|SPAMD(8p)||User Contributed Perl Documentation||SPAMD(8p)|
spamd - daemonized version of spamassassin
-l, --allow-tell Allow learning/reporting -c, --create-prefs Create user preferences files -C path, --configpath=path Path for default config files --siteconfigpath=path Path for site configs --cf='config line' Additional line of configuration --pre='config line' Additional line of ".pre" (prepended to configuration) -d, --daemonize Daemonize -h, --help Print usage message -i [ip_or_name[:port]], --listen=[ip_or_name[:port]] Listen on IP addr and port -p port, --port=port Listen on specified port, may be overridden by -i -4, --ipv4-only, --ipv4 Use IPv4 where applicable, disables IPv6 -6 Use IPv6 where applicable, disables IPv4 -A host,..., --allowed-ips=..,.. Restrict to IP addresses which can connect -m num, --max-children=num Allow maximum num children --min-children=num Allow minimum num children --min-spare=num Lower limit for number of spare children --max-spare=num Upper limit for number of spare children --max-conn-per-child=num Maximum connections accepted by child before it is respawned --round-robin Use traditional prefork algorithm --timeout-tcp=secs Connection timeout for client headers --timeout-child=secs Connection timeout for message checks -q, --sql-config Enable SQL config (needs -x) -Q, --setuid-with-sql Enable SQL config (needs -x, enables use of -H) --ldap-config Enable LDAP config (needs -x) --setuid-with-ldap Enable LDAP config (needs -x, enables use of -H) --virtual-config-dir=dir Enable pattern based Virtual configs (needs -x) -r pidfile, --pidfile Write the process id to pidfile -s facility, --syslog=facility Specify the syslog facility --syslog-socket=type How to connect to syslogd --log-timestamp-fmt=fmt strftime(3) format for timestamps, may be empty to disable timestamps, or 'default' -u username, --username=username Run as username -g groupname, --groupname=groupname Run as groupname -v, --vpopmail Enable vpopmail config -x, --nouser-config Disable user config files -U username, --default-user=username Fall back to this username if spamc user is not found (default: nobody) -D, --debug[=areas] Print debugging messages (for areas) -L, --local Use local tests only (no DNS) -P, --paranoid Die upon user errors -H [dir], --helper-home-dir[=dir] Specify a different HOME directory --ssl Enable SSL on TCP connections --ssl-verify Request a client certificate and verify it --ssl-ca-file cafile Certificate Authority certificate file --ssl-ca-path capath Certificate Authority directory --ssl-port port Override --port setting for SSL connections --server-key keyfile Specify an SSL keyfile --server-cert certfile Specify an SSL certificate --socketpath=path Listen on a given UNIX domain socket --socketowner=name Set UNIX domain socket file's owner --socketgroup=name Set UNIX domain socket file's group --socketmode=mode Set UNIX domain socket file's mode --timing Enable timing and logging -V, --version Print version and exit
The --listen option (or -i) may be specified multiple times, its syntax is: [ ssl: ] [ host-name-or-IP-address ] [ : port ] or an absolute path (filename) of a Unix socket. If port is omitted it defaults to --port or to 783. Option --ssl implies a prefix 'ssl:'. An IPv6 address should be enclosed in square brackets, e.g. [::1]:783, an IPv4 address may be but need not be enclosed in square brackets. An asterisk '*' in place of a hostname implies an unspecified address, ('0.0.0.0' or '::'), i.e. it binds to all interfaces. An empty option value implies '*'. A default is '--listen localhost', which binds to a loopback interface only.
The purpose of this program is to provide a daemonized version of the spamassassin executable. The goal is improving throughput performance for automated mail checking.
This is intended to be used alongside "spamc", a fast, low-overhead C client program.
See the README file in the "spamd" directory of the SpamAssassin distribution for more details.
Note: Although "spamd" will check per-user config files for every message, any changes to the system-wide config files will require either restarting spamd or forcing it to reload itself via SIGHUP for the changes to take effect.
Note: If "spamd" receives a SIGHUP, it internally reloads itself, which means that it will change its pid and might not restart at all if its environment changed (ie. if it can't change back into its own directory). If you plan to use SIGHUP, you should always start "spamd" with the -r switch to know its current pid.
Options of the long form can be shortened as long as they remain unambiguous. (i.e. --dae can be used instead of --daemonize) Also, boolean options (like --user-config) can be negated by adding no (--nouser-config), however, this is usually unnecessary.
- -l, --allow-tell
- Allow learning and forgetting (to a local Bayes database), reporting and
revoking (to a remote database) by spamd. The client issues a TELL command
to tell what type of message is being processed and whether local
(learn/forget) or remote (report/revoke) databases should be updated.
Note that spamd always trusts the username passed in so clients could maliciously learn messages for other users. (This is not usually a concern with an SQL Bayes store as users will typically have read-write access directly to the database, and can also use "sa-learn" with the -u option to achieve the same result.)
- -c, --create-prefs
- Create user preferences files if they don't exist (default: don't).
- -C path, --configpath=path
- Use the specified path for locating the distributed configuration files. Ignore the default directories (usually "/usr/share/spamassassin" or similar).
- Use the specified path for locating site-specific configuration files. Ignore the default directories (usually "/etc/spamassassin" or similar).
- --cf='config line'
- Add additional lines of configuration directly from the command-line, parsed after the configuration files are read. Multiple --cf arguments can be used, and each will be considered a separate line of configuration.
- --pre='config line'
- Add additional lines of .pre configuration directly from the command-line, parsed before the configuration files are read. Multiple --pre arguments can be used, and each will be considered a separate line of configuration.
- -d, --daemonize
- Detach from starting process and run in background (daemonize).
- -h, --help
- Print a brief help message, then exit without further action.
- -V, --version
- Print version information, then exit without further action.
- -i [ipaddress[:<port>]], --listen[=ipaddress[:<port>]]
- Additional alias names for this option are --listen-ip and --ip-address. Tells spamd to listen on the specified IP address, defaults to a loopback interface, i.e. "--listen localhost"). If no value is specified after the switch, or if an asterisk '*' stands in place of an <ipaddress>, spamd will listen on all interfaces - this is equivalent to address '0.0.0.0' for IPv4 and to '::' for IPv6. You can also use a valid hostname which will make spamd listen on all addresses that a name resolves to. The option may be specified multiple times. See also options -4 and -6 for restricting address family to IPv4 or to IPv6. If a port is specified it overrides for this socket the global --port (and --ssl-port) setting. An IPv6 addresses should be enclosed in square brackets, e.g. [::1]:783. For compatibility square brackets on an IPv6 address may be omitted if a port number specification is also omitted.
- -p port, --port=port
- Optionally specifies the port number for the server to listen on (default:
If the --ssl switch is used, and --ssl-port is not supplied, then this port will be used to accept SSL connections instead of unencrypted connections. If the --ssl switch is used, and --ssl-port is set, then unencrypted connections will be accepted on the --port at the same time as encrypted connections are accepted at --ssl-port.
- -q, --sql-config
- Turn on SQL lookups even when per-user config files have been disabled
with -x. this is useful for spamd hosts which don't have user's
home directories but do want to load user preferences from an SQL
If your spamc client does not support sending the "User:" header, like "exiscan", then the SQL username used will always be nobody.
This inhibits the setuid() behavior, so the "-u" option is required. If you want the setuid() behaviour, use "-Q" or "--setuid-with-sql" instead.
- Turn on LDAP lookups. This is completely analog to
"--sql-config", only it is using an LDAP
Like "--sql-config", this disables the setuid behavior, and requires "-u". If you want it, use "--setuid-with-ldap" instead.
- -Q, --setuid-with-sql
- Turn on SQL lookups even when per-user config files have been disabled with -x and also setuid to the user. This is useful for spamd hosts which want to load user preferences from an SQL database but also wish to support the use of -H (Helper home directories.)
- Turn on LDAP lookups even when per-user config files have been disabled with -x and also setuid to the user. This is again completely analog to "--setuid-with-sql", only it is using an LDAP server.
- This option specifies where per-user preferences can be found for virtual users, for the -x switch. The pattern is used as a base pattern for the directory name. Any of the following escapes can be used:
- %u -- replaced with the full name of the current user, as sent by spamc.
- %l -- replaced with the 'local part' of the current username. In other words, if the username is an email address, this is the part before the "@" sign.
- %d -- replaced with the 'domain' of the current username. In other words, if the username is an email address, this is the part after the "@" sign.
- %x -- replaced with the full name of the current user, as sent by spamc. If the resulting config directory does not exist, replace with the domain part to use a domain-wide default.
- %% -- replaced with a single percent sign (%).
So for example, if "/vhome/users/%u/spamassassin" is specified, and spamc sends a virtual username of "email@example.com", the directory "/firstname.lastname@example.org/spamassassin" will be used.
The set of characters allowed in the virtual username for this path are restricted to:
A-Z a-z 0-9 - + _ . , @ =
All others will be replaced by underscores ("_").
This path must be a writable directory. It will be created if it does not already exist. If a file called user_prefs exists in this directory (note: not in a ".spamassassin" subdirectory!), it will be loaded as the user's preferences. The Bayes databases for that user will be stored in this directory.
Note that this requires that -x is used, and cannot be combined with SQL- or LDAP-based configuration.
The pattern must expand to an absolute directory when spamd is running daemonized (-d).
Currently, use of this without -u is not supported. This inhibits setuid.
- -r pidfile, --pidfile=pidfile
- Write the process ID of the spamd parent to the file specified by pidfile. The file will be unlinked when the parent exits. Note that when running with the -u option, the file must be writable by that user.
- -v, --vpopmail
- Enable vpopmail config. If specified with -u set to the vpopmail
user, this allows spamd to lookup/create user_prefs in the vpopmail user's
own maildir. This option is useful for vpopmail virtual users who do not
have an entry in the system /etc/passwd file.
Currently, use of this without -u is not supported. This inhibits setuid.
- -s facility, --syslog=facility
- Specify the syslog facility to use (default: mail). If
"stderr" is specified, output will be
written to stderr. (This is useful if you're running
"spamd" under the
"daemontools" package.) With a
facility of "file", all output
goes to spamd.log. facility is interpreted as a file name to log to
if it contains any characters except a-z and 0-9.
"null" disables logging completely (used
spamd -s mail # use syslog, facility mail (default) spamd -s ./mail # log to file ./mail spamd -s stderr 2>/dev/null # log to stderr, throw messages away spamd -s null # the same as above spamd -s file # log to file ./spamd.log spamd -s /var/log/spamd.log # log to file /var/log/spamd.log
If logging to a file is enabled and that log file is rotated, the spamd server must be restarted with a SIGHUP. (If the log file is just truncated, this is not needed but still recommended.)
Note that logging to a file does not use locking, so you cannot intermix logging from spamd and other processes into the same file. If you want to mix logging like this, use syslog instead.
If you use syslog logging, it is essential to send a SIGHUP to the spamd daemon when you restart the syslogd daemon. (This is due to a shortcoming in Perl's syslog handling, where the disappearance of the connection to the syslogd is considered a fatal error.)
- Specify how spamd should send messages to syslogd. The type can be
any of the socket types or logging mechanisms as accepted by the
subroutine Sys::Syslog::setlogsock(). Depending on a version of
Sys::Syslog and on the underlying operating system, one of the following
values (or their subset) can be used:
"console". The value
"eventlog" is specific to Win32 events
logger and requires a perl module Win32::EventLog to be installed. For
more information please consult the Sys::Syslog documentation.
A historical setting --syslog-socket=none is mapped to --syslog=stderr.
A default for Windows platforms is "none", otherwise the default is to try "unix" first, falling back to "inet" if perl detects errors in its "unix" support.
Some platforms, or versions of perl, are shipped with old or dysfunctional versions of the Sys::Syslog module which do not support some socket types, so you may need to set this option explicitly. If you get error messages regarding __PATH_LOG or similar spamd, try changing this setting.
The socket types "file" is used internally and should not be specified. Use the "-s" switch instead.
- The --log-timestamp-fmt option can provide a POSIX strftime(3) format for timestamps included in each logged message. Each logger (stderr, file, syslog) has its own default value for a timestamp format, which applies when --log-timestamp-fmt option is not given, or with --log-timestamp-fmt=default . Timestamps can be turned off by specifying an empty string with this option, e.g. --log-timestamp-fmt='' or just --log-timestamp-fmt= . Typical use: --log-timestamp-fmt='%a %b %e %H:%M:%S %Y' (provides localized weekday and month names in the ctime(3) style), or '%a, %e %b %Y %H:%M:%S %z (%Z)' for a RFC 2822 format, or maybe '%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S%z' for an ISO 8601 (EN 28601) format, or just '%Y%m%dT%H%M%S' .
- -u username, --username=username
- Run as the named user. If this option is not set, the default behaviour is
to setuid() to the user running
"spamd" is running as root.
Note: "--username=root" is not a valid option. If specified, "spamd" will exit with a fatal error on startup.
- -g groupname, --groupname=groupname
- Run as the named group if --username is being used. If this option is not set when --username is used then the primary group for the user given to --username is used.
- -x, --nouser-config, --user-config
- Turn off (on) reading of per-user configuration files (user_prefs) from
the user's home directory. The default behaviour is to read per-user
configuration from the user's home directory (--user-config).
This option does not disable or otherwise influence the SQL, LDAP or Virtual Config Dir settings.
- -U username, --default-user=username
- Fall back to this username, if the username provided by spamc is not found. Default is nobody, which might not exist or not have a usable home directory, use this setting to define a suitable user if needed.
- -A host,..., --allowed-ips=host,...
- Specify a comma-separated list of authorized hosts or networks which can
connect to this spamd instance. Each element of the list is either a
single IP addresses, or a range of IP addresses in address/masklength CIDR
notation, or ranges of IPv4 addresses by specifying 3 or less octets with
a trailing dot. Hostnames are not supported, only IPv4 or IPv6 addresses.
This option can be specified multiple times, or can take a list of
addresses separated by commas. IPv6 addresses may be (but need not be)
enclosed in square brackets for consistency with option --listen.
-A 10.11.12.13 -- only allow connections from 10.11.12.13.
-A 10.11.12.13,10.11.12.14 -- only allow connections from 10.11.12.13 and 10.11.12.14.
-A 10.200.300.0/24 -- allow connections from any machine in the range "10.200.300.*".
-A 10. -- allow connections from any machine in the range "10.*.*.*".
-A [2001:db8::]/32,192.0.2.0/24,::1,127.0.0.0/8 -- only accept connections from specified test networks and from localhost.
In absence of the -A option, connections are only accepted from IP address 127.0.0.1 or ::1, i.e. from localhost on a loopback interface.
- -D [area,...], --debug [area,...]
- Produce debugging output. If no areas are listed, all debugging
information is printed. Diagnostic output can also be enabled for each
area individually; area is the area of the code to instrument. For
example, to produce diagnostic output on bayes, learn, and dns, use:
spamassassin -D bayes,learn,dns
Higher priority informational messages that are suitable for logging in normal circumstances are available with an area of "info".
For more information about which areas (also known as channels) are available, please see the documentation at:
- -4, --ipv4only, --ipv4-only, --ipv4
- Use IPv4 where applicable, do not use IPv6. The option affects a set of listen sockets (see option "--listen") and disables IPv6 for DNS tests.
- Use IPv6 where applicable, do not use IPv4. The option affects a set of listen sockets (see option "--listen") and disables IPv4 for DNS tests. Installing a module IO::Socket::IP is recommended if spamd is expected to receive requests over IPv6.
- -L, --local
- Perform only local tests on all mail. In other words, skip DNS and other network tests. Works the same as the "-L" flag to spamassassin(1).
- -P, --paranoid
- Die on user errors (for the user passed from spamc) instead of falling back to user "--default-user" and using the default configuration.
- -m number , --max-children=number
- This option specifies the maximum number of children to spawn. Spamd will
spawn that number of children, then sleep in the background until a child
dies, wherein it will go and spawn a new child.
Incoming connections can still occur if all of the children are busy, however those connections will be queued waiting for a free child. The minimum value is 1, the default value is 5.
Please note that there is a OS specific maximum of connections that can be queued (Try "perl -MSocket -e'print SOMAXCONN'" to find this maximum).
Note that if you run too many servers for the amount of free RAM available, you run the danger of hurting performance by causing a high swap load as server processes are swapped in and out continually.
- The minimum number of children that will be kept running. The minimum value is 1, the default value is 1. If you have lots of free RAM, you may want to increase this.
- The lower limit for the number of spare children allowed to run. A spare, or idle, child is one that is not handling a scan request. If there are too few spare children available, a new server will be started every second or so. The default value is 1.
- The upper limit for the number of spare children allowed to run. If there are too many spare children, one will be killed every second or so until the number of idle children is in the desired range. The default value is 2.
- This option specifies the maximum number of connections each child should process before dying and letting the master spamd process spawn a new child. The minimum value is 1, the default value is 200.
- By default, "spamd" will attempt to keep a small number of "hot" child processes as busy as possible, and keep any others as idle as possible, using something similar to the Apache httpd server scaling algorithm. This is accomplished by the master process coordinating the activities of the children. This switch will disable this scaling algorithm, and the behaviour seen in the 3.0.x versions will be used instead, where all processes receive an equal load and no scaling takes place.
- This option specifies the number of seconds to wait for headers from a client (spamc) before closing the connection. The minimum value is 1, the default value is 30, and a value of 0 will disable socket timeouts completely.
- This option specifies the number of seconds to wait for a spamd child to process or check a message. The minimum value is 1, the default value is 300, and a value of 0 will disable child timeouts completely.
- -H directory, --helper-home-dir=directory
- Specify that external programs such as Razor, DCC, and Pyzor should have a HOME environment variable set to a specific directory. The default is to use the HOME environment variable setting from the shell running spamd. By specifying no argument, spamd will use the spamc caller's home directory instead.
- Accept only SSL connections on the associated port. The
IO::Socket::SSL perl module must be installed.
If the --ssl switch is used, and --ssl-port is not supplied, then --port port will be used to accept SSL connections instead of unencrypted connections. If the --ssl switch is used, and --ssl-port is set, then unencrypted connections will be accepted on the --port, at the same time as encrypted connections are accepted at --ssl-port.
- Implies --ssl. Request a client certificate and verify the certificate. Requires --ssl-ca-file or --ssl-ca-path.
- Implies --ssl-verify. Use the specified Certificate Authority certificate to verify the client certificate. The client certificate must be signed by this certificate.
- Implies --ssl-verify. Use the Certificate Authority certificate files in the specified set of directories to verify the client certificate. The client certificate must be signed by one of these Certificate Authorities. See the man page for IO::Socket::SSL for additional details.
- Optionally specifies the port number for the server to listen on for SSL connections (default: whatever --port uses). See --ssl for more details.
- --server-key keyfile
- Specify the SSL key file to use for SSL connections.
- --server-cert certfile
- Specify the SSL certificate file to use for SSL connections.
- --socketpath pathname
- Listen on a UNIX domain socket at path pathname, in addition to
sockets specified with a "--listen"
option. This option is provided for compatibility with older versions of
spamd. Starting with version 3.4.0 the
"--listen" option can also take a UNIX
domain socket as its value (an absolute path name). Unlike
"--listen" option may be specified
multiple times if spamd needs to listen on multiple UNIX or INET or INET6
Warning: the Perl support on BSD platforms for UNIX domain sockets seems to have a bug regarding paths of over 100 bytes or so (SpamAssassin bug 4380). If you see a 'could not find newly-created UNIX socket' error message, and the path appears truncated, this may be the cause. Try using a shorter path to the socket.
By default, use of --socketpath without --listen will inhibit SSL connections and unencrypted TCP connections. To add other sockets, specify them with --listen, e.g. '--listen=:' or '--listen=*:'
- --socketowner name
- Set UNIX domain socket to be owned by the user named name. Note that this requires that spamd be started as "root", and if "-u" is used, that user should have write permissions to unlink the file later, for when the "spamd" server is killed.
- --socketgroup name
- Set UNIX domain socket to be owned by the group named name. See "--socketowner" for notes on ownership and permissions.
- --socketmode mode
- Set UNIX domain socket to use the octal mode mode. Note that if "-u" is used, that user should have write permissions to unlink the file later, for when the "spamd" server is killed.
Enable timing measurements and output the information for logging. This is the same information as provided by the TIMING tag.
The SpamAssassin(tm) Project (https://spamassassin.apache.org/)
SpamAssassin is distributed under the Apache License, Version 2.0, as described in the file "LICENSE" included with the distribution.