service - run a System V init script
service SCRIPT COMMAND
runs a System V init script, systemd unit, or upstart job in as
predictable an environment as possible, removing most environment variables
and with the current working directory set to /
parameter specifies a System V init script, located in
, or the name of a systemd unit, or the name
of an upstart job in /etc/init
. The existence of a systemd unit or
upstart job of the same name as a script in /etc/init.d will cause the
unit/job to take precedence over the init.d script. The supported values of
depend on the invoked script. service
to the init script unmodified. For systemd
units or upstart jobs, start, stop, status, and reload are passed through to
their systemctl/initctl equivalents. For upstart jobs, restart will call the
upstart 'stop' for the job, followed immediately by the 'start', and will exit
with the return code of the start command.
All scripts should support at least the start
As a special case, if COMMAND
, the script is
run twice, first with the stop
command, then with the start
command. This option has no effect on upstart jobs.
runs all init scripts, in alphabetical order, with
command. The status is [ + ] for running services, [ - ] for
stopped services and [ ? ] for services without a 'status' command. This
option only calls status for sysvinit jobs; upstart jobs can be queried in a
similar manner with initctl list
calls the init script and returns the status returned by it.
- The directory containing System V init scripts.
- The directory containing upstart jobs.
- The directories containing systemd units.
- LANG, LANGUAGE, LC_CTYPE, LC_NUMERIC,
LC_TIME, LC_COLLATE, LC_MONETARY, LC_MESSAGES,
LC_PAPER, LC_NAME, LC_ADDRESS, LC_TELEPHONE,
LC_MEASUREMENT, LC_IDENTIFICATION, LC_ALL, TERM,
- The only environment variables passed to the init scripts.