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turnadmin is a TURN administration tool. This tool can be used to manage the user accounts (add/remove users, generate TURN keys for the users). For security reasons, we do not recommend storing passwords openly. The better option is to use pre-processed "keys" which are then used for authentication. These keys are generated by turnadmin. Turnadmin is a link to turnserver binary, but turnadmin performs different functions.

Options note: turnadmin has long and short option names, for most options. Some options have only long form, some options have only short form. Their syntax somewhat different, if an argument is required:

The short form must be used as this (for example):

  $ turnadmin -u <username> ...
The long form equivalent must use the "=" character:

  $ turnadmin --user=<username> ...
If this is a flag option (no argument required) then their usage are the same, for example:

 $ turnadmin -k ...
is equivalent to:

 $ turnadmin --key ...
You have always the use the -r <realm> option with commands for long term credentials - because data for multiple realms can be stored in the same database.



turnadmin - a TURN relay administration tool.


$ turnadmin [command] [options]

$ turnadmin [ -h | --help]


-P, --generate-encrypted-password
Generate and print to the standard output an encrypted form of a password (for web admin user or CLI). The value then can be used as a safe key for the password storage on disk or in the database. Every invocation for the same password produces a different result. The for mat of the encrypted password is: $5$<...salt...>$<...sha256(salt+password)...>. Salt is 16 characters, the sha256 output is 64 characters. Character 5 is the algorithm id (sha256). Only sha256 is supported as the hash function.
-k, --key
Generate key for a long-term credentials mechanism user.
-a, --add
Add or update a long-term user.
-A, --add-admin
Add or update an admin user.
-d, --delete
Delete a long-term user.
-D, --delete-admin
Delete an admin user.
-l, --list
List long-term users in the database.
-L, --list-admin
List admin users in the database.

-s, --set-secret=<value> Add shared secret for TURN RESP API

-S, --show-secret
Show stored shared secrets for TURN REST API

-X, --delete-secret=<value> Delete a shared secret.

Delete all shared secrets for REST API.
-O, --add-origin
Add origin-to-realm relation.
-R, --del-origin
Delete origin-to-realm relation.
-I, --list-origins
List origin-to-realm relations.
-g, --set-realm-option
Set realm params: max-bps, total-quota, user-quota.
-G, --list-realm-options
List realm params.
Options with required values:
-b, --db, --userdb
SQLite user database file name (default - /var/db/turndb or /usr/local/var/db/turndb or /var/lib/turn/turndb). See the same option in the turnserver section.
-e, --psql-userdb
PostgreSQL user database connection string. See the --psql-userdb option in the turnserver section.
-M, --mysql-userdb
MySQL user database connection string. See the --mysql-userdb option in the turnserver section.
-J, --mongo-userdb
MongoDB user database connection string. See the --mysql-mongo option in the turnserver section.
-N, --redis-userdb
Redis user database connection string. See the --redis-userdb option in the turnserver section.
-u, --user
User name.
-r, --realm
-p, --password
-o, --origin
Set value of realm's max-bps parameter.
Set value of realm's total-quota parameter.
Set value of realm's user-quota parameter.
-h, --help
Command examples:

Generate an encrypted form of a password:

$ turnadmin -P -p <password>

Generate a key:

$ turnadmin -k -u <username> -r <realm> -p <password>

Add/update a user in the in the database:

$ turnadmin -a [-b <userdb-file> | -e <db-connection-string> | -M <db-connection-string> | -N <db-connection-string> ] -u <username> -r <realm> -p <password>

Delete a user from the database:

$ turnadmin -d [-b <userdb-file> | -e <db-connection-string> | -M <db-connection-string> | -N <db-connection-string> ] -u <username> -r <realm>

List all long-term users in MySQL database:

$ turnadmin -l --mysql-userdb="<db-connection-string>" -r <realm>

List all admin users in Redis database:

$ turnadmin -L --redis-userdb="<db-connection-string>"

Set secret in MySQL database:

$ turnadmin -s <secret> --mysql-userdb="<db-connection-string>" -r <realm>

Show secret stored in PostgreSQL database:

$ turnadmin -S --psql-userdb="<db-connection-string>" -r <realm>

Set origin-to-realm relation in MySQL database:

$ turnadmin --mysql-userdb="<db-connection-string>" -r <realm> -o <origin>

Delete origin-to-realm relation from Redis DB:

$ turnadmin --redis-userdb="<db-connection-string>" -o <origin>

List all origin-to-realm relations in Redis DB:

$ turnadmin --redis-userdb="<db-connection-string>" -I

List the origin-to-realm relations in PostgreSQL DB for a single realm:

$ turnadmin --psql-userdb="<db-connection-string>" -I -r <realm>


$ turnadmin -h



After installation, run the command:

$ man turnadmin

or in the project root directory:

$ man -M man turnadmin

to see the man page.















turnserver, turnutils



project page:

Wiki page:




Oleg Moskalenko <>

Gabor Kovesdan

Daniel Pocock

John Selbie (

Lee Sylvester <>

Erik Johnston <>

Roman Lisagor <>

Vladimir Tsanev <>

Po-sheng Lin <>

Peter Dunkley <>

Mutsutoshi Yoshimoto <>

Federico Pinna <>

Bradley T. Hughes <>

Mihaly Meszaros <>

25 September 2016