batch SQL script processor using DB-Library
bsqldb is a utility program distributed with FreeTDS.
bsqldb is a non-interactive equivalent of the
"isql" utility programs distributed by Sybase and Microsoft. Like
bsqldb uses the command "go" on a line
by itself as a separator between batches. The last batch need not be followed
bsqldb makes use of the DB-Library
API provided by FreeTDS. This API is of course also available to application
- Database to use.
- hostname Override name of client sent to server.
- Database server password.
- Database server to which to connect.
- Database server login name. If username is not provided, a domain login is
attempted for TDS 7+ connections.
- Name of file for errors.
- Print column headers with the data to the same file.
- Name of script file, containing SQL.
- Name of output file, holding result data.
- Do not print column metadata, return status, or rowcount. Overrides
- Specifies the field terminator. Default is two spaces (' '). Recognized
escape sequences are tab ('\t'), carriage return ('\r'), newline ('\n'),
and backslash ('\\').
- Verbose mode, for more information about the DB-Library interaction. This
also reports the result set metadata, including and return code. All
verbose data are written to standard error (or
-e), so as not to interfere with the data
- Specify pivot trasformation. The format is
⟨value⟩. Columns are specified but
numbers. The format of down columns and
across columns is a comma separated list of columns.
function is either count, sum, min or max.
DSQUERY default servername
bsqldb is a filter; it reads from standard input, writes
to standard output, and writes errors to standard error. The
-e options override these defaults.
The source code for
bsqldb is intended as
a model for DB-Library users. DB-Library has a rich set of functions, and it
can be hard sometimes to understand how to use them, particularly the first
time. If you find something about the source code unclear, you are
encouraged to email the author your comments.
bsqldb exits 0 on success, and >0 if the server
cannot process the query.
For messages with severity > 10,
calls exit(3) with the severity level. For example, if the severity level is
bsqldb will return an exit status of 16 to the
bsqldb first appeared in FreeTDS 0.63.
bsqldb utility was written by James
K. Lowden ⟨firstname.lastname@example.org⟩.
Microsoft servers as of SQL Server 7.0 SP 3 do not return output parameters
unless the RPC functions are used. This means
cannot return output parameters for stored procedures with these servers.