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git-annex-metadata(1) General Commands Manual git-annex-metadata(1)


git-annex-metadata - sets or gets metadata of a file


git annex metadata [path ...]


The content of an annexed file can have any number of metadata fields attached to it to describe it. Each metadata field can in turn have any number of values.

This command can be used to set metadata, or show the currently set metadata.

When run without any -s or -t parameters, displays the current metadata.

Each metadata field has its own "field-lastchanged" metadata, which contains the date the field was last changed. Unlike other metadata, this cannot be directly modified by this command. It is updated automatically.

Note that the metadata is attached to the particular content of a file, not to a particular filename on a particular git branch. More precisely, metadata is attached to the key used for the file, which can reflect file contents and/or name, depending on the key-value backend used for the file. All files with the same key share the same metadata, which is stored in the git-annex branch. If a file is edited, old metadata will be copied to the new key when you git-annex-add the edited file. Note also that changes to a file's git-annex metadata will not be reflected in the git log of the file, since they are stored on the git-annex branch. To attach metadata to a particular path, rather than a particular key, use .gitattributes .


-g field / --get field
Get the value(s) of a single field.
The values will be output one per line, with no other output, so this is suitable for use in a script.
-s field=value / --set field=value
Set a field's value, removing any old values.
-s field+=value / --set field+=value
Add an additional value, preserving any old values.
-s field?=value / --set field?=value
Set a value, but only if the field does not already have a value set.
-s field-=value / --set field-=value
Remove a value from a field, leaving any other values that the field has set.
-r field / --remove field
Remove all current values of the field.
-t tag / --tag tag
Set a tag. Note that a tag is just a value of the "tag" field.
-u tag / --unset tag
Unset a tag.
Remove all metadata from the specified files.
When a file is modified and the new version added, git-annex will copy over the metadata from the old version of the file. In situations where you don't want that copied metadata, you can use this option to remove it.
By default, git annex metadata refuses to recursively set metadata throughout the files in a directory. This option enables such recursive setting.
file matching options
The git-annex-matching-options(1) can be used to specify files to act on.
--all -A
Specify instead of a file to get/set metadata on all known keys.
Specify instead of a file to get/set metadata on all files in the specified branch or treeish.
Specify instead of a file to get/set metadata on files found by last run of git-annex unused.
Specify instead of a file to get/set metadata of the specified key.
Enable JSON output (and input). Each line is a JSON object.
The format of the JSON objects changed in git-annex version 6.20160726.
Example of the new format:
Example of the old format, which lacks the inner fields object:
Messages that would normally be output to standard error are included in the json instead.
Enables batch mode, which can be used to both get, store, and unset metadata for multiple files or keys.
Batch currently only supports JSON input. So, you must enable --json along with --batch.
In batch mode, git-annex reads lines from stdin, which contain JSON objects. It replies to each input with an output JSON object.
The format of the JSON sent to git-annex can be the same as the JSON that it outputs. Or, a simplified version. Only the "file" (or "key") field is actually necessary.
For example, to get the current metadata of file foo:
To get the current metadata of the key k:


Any metadata fields included in the JSON object will be stored, replacing whatever values the fields had before. To unset a field, include it with an empty list of values.
To change the author of file foo to bar:
To remove the author of file foo:
Note that file matching options do not affect the files that are processed when in batch mode.


To set some tags on a file and also its author:

git annex metadata annexscreencast.ogv -t video -t screencast -s author+=Alice





Joey Hess <>