|SYNC(2)||Linux Programmer's Manual||SYNC(2)|
NAME¶sync, syncfs - commit buffer cache to disk
SYNOPSIS¶#include <unistd.h> void sync(void); int syncfs(int fd);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
_BSD_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 || _XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDEDsyncfs():
DESCRIPTION¶sync() causes all buffered modifications to file metadata and data to be written to the underlying filesystems. syncfs() is like sync(), but synchronizes just the filesystem containing file referred to by the open file descriptor fd.
RETURN VALUE¶syncfs() returns 0 on success; on error, it returns -1 and sets errno to indicate the error.
ERRORS¶sync() is always successful. syncfs() can fail for at least the following reason:
- fd is not a valid file descriptor.
VERSIONS¶syncfs() first appeared in Linux 2.6.39; library support was added to glibc in version 2.14.
CONFORMING TO¶sync(): SVr4, 4.3BSD, POSIX.1-2001. syncfs() is Linux-specific.
NOTES¶Since glibc 2.2.2, the Linux prototype for sync() is as listed above, following the various standards. In glibc 2.2.1 and earlier, it was "int sync(void)", and sync() always returned 0.
BUGS¶According to the standard specification (e.g., POSIX.1-2001), sync() schedules the writes, but may return before the actual writing is done. However, since version 1.3.20 Linux does actually wait. (This still does not guarantee data integrity: modern disks have large caches.)
SEE ALSO¶bdflush(2), fdatasync(2), fsync(2), sync(1)
COLOPHON¶This page is part of release 3.74 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.