service - run a System V init script
service SCRIPT COMMAND
runs a System V init script or upstart job in as predictable an
environment as possible, removing most environment variables and with the
current working directory set to /
parameter specifies a System V init script, located in
, or the name of an upstart job in
. The existence of an upstart job of the same name as a script
in /etc/init.d will cause the upstart job to take precedence over the init.d
script. The supported values of COMMAND
depend on the invoked script.
to the init script
unmodified. For upstart jobs, start, stop, status, and reload are passed
through to their upstart equivalents. Restart will call the upstart 'stop' for
the job, followed immediately by the 'start', and will exit with the return
code of the start command.
All scripts should support at least the start
As a special case, if COMMAND
, the script is
run twice, first with the stop
command, then with the start
command. This option has no effect on upstart jobs.
runs all init scripts, in alphabetical order, with
command. The status is [ + ] for running services, [ - ] for
stopped services and [ ? ] for services without a 'status' command. This
option only calls status for sysvinit jobs; upstart jobs can be queried in a
similar manner with initctl list
calls the init script and returns the status returned by it.
- The directory containing System V init scripts.
- The directory containing upstart jobs.
- LANG, LANGUAGE, LC_CTYPE, LC_NUMERIC,
LC_TIME, LC_COLLATE, LC_MONETARY, LC_MESSAGES,
LC_PAPER, LC_NAME, LC_ADDRESS, LC_TELEPHONE,
LC_MEASUREMENT, LC_IDENTIFICATION, LC_ALL,
- The only environment variables passed to the init scripts.