|IPC::SharedMem(3perl)||Perl Programmers Reference Guide||IPC::SharedMem(3perl)|
NAME¶IPC::SharedMem - SysV Shared Memory IPC object class
use IPC::SysV qw(IPC_PRIVATE S_IRUSR S_IWUSR); use IPC::SharedMem; $shm = IPC::SharedMem->new(IPC_PRIVATE, 8, S_IRWXU); $shm->write(pack("S", 4711), 2, 2); $data = $shm->read(0, 2); $ds = $shm->stat; $shm->remove;
DESCRIPTION¶A class providing an object based interface to SysV IPC shared memory.
- new ( KEY , SIZE , FLAGS )
- Creates a new shared memory segment of "SIZE" bytes size associated with "KEY". A new segment is created if
- "KEY" is equal to "IPC_PRIVATE"
- "KEY" does not already have a shared memory segment associated with it, and "FLAGS & IPC_CREAT" is true.
On creation of a new shared memory segment "FLAGS" is used to set the permissions. Be careful not to set any flags that the Sys V IPC implementation does not allow: in some systems setting execute bits makes the operations fail.
- Returns the shared memory identifier.
- read ( POS, SIZE )
- Read "SIZE" bytes from the shared memory segment at "POS". Returns the string read, or "undef" if there was an error. The return value becomes tainted. See shmread.
- write ( STRING, POS, SIZE )
- Write "SIZE" bytes to the shared memory segment at "POS". Returns true if successful, or false if there is an error. See shmwrite.
- Remove the shared memory segment from the system or mark it as removed as long as any processes are still attached to it.
- Returns true if the shared memory segment has been removed or marked for removal.
- Returns an object of type
"IPC::SharedMem::stat" which is a
sub-class of "Class::Struct". It
provides the following fields. For a description of these fields see you
uid gid cuid cgid mode segsz lpid cpid nattch atime dtime ctime
- attach ( [FLAG] )
- Permanently attach to the shared memory segment. When a "IPC::SharedMem" object is attached, it will use memread and memwrite instead of shmread and shmwrite for accessing the shared memory segment. Returns true if successful, or false on error. See shmat(2).
- Detach from the shared memory segment that previously has been attached to. Returns true if successful, or false on error. See shmdt(2).
- Returns the address of the shared memory that has been attached to in a format suitable for use with "pack('P')". Returns "undef" if the shared memory has not been attached.
SEE ALSO¶IPC::SysV, Class::Struct
AUTHORS¶Marcus Holland-Moritz <email@example.com>
COPYRIGHT¶Version 2.x, Copyright (C) 2007-2013, Marcus Holland-Moritz.
Version 1.x, Copyright (c) 1997, Graham Barr.
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.