equivs-build - make a Debian package to register local software
equivs-build [--full|-f] [--arch=foo|-a=foo] controlfile
is a program that creates Debian packages which can be used
to inform dpkg about locally installed packages and their dependencies. Also
empty packages that just require other packages can be created with equivs.
These can be used as "profile" packages which just mark other ones
Please note that this is a crude hack and if thoughtlessly used, it might
possibly do damage to your packaging system. And please note as well that
using it is not the recommended way of dealing with broken dependencies.
Better file a bug report instead.
The control file has a structure like the control files in "real"
Debian packages, but it doesn't have to define all keys, as default values
will be used if you omit one.
There are several additional fields that can be used:
- File to be used as the changelog
- If you don't use a local changelog, equivs will create a dummy one. As the
version of the package is defined in the changelog, equivs will assume the
version 1.0. With this field, you can set an explicit version.
- A file to be used as the README.Debian file. You can use the
strings @packagename@ and
@depends@ to insert the package name and the
dependency information used.
- The copyright file to by used. If omitted, the GPL 2 will be used.
- Preinst: Postinst: Prerm: Postrm:
- Maintainerscripts executed before/after installation/removal of the
package. See the Debian developers reference for a description (package
- Field specifying multiarch dependency status. Used exactly as in 'real'
packages. Foreign: Satisfies dependencies for all architectures Same:
Satisfies dependencies only for the same architecture Allowed: Can act as
either Foreign or Same, as specified in the dependency
- A comma-separated list of files to copy to the
- Files to be copied into some directory of the created package. Each line
contains a source filename and a destination directory, space-separated.
As with other multi-line headers, all lines but the first must be
Files: foo-cron /etc/cron.d/
- Files to be copied into some directory of the created package, specified
inline in the source control file. The field syntax is the name of the
files to be created, followed by lines indented by 1 space denoting file
content; leading space will be trimmed. An octal file mode may be
specified after the filename; it defaults to 644, and will be normalised
to 644 or 755. Example:
File: /usr/local/bin/true 755
for more information.
- --full | -f
- Do a complete build. debuild will be called, that is, a full
package will be built and signed, suitable for upload to the Debian
The ID used to signed is taken from, in that order, the user from the last
entry of a supplied changelog, the Maintainer: field in the equivs control
file, or the local username.
- --arch | -a
- Build package for the specified architecture. Used e.g. for building
packages for hurd under linux. equivs-build uses
dpkg-architecture to provide this facility.
Distribution is subject to the GNU public licence version 2.
Martin Bialasinski <email@example.com>