Scroll to navigation

NM-SETTINGS(5) Configuration NM-SETTINGS(5)

NAME

nm-settings - Description of settings and properties of NetworkManager connection profiles

DESCRIPTION

NetworkManager is based on a concept of connection profiles, sometimes referred to as connections only. These connection profiles contain a network configuration. When NetworkManager activates a connection profile on a network device the configuration will be applied and an active network connection will be established. Users are free to create as many connection profiles as they see fit. Thus they are flexible in having various network configurations for different networking needs. The connection profiles are handled by NetworkManager via settings service and are exported on D-Bus ( /org/freedesktop/NetworkManager/Settings/<num> objects). The conceptual objects can be described as follows:
Connection (profile)
A specific, encapsulated, independent group of settings describing all the configuration required to connect to a specific network. It is referred to by a unique identifier called the UUID. A connection is tied to a one specific device type, but not necessarily a specific hardware device. It is composed of one or more Settings objects.
Setting
A group of related key/value pairs describing a specific piece of a Connection (profile). Settings keys and allowed values are described in the tables below. Keys are also reffered to as properties. Developers can find the setting objects and their properties in the libnm-util sources. Look for the class_init functions near the bottom of each setting source file.
The settings and properties shown in tables below list all available connection configuration options. However, note that not all settings are applicable to all connection types. NetworkManager provides a command-line tool nmcli that allows direct configuration of the settings and properties according to a connection profile type. nmcli connection editor has also a built-in describe command that can display description of particular settings and properties of this page.
 
 
Table 1. 802-1x setting
Key Name Value Type Default Value Value Description
name string 802-1x The setting's name; these names are defined by the specification and cannot be changed after the object has been created. Each setting class has a name, and all objects of that class share the same name.
eap array of string   The allowed EAP method to be used when authenticating to the network with 802.1x. Valid methods are: 'leap', 'md5', 'tls', 'peap', 'ttls', 'pwd', and 'fast'. Each method requires different configuration using the properties of this setting; refer to wpa_supplicant documentation for the allowed combinations.
identity string   Identity string for EAP authentication methods. Often the user's user or login name.
anonymous-identity string   Anonymous identity string for EAP authentication methods. Used as the unencrypted identity with EAP types that support different tunneled identity like EAP-TTLS.
pac-file string   UTF-8 encoded file path containing PAC for EAP-FAST.
ca-cert byte array [] Contains the CA certificate if used by the EAP method specified in the 'eap' property. Certificate data is specified using a 'scheme'; two are currently supported: blob and path. When using the blob scheme (which is backwards compatible with NM 0.7.x) this property should be set to the certificate's DER encoded data. When using the path scheme, this property should be set to the full UTF-8 encoded path of the certificate, prefixed with the string 'file://' and ending with a terminating NULL byte. This property can be unset even if the EAP method supports CA certificates, but this allows man-in-the-middle attacks and is NOT recommended.
ca-path string   UTF-8 encoded path to a directory containing PEM or DER formatted certificates to be added to the verification chain in addition to the certificate specified in the 'ca-cert' property.
subject-match string   Substring to be matched against the subject of the certificate presented by the authentication server. When unset, no verification of the authentication server certificate's subject is performed.
altsubject-matches array of string   List of strings to be matched against the altSubjectName of the certificate presented by the authentication server. If the list is empty, no verification of the server certificate's altSubjectName is performed.
client-cert byte array [] Contains the client certificate if used by the EAP method specified in the 'eap' property. Certificate data is specified using a 'scheme'; two are currently supported: blob and path. When using the blob scheme (which is backwards compatible with NM 0.7.x) this property should be set to the certificate's DER encoded data. When using the path scheme, this property should be set to the full UTF-8 encoded path of the certificate, prefixed with the string 'file://' and ending with a terminating NULL byte.
phase1-peapver string   Forces which PEAP version is used when PEAP is set as the EAP method in 'eap' property. When unset, the version reported by the server will be used. Sometimes when using older RADIUS servers, it is necessary to force the client to use a particular PEAP version. To do so, this property may be set to '0' or '1' to force that specific PEAP version.
phase1-peaplabel string   Forces use of the new PEAP label during key derivation. Some RADIUS servers may require forcing the new PEAP label to interoperate with PEAPv1. Set to '1' to force use of the new PEAP label. See the wpa_supplicant documentation for more details.
phase1-fast-provisioning string   Enables or disables in-line provisioning of EAP-FAST credentials when FAST is specified as the EAP method in the #NMSetting8021x:eap property. Allowed values are '0' (disabled), '1' (allow unauthenticated provisioning), '2' (allow authenticated provisioning), and '3' (allow both authenticated and unauthenticated provisioning). See the wpa_supplicant documentation for more details.
phase2-auth string   Specifies the allowed 'phase 2' inner non-EAP authentication methods when an EAP method that uses an inner TLS tunnel is specified in the 'eap' property. Recognized non-EAP phase2 methods are 'pap', 'chap', 'mschap', 'mschapv2', 'gtc', 'otp', 'md5', and 'tls'. Each 'phase 2' inner method requires specific parameters for successful authentication; see the wpa_supplicant documentation for more details.
phase2-autheap string   Specifies the allowed 'phase 2' inner EAP-based authentication methods when an EAP method that uses an inner TLS tunnel is specified in the 'eap' property. Recognized EAP-based 'phase 2' methods are 'md5', 'mschapv2', 'otp', 'gtc', and 'tls'. Each 'phase 2' inner method requires specific parameters for successful authentication; see the wpa_supplicant documentation for more details.
phase2-ca-cert byte array [] Contains the 'phase 2' CA certificate if used by the EAP method specified in the 'phase2-auth' or 'phase2-autheap' properties. Certificate data is specified using a 'scheme'; two are currentlysupported: blob and path. When using the blob scheme (which is backwards compatible with NM 0.7.x) this property should be set to the certificate's DER encoded data. When using the path scheme, this property should be set to the full UTF-8 encoded path of the certificate, prefixed with the string 'file://' and ending with a terminating NULL byte. This property can be unset even if the EAP method supports CA certificates, but this allows man-in-the-middle attacks and is NOT recommended.
phase2-ca-path string   UTF-8 encoded path to a directory containing PEM or DER formatted certificates to be added to the verification chain in addition to the certificate specified in the 'phase2-ca-cert' property.
phase2-subject-match string   Substring to be matched against the subject of the certificate presented by the authentication server during the inner 'phase2' authentication. When unset, no verification of the authentication server certificate's subject is performed.
phase2-altsubject-matches array of string   List of strings to be matched against List of strings to be matched against the altSubjectName of the certificate presented by the authentication server during the inner 'phase 2' authentication. If the list is empty, no verification of the server certificate's altSubjectName is performed.
phase2-client-cert byte array [] Contains the 'phase 2' client certificate if used by the EAP method specified in the 'phase2-auth' or 'phase2-autheap' properties. Certificate data is specified using a 'scheme'; two are currently supported: blob and path. When using the blob scheme (which is backwards compatible with NM 0.7.x) this property should be set to the certificate's DER encoded data. When using the path scheme, this property should be set to the full UTF-8 encoded path of the certificate, prefixed with the string 'file://' and ending with a terminating NULL byte.
password string   UTF-8 encoded password used for EAP authentication methods.
password-flags uint32 0 Flags indicating how to handle the 802.1x password. (see the section called “Secret flag types:” for flag values)
password-raw byte array [] Password used for EAP authentication methods, given as a byte array to allow passwords in other encodings than UTF-8 to be used. If both 'password' and 'password-raw' are given, 'password' is preferred.
password-raw-flags uint32 0 Flags indicating how to handle the 802.1x password byte array. (see the section called “Secret flag types:” for flag values)
private-key byte array [] Contains the private key when the 'eap' property is set to 'tls'. Key data is specified using a 'scheme'; two are currently supported: blob and path. When using the blob scheme and private keys, this property should be set to the key's encrypted PEM encoded data. When using private keys with the path scheme, this property should be set to the full UTF-8 encoded path of the key, prefixed with the string 'file://' and ending with a terminating NULL byte. When using PKCS#12 format private keys and the blob scheme, this property should be set to the PKCS#12 data and the 'private-key-password' property must be set to password used to decrypt the PKCS#12 certificate and key. When using PKCS#12 files and the path scheme, this property should be set to the full UTF-8 encoded path of the key, prefixed with the string 'file://' and and ending with a terminating NULL byte, and as with the blob scheme the 'private-key-password' property must be set to the password used to decode the PKCS#12 private key and certificate.
private-key-password string   The password used to decrypt the private key specified in the 'private-key' property when the private key either uses the path scheme, or if the private key is a PKCS#12 format key.
private-key-password-flags uint32 0 Flags indicating how to handle the 802.1x private key password. (see the section called “Secret flag types:” for flag values)
phase2-private-key byte array [] Contains the 'phase 2' inner private key when the 'phase2-auth' or 'phase2-autheap' property is set to 'tls'. Key data is specified using a 'scheme'; two are currently supported: blob and path. When using the blob scheme and private keys, this property should be set to the key's encrypted PEM encoded data. When using private keys with the path scheme, this property should be set to the full UTF-8 encoded path of the key, prefixed with the string 'file://' and ending with a terminating NULL byte. When using PKCS#12 format private keys and the blob scheme, this property should be set to the PKCS#12 data and the 'phase2-private-key-password' property must be set to password used to decrypt the PKCS#12 certificate and key. When using PKCS#12 files and the path scheme, this property should be set to the full UTF-8 encoded path of the key, prefixed with the string 'file://' and and ending with a terminating NULL byte, and as with the blob scheme the 'phase2-private-key-password' property must be set to the password used to decode the PKCS#12 private key and certificate.
phase2-private-key-password string   The password used to decrypt the 'phase 2' private key specified in the 'private-key' property when the phase2 private key either uses the path scheme, or if the phase2 private key is a PKCS#12 format key.
phase2-private-key-password-flags uint32 0 Flags indicating how to handle the 802.1x phase2 private key password. (see the section called “Secret flag types:” for flag values)
pin string   PIN used for EAP authentication methods.
pin-flags uint32 0 Flags indicating how to handle the 802.1x PIN. (see the section called “Secret flag types:” for flag values)
system-ca-certs boolean FALSE When TRUE, overrides 'ca-path' and 'phase2-ca-path' properties using the system CA directory specified at configure time with the --system-ca-path switch. The certificates in this directory are added to the verification chain in addition to any certificates specified by the 'ca-cert' and 'phase2-ca-cert' properties.
 
 
 
Table 2. adsl setting
Key Name Value Type Default Value Value Description
name string adsl The setting's name; these names are defined by the specification and cannot be changed after the object has been created. Each setting class has a name, and all objects of that class share the same name.
username string   Username used to authenticate with the pppoa service.
password string   Password used to authenticate with the pppoa service.
password-flags uint32 0 Flags indicating how to handle the ADSL password. (see the section called “Secret flag types:” for flag values)
protocol string   ADSL connection protocol.
encapsulation string   Encapsulation of ADSL connection
vpi uint32 0 VPI of ADSL connection
vci uint32 0 VCI of ADSL connection
 
 
 
Table 3. bluetooth setting
Key Name Value Type Default Value Value Description
name string bluetooth The setting's name; these names are defined by the specification and cannot be changed after the object has been created. Each setting class has a name, and all objects of that class share the same name.
bdaddr byte array [] The Bluetooth address of the device
type string   Either 'dun' for Dial-Up Networking connections or 'panu' for Personal Area Networking connections.
 
 
 
Table 4. bond setting
Key Name Value Type Default Value Value Description
name string bond The setting's name; these names are defined by the specification and cannot be changed after the object has been created. Each setting class has a name, and all objects of that class share the same name.
interface-name string   The name of the virtual in-kernel bonding network interface
options dict of (string::string)   Dictionary of key/value pairs of bonding options. Both keys and values must be strings. Option names must contain only alphanumeric characters (ie, [a-zA-Z0-9]).
 
 
 
Table 5. bridge setting
Key Name Value Type Default Value Value Description
name string bridge The setting's name; these names are defined by the specification and cannot be changed after the object has been created. Each setting class has a name, and all objects of that class share the same name.
interface-name string   The name of the virtual in-kernel bridging network interface
mac-address byte array [] The MAC address of the bridge
stp boolean TRUE Controls whether Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) is enabled for this bridge.
priority uint32 32768 Sets the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) priority for this bridge. Lower values are 'better'; the lowest priority bridge will be elected the root bridge.
forward-delay uint32 15 The Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) forwarding delay, in seconds.
hello-time uint32 2 The Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) hello time, in seconds.
max-age uint32 20 The Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) maximum message age, in seconds.
ageing-time uint32 300 The Ethernet MAC address aging time, in seconds.
 
 
 
Table 6. bridge-port setting
Key Name Value Type Default Value Value Description
name string bridge-port The setting's name; these names are defined by the specification and cannot be changed after the object has been created. Each setting class has a name, and all objects of that class share the same name.
priority uint32 32 The Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) priority of this bridge port
path-cost uint32 100 The Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) port cost for destinations via this port.
hairpin-mode boolean FALSE Enables or disabled 'hairpin mode' for the port, which allows frames to be sent back out through the port the frame was received on.
 
 
 
Table 7. cdma setting
Key Name Value Type Default Value Value Description
name string cdma The setting's name; these names are defined by the specification and cannot be changed after the object has been created. Each setting class has a name, and all objects of that class share the same name.
number string   Number to dial when establishing a PPP data session with the CDMA-based mobile broadband network. If not specified, the default number (#777) is used when required.
username string   Username used to authenticate with the network, if required. Note that many providers do not require a username or accept any username.
password string   Password used to authenticate with the network, if required. Note that many providers do not require a password or accept any password.
password-flags uint32 0 Flags indicating how to handle the CDMA password. (see the section called “Secret flag types:” for flag values)
 
 
 
Table 8. connection setting
Key Name Value Type Default Value Value Description
name string connection The setting's name; these names are defined by the specification and cannot be changed after the object has been created. Each setting class has a name, and all objects of that class share the same name.
id string   User-readable connection identifier/name. Must be one or more characters and may change over the lifetime of the connection if the user decides to rename it.
uuid string   Universally unique connection identifier. Must be in the format '2815492f-7e56-435e-b2e9-246bd7cdc664' (ie, contains only hexadecimal characters and '-'). The UUID should be assigned when the connection is created and never changed as long as the connection still applies to the same network. For example, it should not be changed when the user changes the connection's 'id', but should be recreated when the Wi-Fi SSID, mobile broadband network provider, or the connection type changes.
interface-name string   Interface name this connection is bound to. If not set, then the connection can be attached to any interface of the appropriate type (subject to restrictions imposed by other settings). For connection types where interface names cannot easily be made persistent (e.g. mobile broadband or USB Ethernet), this property should not be used. Setting this property restricts the interfaces a connection can be used with, and if interface names change or are reordered the connection may be applied to the wrong interface.
type string   Base type of the connection. For hardware-dependent connections, should contain the setting name of the hardware-type specific setting (ie, '802-3-ethernet' or '802-11-wireless' or 'bluetooth', etc), and for non-hardware dependent connections like VPN or otherwise, should contain the setting name of that setting type (ie, 'vpn' or 'bridge', etc).
permissions array of string   An array of strings defining what access a given user has to this connection. If this is NULL or empty, all users are allowed to access this connection. Otherwise a user is allowed to access this connection if and only if they are in this array. Each entry is of the form "[type]:[id]:[reserved]", for example: "user:dcbw:blah" At this time only the 'user' [type] is allowed. Any other values are ignored and reserved for future use. [id] is the username that this permission refers to, which may not contain the ':' character. Any [reserved] information (if present) must be ignored and is reserved for future use. All of [type], [id], and [reserved] must be valid UTF-8.
autoconnect boolean TRUE If TRUE, NetworkManager will activate this connection when its network resources are available. If FALSE, the connection must be manually activated by the user or some other mechanism.
timestamp uint64 0 Timestamp (in seconds since the Unix Epoch) that the connection was last successfully activated. NetworkManager updates the connection timestamp periodically when the connection is active to ensure that an active connection has the latest timestamp. The property is only meant for reading (changes to this property will not be preserved).
read-only boolean FALSE If TRUE, the connection is read-only and cannot be changed by the user or any other mechanism. This is normally set for system connections whose plugin cannot yet write updated connections back out.
zone string   The trust level of a the connection.Free form case-insensitive string (for example "Home", "Work", "Public"). NULL or unspecified zone means the connection will be placed in the default zone as defined by the firewall.
master string   Interface name of the master device or UUID of the master connection
slave-type string   Setting name describing the type of slave this connection is (ie, 'bond') or NULL if this connection is not a slave.
secondaries array of string   List of connection UUIDs that should be activated when the base connection itself is activated. Currently only VPN connections are supported.
gateway-ping-timeout uint32 0 If greater than zero, delay success of IP addressing until either the timeout is reached, or an IP gateway replies to a ping.
 
 
 
Table 9. dcb setting
Key Name Value Type Default Value Value Description
name string dcb The setting's name; these names are defined by the specification and cannot be changed after the object has been created. Each setting class has a name, and all objects of that class share the same name.
app-fcoe-flags uint32 0 Specifies the flags for the DCB FCoE application. Flags may be any combination of 0x1 (enable), 0x2 (advertise), and 0x4 (willing). (see the section called “Secret flag types:” for flag values)
app-fcoe-priority int32 -1 The highest User Priority (0 - 7) which FCoE frames should use, or -1 for default priority. Only used when the 'app-fcoe-flags' property includes the 'enabled' flag.
app-fcoe-mode string "fabric" The FCoe controller mode; either 'fabric' (default) or 'vn2vn'.
app-iscsi-flags uint32 0 Specifies the flags for the DCB iSCSI application. Flags may be any combination of 0x1 (enable), 0x2 (advertise), and 0x4 (willing). (see the section called “Secret flag types:” for flag values)
app-iscsi-priority int32 -1 The highest User Priority (0 - 7) which iSCSI frames should use, or -1 for default priority. Only used when the 'app-iscsi-flags' property includes the 'enabled' flag.
app-fip-flags uint32 0 Specifies the flags for the DCB FIP application. Flags may be any combination of 0x1 (enable), 0x2 (advertise), and 0x4 (willing). (see the section called “Secret flag types:” for flag values)
app-fip-priority int32 -1 The highest User Priority (0 - 7) which FIP frames should use, or -1 for default priority. Only used when the 'app-fip-flags' property includes the 'enabled' flag.
priority-flow-control-flags uint32 0 Specifies the flags for DCB Priority Flow Control. Flags may be any combination of 0x1 (enable), 0x2 (advertise), and 0x4 (willing). (see the section called “Secret flag types:” for flag values)
priority-flow-control array of uint32   An array of 8 uint values, where the array index corresponds to the User Priority (0 - 7) and the value indicates whether or not the corresponding priority should transmit priority pause. Allowed values are 0 (do not transmit pause) and 1 (transmit pause).
priority-group-flags uint32 0 Specifies the flags for DCB Priority Groups. Flags may be any combination of 0x1 (enable), 0x2 (advertise), and 0x4 (willing). (see the section called “Secret flag types:” for flag values)
priority-group-id array of uint32   An array of 8 uint values, where the array index corresponds to the User Priority (0 - 7) and the value indicates the Priority Group ID. Allowed Priority Group ID values are 0 - 7 or 15 for the unrestricted group.
priority-group-bandwidth array of uint32   An array of 8 uint values, where the array index corresponds to the Priority Group ID (0 - 7) and the value indicates the percentage of link bandwidth allocated to that group. Allowed values are 0 - 100, and the sum of all values must total 100 percent.
priority-bandwidth array of uint32   An array of 8 uint values, where the array index corresponds to the User Priority (0 - 7) and the value indicates the percentage of bandwidth of the priority's assigned group that the priority may use. The sum of all percentages for priorities which belong to the same group must total 100 percent.
priority-strict-bandwidth array of uint32   An array of 8 uint values, where the array index corresponds to the User Priority (0 - 7) and the value indicates whether or not the priority may use all of the bandwidth allocated to its assigned group. Allowed values are 0 (the priority may not utilize all bandwidth) or 1 (the priority may utilize all bandwidth).
priority-traffic-class array of uint32   An array of 8 uint values, where the array index corresponds to the User Priority (0 - 7) and the value indicates the traffic class (0 - 7) to which the priority is mapped.
 
 
 
Table 10. gsm setting
Key Name Value Type Default Value Value Description
name string gsm The setting's name; these names are defined by the specification and cannot be changed after the object has been created. Each setting class has a name, and all objects of that class share the same name.
number string   Number to dial when establishing a PPP data session with the GSM-based mobile broadband network. Many modems do not require PPP for connections to the mobile network and thus this property should be left blank, which allows NetworkManager to select the appropriate settings automatically.
username string   Username used to authenticate with the network, if required. Note that many providers do not require a username or accept any username.
password string   Password used to authenticate with the network, if required. Note that many providers do not require a password or accept any password.
password-flags uint32 0 Flags indicating how to handle the GSM password. (see the section called “Secret flag types:” for flag values)
apn string   The GPRS Access Point Name specifying the APN used when establishing a data session with the GSM-based network. The APN often determines how the user will be billed for their network usage and whether the user has access to the Internet or just a provider-specific walled-garden, so it is important to use the correct APN for the user's mobile broadband plan. The APN may only be composed of the characters a-z, 0-9, ., and - per GSM 03.60 Section 14.9.
network-id string   The Network ID (GSM LAI format, ie MCC-MNC) to force specific network registration. If the Network ID is specified, NetworkManager will attempt to force the device to register only on the specified network. This can be used to ensure that the device does not roam when direct roaming control of the device is not otherwise possible.
network-type int32 -1 Network preference to force the device to only use specific network technologies. The permitted values are: -1: any, 0: 3G only, 1: GPRS/EDGE only, 2: prefer 3G, 3: prefer 2G, 4: prefer 4G/LTE, 5: 4G/LTE only. Notes: This property is deprecated and NetworkManager from 0.9.10 onwards doesn't use this property when talking to ModemManager.Also, not all devices allow network preference control.
pin string   If the SIM is locked with a PIN it must be unlocked before any other operations are requested. Specify the PIN here to allow operation of the device.
pin-flags uint32 0 Flags indicating how to handle the GSM SIM PIN. (see the section called “Secret flag types:” for flag values)
allowed-bands uint32 1 Bitfield of allowed frequency bands.Notes: This property is deprecated and NetworkManager from 0.9.10 onwards doesn't use this property when talking to ModemManager.Also, not all devices allow frequency band control.
home-only boolean FALSE When TRUE, only connections to the home network will be allowed. Connections to roaming networks will not be made.
 
 
 
Table 11. infiniband setting
Key Name Value Type Default Value Value Description
name string infiniband The setting's name; these names are defined by the specification and cannot be changed after the object has been created. Each setting class has a name, and all objects of that class share the same name.
mac-address byte array [] If specified, this connection will only apply to the IPoIB device whose permanent MAC address matches. This property does not change the MAC address of the device (i.e. MAC spoofing).
mtu uint32 0 If non-zero, only transmit packets of the specified size or smaller, breaking larger packets up into multiple frames.
transport-mode string   The IPoIB transport mode. Either 'datagram' or 'connected'.
p-key int32 -1 The InfiniBand P_Key. Either -1 for the default, or a 16-bit unsigned integer.
parent string   The interface name of the parent device, or NULL
 
 
 
Table 12. ipv4 setting
Key Name Value Type Default Value Value Description
name string ipv4 The setting's name; these names are defined by the specification and cannot be changed after the object has been created. Each setting class has a name, and all objects of that class share the same name.
method string   IPv4 configuration method. If 'auto' is specified then the appropriate automatic method (DHCP, PPP, etc) is used for the interface and most other properties can be left unset. If 'link-local' is specified, then a link-local address in the 169.254/16 range will be assigned to the interface. If 'manual' is specified, static IP addressing is used and at least one IP address must be given in the 'addresses' property. If 'shared' is specified (indicating that this connection will provide network access to other computers) then the interface is assigned an address in the 10.42.x.1/24 range and a DHCP and forwarding DNS server are started, and the interface is NAT-ed to the current default network connection. 'disabled' means IPv4 will not be used on this connection. This property must be set.
dns array of uint32   List of DNS servers (network byte order). For the 'auto' method, these DNS servers are appended to those (if any) returned by automatic configuration. DNS servers cannot be used with the 'shared', 'link-local', or 'disabled' methods as there is no upstream network. In all other methods, these DNS servers are used as the only DNS servers for this connection.
dns-search array of string   List of DNS search domains. For the 'auto' method, these search domains are appended to those returned by automatic configuration. Search domains cannot be used with the 'shared', 'link-local', or 'disabled' methods as there is no upstream network. In all other methods, these search domains are used as the only search domains for this connection.
addresses array of array of uint32   Array of IPv4 address structures. Each IPv4 address structure is composed of 3 32-bit values; the first being the IPv4 address (network byte order), the second the prefix (1 - 32), and last the IPv4 gateway (network byte order). The gateway may be left as 0 if no gateway exists for that subnet. For the 'auto' method, given IP addresses are appended to those returned by automatic configuration. Addresses cannot be used with the 'shared', 'link-local', or 'disabled' methods as addressing is either automatic or disabled with these methods.
address-labels array of string   Internal use only
routes array of array of uint32   Array of IPv4 route structures. Each IPv4 route structure is composed of 4 32-bit values; the first being the destination IPv4 network or address (network byte order), the second the destination network or address prefix (1 - 32), the third being the next-hop (network byte order) if any, and the fourth being the route metric. For the 'auto' method, given IP routes are appended to those returned by automatic configuration. Routes cannot be used with the 'shared', 'link-local', or 'disabled', methods as there is no upstream network.
ignore-auto-routes boolean FALSE When the method is set to 'auto' and this property to TRUE, automatically configured routes are ignored and only routes specified in the 'routes' property, if any, are used.
ignore-auto-dns boolean FALSE When the method is set to 'auto' and this property to TRUE, automatically configured nameservers and search domains are ignored and only nameservers and search domains specified in the 'dns' and 'dns-search' properties, if any, are used.
dhcp-client-id string   A string sent to the DHCP server to identify the local machine which the DHCP server may use to customize the DHCP lease and options.
dhcp-send-hostname boolean TRUE If TRUE, a hostname is sent to the DHCP server when acquiring a lease. Some DHCP servers use this hostname to update DNS databases, essentially providing a static hostname for the computer. If the 'dhcp-hostname' property is empty and this property is TRUE, the current persistent hostname of the computer is sent.
dhcp-hostname string   If the 'dhcp-send-hostname' property is TRUE, then the specified name will be sent to the DHCP server when acquiring a lease.
never-default boolean FALSE If TRUE, this connection will never be the default IPv4 connection, meaning it will never be assigned the default route by NetworkManager.
may-fail boolean TRUE If TRUE, allow overall network configuration to proceed even if IPv4 configuration times out. Note that at least one IP configuration must succeed or overall network configuration will still fail. For example, in IPv6-only networks, setting this property to TRUE allows the overall network configuration to succeed if IPv4 configuration fails but IPv6 configuration completes successfully.
 
 
 
Table 13. ipv6 setting
Key Name Value Type Default Value Value Description
name string ipv6 The setting's name; these names are defined by the specification and cannot be changed after the object has been created. Each setting class has a name, and all objects of that class share the same name.
method string   IPv6 configuration method. If 'auto' is specified then the appropriate automatic method (PPP, router advertisement, etc) is used for the device and most other properties can be left unset. To force the use of DHCP only, specify 'dhcp'; this method is only valid for Ethernet-based hardware. If 'link-local' is specified, then an IPv6 link-local address will be assigned to the interface. If 'manual' is specified, static IP addressing is used and at least one IP address must be given in the 'addresses' property. If 'ignore' is specified, IPv6 configuration is not done. This property must be set. Note: the 'shared' method is not yet supported.
dhcp-hostname string   The specified name will be sent to the DHCP server when acquiring a lease.
dns array of byte array   Array of DNS servers, where each member of the array is a byte array containing the IPv6 address of the DNS server (in network byte order). For the 'auto' method, these DNS servers are appended to those (if any) returned by automatic configuration. DNS servers cannot be used with the 'shared' or 'link-local' methods as there is no usptream network. In all other methods, these DNS servers are used as the only DNS servers for this connection.
dns-search array of string   List of DNS search domains. For the 'auto' method, these search domains are appended to those returned by automatic configuration. Search domains cannot be used with the 'shared' or 'link-local' methods as there is no upstream network. In all other methods, these search domains are used as the only search domains for this connection.
addresses array of (byte array, uint32, byte array)   Array of IPv6 address structures. Each IPv6 address structure is composed of 3 members, the first being a byte array containing the IPv6 address (network byte order), the second a 32-bit integer containing the IPv6 address prefix, and the third a byte array containing the IPv6 address (network byte order) of the gateway associated with this address, if any. If no gateway is given, the third element should be given as all zeros. For the 'auto' method, given IP addresses are appended to those returned by automatic configuration. Addresses cannot be used with the 'shared' or 'link-local' methods as the interface is automatically assigned an address with these methods.
routes array of (byte array, uint32, byte array, uint32)   Array of IPv6 route structures. Each IPv6 route structure is composed of 4 members; the first being the destination IPv6 network or address (network byte order) as a byte array, the second the destination network or address IPv6 prefix, the third being the next-hop IPv6 address (network byte order) if any, and the fourth being the route metric. For the 'auto' method, given IP routes are appended to those returned by automatic configuration. Routes cannot be used with the 'shared' or 'link-local' methods because there is no upstream network.
ignore-auto-routes boolean FALSE When the method is set to 'auto' or 'dhcp' and this property is set to TRUE, automatically configured routes are ignored and only routes specified in the 'routes' property, if any, are used.
ignore-auto-dns boolean FALSE When the method is set to 'auto' or 'dhcp' and this property is set to TRUE, automatically configured nameservers and search domains are ignored and only nameservers and search domains specified in the 'dns' and 'dns-search' properties, if any, are used.
never-default boolean FALSE If TRUE, this connection will never be the default IPv6 connection, meaning it will never be assigned the default IPv6 route by NetworkManager.
may-fail boolean TRUE If TRUE, allow overall network configuration to proceed even if IPv6 configuration times out. Note that at least one IP configuration must succeed or overall network configuration will still fail. For example, in IPv4-only networks, setting this property to TRUE allows the overall network configuration to succeed if IPv6 configuration fails but IPv4 configuration completes successfully.
ip6-privacy int32 -1 Configure IPv6 Privacy Extensions for SLAAC, described in RFC4941. If enabled, it makes the kernel generate a temporary IPv6 address in addition to the public one generated from MAC address via modified EUI-64. This enhances privacy, but could cause problems in some applications, on the other hand. The permitted values are: 0: disabled, 1: enabled (prefer public address), 2: enabled (prefer temporary addresses).
 
 
 
Table 14. 802-11-olpc-mesh setting
Key Name Value Type Default Value Value Description
name string 802-11-olpc-mesh The setting's name; these names are defined by the specification and cannot be changed after the object has been created. Each setting class has a name, and all objects of that class share the same name.
ssid byte array [] SSID of the mesh network to join.
channel uint32 0 Channel on which the mesh network to join is located.
dhcp-anycast-address byte array [] Anycast DHCP MAC address used when requesting an IP address via DHCP. The specific anycast address used determines which DHCP server class answers the the request.
 
 
 
Table 15. ppp setting
Key Name Value Type Default Value Value Description
name string ppp The setting's name; these names are defined by the specification and cannot be changed after the object has been created. Each setting class has a name, and all objects of that class share the same name.
noauth boolean TRUE If TRUE, do not require the other side (usually the PPP server) to authenticate itself to the client. If FALSE, require authentication from the remote side. In almost all cases, this should be TRUE.
refuse-eap boolean FALSE If TRUE, the EAP authentication method will not be used.
refuse-pap boolean FALSE If TRUE, the PAP authentication method will not be used.
refuse-chap boolean FALSE If TRUE, the CHAP authentication method will not be used.
refuse-mschap boolean FALSE If TRUE, the MSCHAP authentication method will not be used.
refuse-mschapv2 boolean FALSE If TRUE, the MSCHAPv2 authentication method will not be used.
nobsdcomp boolean FALSE If TRUE, BSD compression will not be requested.
nodeflate boolean FALSE If TRUE, 'deflate' compression will not be requested.
no-vj-comp boolean FALSE If TRUE, Van Jacobsen TCP header compression will not be requested.
require-mppe boolean FALSE If TRUE, MPPE (Microsoft Point-to-Point Encrpytion) will be required for the PPP session. If either 64-bit or 128-bit MPPE is not available the session will fail. Note that MPPE is not used on mobile broadband connections.
require-mppe-128 boolean FALSE If TRUE, 128-bit MPPE (Microsoft Point-to-Point Encrpytion) will be required for the PPP session, and the 'require-mppe' property must also be set to TRUE. If 128-bit MPPE is not available the session will fail.
mppe-stateful boolean FALSE If TRUE, stateful MPPE is used. See pppd documentation for more information on stateful MPPE.
crtscts boolean FALSE If TRUE, specify that pppd should set the serial port to use hardware flow control with RTS and CTS signals. This value should normally be set to FALSE.
baud uint32 0 If non-zero, instruct pppd to set the serial port to the specified baudrate. This value should normally be left as 0 to automatically choose the speed.
mru uint32 0 If non-zero, instruct pppd to request that the peer send packets no larger than the specified size. If non-zero, the MRU should be between 128 and 16384.
mtu uint32 0 If non-zero, instruct pppd to send packets no larger than the specified size.
lcp-echo-failure uint32 0 If non-zero, instruct pppd to presume the connection to the peer has failed if the specified number of LCP echo-requests go unanswered by the peer. The 'lcp-echo-interval' property must also be set to a non-zero value if this property is used.
lcp-echo-interval uint32 0 If non-zero, instruct pppd to send an LCP echo-request frame to the peer every n seconds (where n is the specified value). Note that some PPP peers will respond to echo requests and some will not, and it is not possible to autodetect this.
 
 
 
Table 16. pppoe setting
Key Name Value Type Default Value Value Description
name string pppoe The setting's name; these names are defined by the specification and cannot be changed after the object has been created. Each setting class has a name, and all objects of that class share the same name.
service string   If specified, instruct PPPoE to only initiate sessions with access concentrators that provide the specified service. For most providers, this should be left blank. It is only required if there are multiple access concentrators or a specific service is known to be required.
username string   Username used to authenticate with the PPPoE service.
password string   Password used to authenticate with the PPPoE service.
password-flags uint32 0 Flags indicating how to handle the PPPoE password. (see the section called “Secret flag types:” for flag values)
 
 
 
Table 17. serial setting
Key Name Value Type Default Value Value Description
name string serial The setting's name; these names are defined by the specification and cannot be changed after the object has been created. Each setting class has a name, and all objects of that class share the same name.
baud uint32 57600 Speed to use for communication over the serial port. Note that this value usually has no effect for mobile broadband modems as they generally ignore speed settings and use the highest available speed.
bits uint32 8 Byte-width of the serial communication. The 8 in '8n1' for example.
parity gchar 110 Parity setting of the serial port. Either 'E' for even parity, 'o' for odd parity, or 'n' for no parity.
stopbits uint32 1 Number of stop bits for communication on the serial port. Either 1 or 2. The 1 in '8n1' for example.
send-delay uint64 0 Time to delay between each byte sent to the modem, in microseconds.
 
 
 
Table 18. team setting
Key Name Value Type Default Value Value Description
name string team The setting's name; these names are defined by the specification and cannot be changed after the object has been created. Each setting class has a name, and all objects of that class share the same name.
interface-name string   The name of the virtual in-kernel team network interface
config string   JSON configuration for the team network interface. The property should contain raw JSON configuration data suitable for teamd, because the value is passed directly to teamd. If not specified, the default configuration is used. See man teamd.conf for the format details.
 
 
 
Table 19. team-port setting
Key Name Value Type Default Value Value Description
name string team-port The setting's name; these names are defined by the specification and cannot be changed after the object has been created. Each setting class has a name, and all objects of that class share the same name.
config string   JSON configuration for the team port. The property should contain raw JSON configuration data suitable for teamd, because the value is passed directly to teamd. If not specified, the dafault configuration is used. See man teamd.conf for the format details.
 
 
 
Table 20. vlan setting
Key Name Value Type Default Value Value Description
name string vlan The setting's name; these names are defined by the specification and cannot be changed after the object has been created. Each setting class has a name, and all objects of that class share the same name.
interface-name string   If given, specifies the kernel name of the VLAN interface. If not given, a default name will be constructed from the interface described by the parent interface and the 'id' property, ex 'eth2.1'. The parent interface may be given by the 'parent' property or by the 'mac-address' property of a 'wired' setting.
parent string   If given, specifies the parent interface name or parent connection UUID from which this VLAN interface should be created. If this property is not specified, the connection must contain a 'wired' setting with a 'mac-address' property.
id uint32 0 The VLAN indentifier the interface created by this connection should be assigned.
flags uint32 0 One or more flags which control the behavior and features of the VLAN interface. Flags include reordering of output packet headers (0x01), use of the GVRP protocol (0x02), and loose binding of the interface to its master device's operating state (0x04).
ingress-priority-map array of string   For incoming packets, a list of mappings from 802.1p priorities to Linux SKB priorities. The mapping is given in the format 'from:to' where both 'from' and 'to' are unsigned integers, ie '7:3'.
egress-priority-map array of string   For outgoing packets, a list of mappings from Linux SKB priorities to 802.1p priorities. The mapping is given in the format 'from:to' where both 'from' and 'to' are unsigned integers, ie '7:3'.
 
 
 
Table 21. vpn setting
Key Name Value Type Default Value Value Description
name string vpn The setting's name; these names are defined by the specification and cannot be changed after the object has been created. Each setting class has a name, and all objects of that class share the same name.
service-type string   D-Bus service name of the VPN plugin that this setting uses to connect to its network. i.e. org.freedesktop.NetworkManager.vpnc for the vpnc plugin.
user-name string   If the VPN connection requires a user name for authentication, that name should be provided here. If the connection is available to more than one user, and the VPN requires each user to supply a different name, then leave this property empty. If this property is empty, NetworkManager will automatically supply the username of the user which requested the VPN connection.
data dict of (string::string)   Dictionary of key/value pairs of VPN plugin specific data. Both keys and values must be strings.
secrets dict of (string::string)   Dictionary of key/value pairs of VPN plugin specific secrets like passwords or private keys. Both keys and values must be strings.
 
 
 
Table 22. wimax setting
Key Name Value Type Default Value Value Description
name string wimax The setting's name; these names are defined by the specification and cannot be changed after the object has been created. Each setting class has a name, and all objects of that class share the same name.
network-name string   Network Service Provider (NSP) name of the WiMAX network this connection should use.
mac-address byte array [] If specified, this connection will only apply to the WiMAX device whose MAC address matches. This property does not change the MAC address of the device (known as MAC spoofing).
 
 
 
Table 23. 802-3-ethernet setting
Key Name Value Type Default Value Value Description
name string 802-3-ethernet The setting's name; these names are defined by the specification and cannot be changed after the object has been created. Each setting class has a name, and all objects of that class share the same name.
port string   Specific port type to use if multiple the device supports multiple attachment methods. One of 'tp' (Twisted Pair), 'aui' (Attachment Unit Interface), 'bnc' (Thin Ethernet) or 'mii' (Media Independent Interface. If the device supports only one port type, this setting is ignored.
speed uint32 0 If non-zero, request that the device use only the specified speed. In Mbit/s, ie 100 == 100Mbit/s.
duplex string   If specified, request that the device only use the specified duplex mode. Either 'half' or 'full'.
auto-negotiate boolean TRUE If TRUE, allow auto-negotiation of port speed and duplex mode. If FALSE, do not allow auto-negotiation,in which case the 'speed' and 'duplex' properties should be set.
mac-address byte array [] If specified, this connection will only apply to the Ethernet device whose permanent MAC address matches. This property does not change the MAC address of the device (i.e. MAC spoofing).
cloned-mac-address byte array [] If specified, request that the device use this MAC address instead of its permanent MAC address. This is known as MAC cloning or spoofing.
mac-address-blacklist array of string   If specified, this connection will never apply to the Ethernet device whose permanent MAC address matches an address in the list. Each MAC address is in the standard hex-digits-and-colons notation (00:11:22:33:44:55).
mtu uint32 0 If non-zero, only transmit packets of the specified size or smaller, breaking larger packets up into multiple Ethernet frames.
s390-subchannels array of string   Identifies specific subchannels that this network device uses for communcation with z/VM or s390 host. Like the 'mac-address' property for non-z/VM devices, this property can be used to ensure this connection only applies to the network device that uses these subchannels. The list should contain exactly 3 strings, and each string may only be composed of hexadecimal characters and the period (.) character.
s390-nettype string   s390 network device type; one of 'qeth', 'lcs', or 'ctc', representing the different types of virtual network devices available on s390 systems.
s390-options dict of (string::string)   Dictionary of key/value pairs of s390-specific device options. Both keys and values must be strings. Allowed keys include 'portno', 'layer2', 'portname', 'protocol', among others.
 
 
 
Table 24. 802-11-wireless setting
Key Name Value Type Default Value Value Description
name string 802-11-wireless The setting's name; these names are defined by the specification and cannot be changed after the object has been created. Each setting class has a name, and all objects of that class share the same name.
ssid byte array [] SSID of the Wi-Fi network. Must be specified.
mode string   Wi-Fi network mode; one of 'infrastructure', 'adhoc' or 'ap'. If blank, infrastructure is assumed.
band string   802.11 frequency band of the network. One of 'a' for 5GHz 802.11a or 'bg' for 2.4GHz 802.11. This will lock associations to the Wi-Fi network to the specific band, i.e. if 'a' is specified, the device will not associate with the same network in the 2.4GHz band even if the network's settings are compatible. This setting depends on specific driver capability and may not work with all drivers.
channel uint32 0 Wireless channel to use for the Wi-Fi connection. The device will only join (or create for Ad-Hoc networks) a Wi-Fi network on the specified channel. Because channel numbers overlap between bands, this property also requires the 'band' property to be set.
bssid byte array [] If specified, directs the device to only associate with the given access point. This capability is highly driver dependent and not supported by all devices. Note: this property does not control the BSSID used when creating an Ad-Hoc network and is unlikely to in the future.
rate uint32 0 If non-zero, directs the device to only use the specified bitrate for communication with the access point. Units are in Kb/s, ie 5500 = 5.5 Mbit/s. This property is highly driver dependent and not all devices support setting a static bitrate.
tx-power uint32 0 If non-zero, directs the device to use the specified transmit power. Units are dBm. This property is highly driver dependent and not all devices support setting a static transmit power.
mac-address byte array [] If specified, this connection will only apply to the Wi-Fi device whose permanent MAC address matches. This property does not change the MAC address of the device (i.e. MAC spoofing).
cloned-mac-address byte array [] If specified, request that the Wi-Fi device use this MAC address instead of its permanent MAC address. This is known as MAC cloning or spoofing.
mac-address-blacklist array of string   A list of permanent MAC addresses of Wi-Fi devices to which this connection should never apply. Each MAC address should be given in the standard hex-digits-and-colons notation (eg '00:11:22:33:44:55').
mtu uint32 0 If non-zero, only transmit packets of the specified size or smaller, breaking larger packets up into multiple Ethernet frames.
seen-bssids array of string   A list of BSSIDs (each BSSID formatted as a MAC address like 00:11:22:33:44:55') that have been detected as part of the Wi-Fi network. NetworkManager internally tracks previously seen BSSIDs. The property is only meant for reading and reflects the BSSID list of NetworkManager. The changes you make to this property will not be preserved.
security string   If the wireless connection has any security restrictions, like 802.1x, WEP, or WPA, set this property to '802-11-wireless-security' and ensure the connection contains a valid 802-11-wireless-security setting.
hidden boolean FALSE If TRUE, indicates this network is a non-broadcasting network that hides its SSID. In this case various workarounds may take place, such as probe-scanning the SSID for more reliable network discovery. However, these workarounds expose inherent insecurities with hidden SSID networks, and thus hidden SSID networks should be used with caution.
 
 
 
Table 25. 802-11-wireless-security setting
Key Name Value Type Default Value Value Description
name string 802-11-wireless-security The setting's name; these names are defined by the specification and cannot be changed after the object has been created. Each setting class has a name, and all objects of that class share the same name.
key-mgmt string   Key management used for the connection. One of 'none' (WEP), 'ieee8021x' (Dynamic WEP), 'wpa-none' (WPA-PSK Ad-Hoc), 'wpa-psk' (infrastructure WPA-PSK), or 'wpa-eap' (WPA-Enterprise). This property must be set for any Wi-Fi connection that uses security.
wep-tx-keyidx uint32 0 When static WEP is used (ie, key-mgmt = 'none') and a non-default WEP key index is used by the AP, put that WEP key index here. Valid values are 0 (default key) through 3. Note that some consumer access points (like the Linksys WRT54G) number the keys 1 - 4.
auth-alg string   When WEP is used (ie, key-mgmt = 'none' or 'ieee8021x') indicate the 802.11 authentication algorithm required by the AP here. One of 'open' for Open System, 'shared' for Shared Key, or 'leap' for Cisco LEAP. When using Cisco LEAP (ie, key-mgmt = 'ieee8021x' and auth-alg = 'leap') the 'leap-username' and 'leap-password' properties must be specified.
proto array of string   List of strings specifying the allowed WPA protocol versions to use. Each element may be one 'wpa' (allow WPA) or 'rsn' (allow WPA2/RSN). If not specified, both WPA and RSN connections are allowed.
pairwise array of string   A list of pairwise encryption algorithms which prevents connections to Wi-Fi networks that do not utilize one of the algorithms in the list. For maximum compatibility leave this property empty. Each list element may be one of 'tkip' or 'ccmp'.
group array of string   A list of group/broadcast encryption algorithms which prevents connections to Wi-Fi networks that do not utilize one of the algorithms in the list. For maximum compatibility leave this property empty. Each list element may be one of 'wep40', 'wep104', 'tkip', or 'ccmp'.
leap-username string   The login username for legacy LEAP connections (ie, key-mgmt = 'ieee8021x' and auth-alg = 'leap').
wep-key0 string   Index 0 WEP key. This is the WEP key used in most networks. See the 'wep-key-type' property for a description of how this key is interpreted.
wep-key1 string   Index 1 WEP key. This WEP index is not used by most networks. See the 'wep-key-type' property for a description of how this key is interpreted.
wep-key2 string   Index 2 WEP key. This WEP index is not used by most networks. See the 'wep-key-type' property for a description of how this key is interpreted.
wep-key3 string   Index 3 WEP key. This WEP index is not used by most networks. See the 'wep-key-type' property for a description of how this key is interpreted.
wep-key-flags uint32 0 Flags indicating how to handle the WEP keys. (see the section called “Secret flag types:” for flag values)
wep-key-type uint32 0 Controls the interpretation of WEP keys. Allowed values are 1 (interpret WEP keys as hexadecimal or ASCII keys) or 2 (interpret WEP keys as WEP Passphrases). If set to 1 and the keys are hexadecimal, they must be either 10 or 26 characters in length. If set to 1 and the keys are ASCII keys, they must be either 5 or 13 characters in length. If set to 2, the passphrase is hashed using the de-facto MD5 method to derive the actual WEP key.
psk string   Pre-Shared-Key for WPA networks. If the key is 64-characters long, it must contain only hexadecimal characters and is interpreted as a hexadecimal WPA key. Otherwise, the key must be between 8 and 63 ASCII characters (as specified in the 802.11i standard) and is interpreted as a WPA passphrase, and is hashed to derive the actual WPA-PSK used when connecting to the Wi-Fi network.
psk-flags uint32 0 Flags indicating how to handle the WPA PSK key. (see the section called “Secret flag types:” for flag values)
leap-password string   The login password for legacy LEAP connections (ie, key-mgmt = 'ieee8021x' and auth-alg = 'leap').
leap-password-flags uint32 0 Flags indicating how to handle the LEAP password. (see the section called “Secret flag types:” for flag values)
 

Secret flag types:

Each secret property in a setting has an associated
 
flags property that describes how to handle that secret. The flags property is a bitfield that contains zero or more of the following values logically OR-ed together.
 
•0x0 (none) - the system is responsible for providing and storing this secret.
 
•0x1 (agent-owned) - a user-session secret agent is responsible for providing and storing this secret; when it is required, agents will be asked to provide it.
 
•0x2 (not-saved) - this secret should not be saved but should be requested from the user each time it is required. This flag should be used for One-Time-Pad secrets, PIN codes from hardware tokens, or if the user simply does not want to save the secret.
 
•0x4 (not-required) - in some situations it cannot be automatically determined that a secret is required or not. This flag hints that the secret is not required and should not be requested from the user.

AUTHOR

NetworkManager developers

FILES

/etc/NetworkManager/system-connections
or distro plugin-specific location

SEE ALSO

https://live.gnome.org/NetworkManagerConfiguration
NetworkManager(8), nmcli(1), nmcli-examples(5), NetworkManager.conf(5)
NetworkManager 0.9.10.0