namei - follow a pathname until a terminal point is found
uses its arguments as pathnames to any type of Unix file (symlinks,
files, directories, and so forth). namei
then follows each pathname
until an endpoint is found (a file, a directory, a device node, etc). If it
finds a symbolic link, it shows the link, and starts following it, indenting
the output to show the context.
This program is useful for finding "too many levels of symbolic links"
For each line of output, namei
uses the following characters to identify
the file type found:
f: = the pathname currently being resolved
d = directory
l = symbolic link (both the link and its contents are output)
s = socket
b = block device
c = character device
p = FIFO (named pipe)
- = regular file
? = an error of some kind
prints an informative message when the maximum number of symbolic
links this system can have has been exceeded.
- -l, --long
- Use the long listing format (same as -m -o -v).
- -m, --modes
- Show the mode bits of each file type in the style of ls(1), for example
- -o, --owners
- Show owner and group name of each file.
- -n, --nosymlinks
- Don't follow symlinks.
- -v, --vertical
- Vertically align the modes and owners.
- -x, --mountpoints
- Show mountpoint directories with a 'D' rather than a 'd'.
- -h, --help
- Display help text and exit.
- -V, --version
- Display version information and exit.
The original namei
program was written by Roger Southwick
The program was re-written by Karel Zak <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
To be discovered.
The namei command is part of the util-linux package and is available from