|AKLOG(1)||AFS Command Reference||AKLOG(1)|
aklog - Obtain tokens for authentication to AFS
aklog [-d] [-hosts] [-zsubs]
[-noprdb] [-noauth] [-linked]
[-force] [-524] [-setpag]
[[-cell | -c] <cell> [-k <Kerberos realm>]]+
aklog [-d] [-hosts] [-zsubs]
[-noprdb] [-noauth] [-linked]
[-force] [-524] [-setpag] [-path | -p] <path>+
The aklog program authenticates to a cell in AFS by obtaining AFS tokens using a Kerberos 5 ticket. If aklog is invoked with no command-line arguments, it will obtain tokens for the workstation's local cell. It may be invoked with an arbitrary number of cells and pathnames to obtain tokens for multiple cells. aklog knows how to expand cell name abbreviations, so cells can be referred to by enough letters to make the cell name unique among the cells the workstation knows about.
aklog obtains tokens by obtaining a Kerberos service ticket for the AFS service and then storing it as a token. By default, it obtains that ticket from the realm corresponding to that cell (the uppercase version of the cell name), but a different realm for a particular cell can be specified with -k. -k cannot be used in -path mode (see below).
When a Kerberos 5 cross-realm trust is used, aklog looks up the AFS ID corresponding to the name (Kerberos principal) of the person invoking the command, and if the user doesn't exist and the "system:authuser@FOREIGN.REALM" PTS group exists, then it attempts automatic registration of the user with the foreign cell. The user is then added to the "system:authuser@FOREIGN.REALM" PTS group if registration is successful. Automatic registration in the foreign cell will fail if the group quota for the "system:authuser@FOREIGN.REALM" group is less than one. Each automatic registration decrements the group quota by one.
When using aklog, be aware that AFS uses the Kerberos v4 principal naming format, not the Kerberos v5 format, when referring to principals in PTS ACLs, UserList, and similar locations. AFS will internally map Kerberos v5 principal names to the Kerberos v4 syntax by removing any portion of the instance after the first period (generally the domain name of a host principal), changing any "/" to ".", and changing an initial principal part of "host" to "rcmd". In other words, to create a PTS entry for the Kerberos v5 principal "user/admin", refer to it as "user.admin", and for the principal "host/shell.example.com", refer to it as "rcmd.shell".
The aklog mapping of Kerberos v5 principal to Kerberos v4 principal and the determination that a Kerberos realm is foreign is performed in the absence of the actual AFS server configuration. If the aklog mapping of Kerberos v5 principal to Kerberos v4 principal or the foreign realm determination is wrong, the PTS name-to-id lookup will produce the wrong AFS ID for the user. The AFS ID is only used for display purposes and should not be trusted. Use the -noprdb switch to disable the PTS name-to-id lookup.
- Normally, aklog generates native K5 tokens. This flag tells aklog to instead use the krb524 translation service to generate K4 or rxkad2b tokens, which may be necessary for AFS cells that don't support native K5 tokens. Support for native K5 tokens were added in OpenAFS 1.2.8.
- -cell <cell>, -c <cell>
- This flag tells aklog that the next argument is the name of a cell to authenticate to. It normally isn't necessary; aklog normally determines whether an argument is a cell or a path name based on whether it contains "/" or is "." or "..". The cell may be followed by -k to specify the corresponding Kerberos realm.
- Turns on printing of debugging information. This option is not intended for general users.
- Normally, aklog will not replace tokens with new tokens that appear to be identical. If this flag is given, it will skip that check.
- Prints all the server addresses which may act as a single point of failure
in accessing the specified directory path. Each element of the path is
examined, and as new volumes are traversed, if they are not replicated,
the server's IP address containing the volume will be displayed. The
output is of the form:
This option is only useful in combination with paths as arguments rather than cells.
- -k <Kerberos realm>
- This flag is valid only immediately after the name of the cell. It tells aklog to use that Kerberos realm when authenticating to the preceding cell. By default, aklog will use the realm (per the local Kerberos configuration) of the first database server in the cell, so this flag normally won't be necessary.
- If the AFS cell is linked to another AFS cell, get tokens for both.
- Don't actually authenticate, just do everything else aklog does up to setting tokens.
- Ordinarily, aklog looks up the AFS ID corresponding to the name of the person invoking the command, and if the user doesn't exist, the cell is a foreign one, the system:authuser@FOREIGN.REALM PTS group exists, and has a positive group quota, then it attempts automatic registration of the user with the foreign cell. Specifying this flag turns off this functionality. This may be desirable if the protection database is unavailable for some reason and tokens are desired anyway, or if one wants to disable user registration.
- -path <pathname>, -p <pathname>
- This flag tells aklog that the next argument is a path in AFS. aklog will walk that path and obtain tokens for every cell needed to access all of the directories. Normally, this flag isn't necessary; aklog assumes an argument is a path if it contains "/" or is "." or "..".
- When setting tokens, attempt to put the parent process in a new PAG. This is usually used as part of the login process but can be used any time to create a new AFS authentication context. Note that this in some cases relies on dangerous and tricky manipulations of kernel records and will not work on all platforms or with all Linux kernels.
- Prints out the Zephyr subscription information to get alerts regarding all
of the file servers required to access a particular path. The output is of
where <instance> is the instance of a class "filsrv" Zephyr subscription.
- As with most programs that use an existing Kerberos ticket cache, aklog can be told to use a cache other than the default by setting the environment variable KRB5CCNAME. On UNIX and Linux systems, this variable is normally set to a file name, but may point to other types of caches. See the documentation of your Kerberos implementation for more details.
- If this file exists in the user's home directory, it should contain a list of AFS cells to which to authenticate, one per line. If aklog is invoked without any options, it will attempt to obtain tokens in every cell listed in this file if it exists, rather than only obtaining tokens for the local cell.
The exit status of aklog will be one of the following:
- Success -- No error occurred.
- Usage -- Bad command syntax; accompanied by a usage message.
- Something failed -- More than one cell or pathname was given on the command line and at least one failure occurred. A more specific error status is returned when only one directive is given.
- AFS -- Unable to get AFS configuration or unable to get information about a specific cell.
- Kerberos -- Unable to get tickets for authentication.
- Token -- Unable to get tokens.
- Bad pathname -- The path given was not a directory or lstat(2) failed on some component of the pathname.
- Miscellaneous -- An internal failure occurred. For example, aklog returns this if it runs out of memory.
To get tokens for the local cell:
To get tokens for the "prod.example.org" cell:
% aklog prod.example.org
% aklog prod
The latter will work if you local cache manager already knows about the "prod" cell.
To get tokens adequate to read /afs/prod.example.org/user/p/potato:
% aklog /afs/prod.example.org/user/p/potato
To get tokens for "testcell.example.org" that is in a test Kerberos realm:
% aklog testcell.example.org -k TESTREALM.EXAMPLE.ORG
kinit(1), tokens(1), unlog(1)
Manpage originally written by Emanuel Jay Berkenbilt (MIT-Project Athena). Extensively modified by Russ Allbery <email@example.com>.
Original manpage is copyright 1990, 1991 Massachusetts Institute of Technology. All rights reserved.
Copyright 2006 Russ Allbery <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
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