depmod - Generate modules.dep and map files.
depmod [-b basedir]
[-e] [-E Module.symvers]
[-F System.map] [-n] [-v]
[-A] [-P prefix] [-w]
[-F System.map] [-m] [-n]
[-v] [-P prefix] [-w]
Linux kernel modules can provide services (called "symbols") for other
modules to use (using one of the EXPORT_SYMBOL variants in the code). If a
second module uses this symbol, that second module clearly depends on the
first module. These dependencies can get quite complex.
depmod creates a list of module dependencies by reading
each module under /lib/modules/version and determining what symbols
it exports and what symbols it needs. By default, this list is written to
modules.dep, and a binary hashed version named modules.dep.bin, in the same
directory. If filenames are given on the command line, only those modules
are examined (which is rarely useful unless all modules are listed).
depmod also creates a list of symbols provided by modules in the file
named modules.symbols and its binary hashed version, modules.symbols.bin.
Finally, depmod will output a file named modules.devname if modules
supply special device names (devname) that should be populated in /dev on
boot (by a utility such as systemd-tmpfiles).
If a version is provided, then that kernel version's module
directory is used rather than the current kernel version (as returned by
Probe all modules. This option is enabled by default if
no file names are given in the command-line.
This option scans to see if any modules are newer than
the modules.dep file before any work is done: if not, it silently exits rather
than regenerating the files.
-b basedir, --basedir
If your modules are not currently in the (normal)
directory /lib/modules/version, but in a staging area, you can specify
a basedir which is prepended to the directory name. This basedir
is stripped from the resulting modules.dep file, so it is ready to be moved
into the normal location. Use this option if you are a distribution vendor who
needs to pre-generate the meta-data files rather than running depmod again
-C, --config file or directory
This option overrides the default configuration directory
When combined with the -F option, this reports any
symbols which a module needs which are not supplied by other modules or the
kernel. Normally, any symbols not provided by modules are assumed to be
provided by the kernel (which should be true in a perfect world), but this
assumption can break especially when additionally updated third party drivers
are not correctly installed or were built incorrectly.
When combined with the -e option, this reports any
symbol versions supplied by modules that do not match with the symbol versions
provided by the kernel in its Module.symvers. This option is mutually
incompatible with -F.
-F, --filesyms System.map
Supplied with the System.map produced when the kernel was
built, this allows the -e option to report unresolved symbols. This
option is mutually incompatible with -E.
Print the help message and exit.
-n, --show, --dry-run
This sends the resulting modules.dep and the various map
files to standard output rather than writing them into the module
Some architectures prefix symbols with an extraneous
character. This specifies a prefix character (for example '_') to
In verbose mode, depmod will print (to stdout) all
the symbols each module depends on and the module's file name which provides
Show version of program and exit. See below for caveats
when run on older kernels.
Warn on duplicate dependencies, aliases, symbol versions,
This manual page originally Copyright 2002, Rusty Russell, IBM Corporation.
Portions Copyright Jon Masters, and others.
Jon Masters <email@example.com>
Robby Workman <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Lucas De Marchi <email@example.com>