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abstract(3tcl) TclOO Commands abstract(3tcl)


NAME

oo::abstract - a class that does not allow direct instances of itself

SYNOPSIS

package require TclOO
oo::abstract method ?arg ...?

CLASS HIERARCHY

oo::objectoo::classoo::abstract

DESCRIPTION

Abstract classes are classes that can contain definitions, but which cannot be directly manufactured; they are intended to only ever be inherited from and instantiated indirectly. The characteristic methods of oo::class (create and new) are not exported by an instance of oo::abstract.

Note that oo::abstract is not itself an instance of oo::abstract.

CONSTRUCTOR

The oo::abstract class does not define an explicit constructor; this means that it is effectively the same as the constructor of the oo::class class.

DESTRUCTOR

The oo::abstract class does not define an explicit destructor; destroying an instance of it is just like destroying an ordinary class (and will destroy all its subclasses).

EXPORTED METHODS

The oo::abstract class defines no new exported methods.

NON-EXPORTED METHODS

The oo::abstract class explicitly states that create, createWithNamespace, and new are unexported.

EXAMPLES

This example defines a simple class hierarchy and creates a new instance of it. It then invokes a method of the object before destroying the hierarchy and showing that the destruction is transitive.

oo::abstract create fruit {
    method eat {} {
        puts "yummy!"
    }
}
oo::class create banana {
    superclass fruit
    method peel {} {
        puts "skin now off"
    }
}
set b [banana new]
$b peel              → prints 'skin now off'
$b eat               → prints 'yummy!'
set f [fruit new]    → error 'unknown method "new"...'

SEE ALSO

oo::define(3tcl), oo::object(3tcl)

KEYWORDS

abstract class, class, metaclass, object
0.3 TclOO