table of contents
|SHMAT(2)||System Calls Manual||SHMAT(2)|
attach or detach shared memory
LIBRARY¶Standard C Library (libc, -lc)
#include <sys/shm.h>void *
shmat(int shmid, const void *addr, int flag); int
shmdt(const void *addr);
shmat() system call attaches the shared memory segment identified by shmid to the calling process's address space. The address where the segment is attached is determined as follows:
- If addr is 0, the segment is attached at an address selected by the kernel.
- If addr is nonzero and SHM_RND is not specified in flag, the segment is attached the specified address.
- If addr is specified and SHM_RND is specified, addr is rounded down to the nearest multiple of SHMLBA.
shmdt() system call detaches the shared memory segment at the address specified by addr from the calling process's address space.
RETURN VALUES¶Upon success,
shmat() returns the address where the segment is attached; otherwise, -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error.
shmdt() function returns the value 0 if successful; otherwise the value -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error.
shmat() system call will fail if:
- No shared memory segment was found corresponding to shmid.
- The addr argument was not an acceptable address.
shmdt() system call will fail if:
- The addr argument does not point to a shared memory segment.
SEE ALSO¶shmctl(2), shmget(2)
|August 2, 1995||Debian|