buffer space.
SEE ALSO¶md2(3), md4(3), md5(3), rmd160(3), sha1(3), sha2(3)
B. Kaliski, The MD2 Message-Digest Algorithm, RFC 1319.
R. Rivest, The MD4 Message-Digest Algorithm, RFC 1186.
R. Rivest, The MD5 Message-Digest Algorithm, RFC 1321.
RSA Laboratories, Frequently Asked Questions About today's Cryptography, <http://www.rsa.com/rsalabs/faq/>.
H. Dobbertin, Alf Swindles Ann, CryptoBytes, 1(3):5, 1995.
MJ. B. Robshaw, On Recent Results for MD4 and MD5, RSA Laboratories Bulletin, 4, November 12, 1996.
Hans Dobbertin, Cryptanalysis of MD5 Compress.
HISTORY¶These functions appeared in OpenBSD 2.0 and NetBSD 1.3.
AUTHORS¶The original MD2 routines were developed by RSA Data Security, Inc., and published in the above references. This code is derived from a public domain implementation written by Colin Plumb.
MD2Data() helper functions are derived from code
written by Poul-Henning Kamp.
BUGS¶Collisions have been found for the full versions of both MD4 and MD5. The use of sha2(3) is recommended instead.
|July 13, 2010||Linux 4.9.0-9-amd64|