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idt - X window interactive image display tool


idt [ -toolkitoption ... ] [ -background color ] [ -f font ] [ -foreground color ] [ -history ] [ -lmin min ] [ -lmax max ] [ -lscale scale ] [ -oldidt ] [ -pal pal_fname ] [ -reverse ] [ -soft ] [ -Version ] [ metafile ]


idt provides a graphical user interface to the NCAR View interactive metafile translator ictrans. idt supports a subset of the ictrans command interface.

idt provides two types of command panels for interacting with imagery. The first type is the control panel, which you see when you initially invoke idt. The control panel displays messages from the translators, provides a metafile selection utility and is responsible for instantiating the second type of command panel, the display panel. The display panel provides mechanisms for controlling translators. Each display panel manages a single metafile translator. There can be multiple display panels in existence at the same time but only one control panel.


idt accepts all of the standard X Toolkit command line options (see X(1)). idt also accepts the following options:

Fontcap file to be used for stroking text. When interpreting CGM TEXT command elements use fontcap as the default font for textual translation. Note: CGMs may contain textual descriptions which are not embedded in CGM TEXT elements. Hence they are not influenced by fontcap specifications. Note also that a CGM may explicitly specify a named font which may override a font provided on the command line. The environment variable FONTCAP may also be used to specify a default fontcap.
If fontcap is preceded by a UNIX directory path then ctrans will look in that directory for the specified fontcap. Otherwise idt searches the directory $NCARG_ROOT/lib/ncarg/fontcaps for the fontcap.
See fontcap(5NCARG) for a description of the available fontcaps. See fcap(1NCARG) for a list of the fontcaps installed on your system.
This option overrides the FONTCAP environment variable.
Write a record of all commands sent to the translator to the file ./.idthist.
Print the version number and then exit.

The following options are ignored by idt and are passed on to the metafile translator ictrans. See ictrans(1NCARG) for a description of their use.


The control panel provides a text widget for displaying messages from the translators and a row of command buttons. Messages are preceded with the string "Display[X]", where "X" is an integer id associated with the translator sending the message. The first translator spawned is "Display[0]", the second is "Display[1]", etc.

Selects a file for translation. This button brings up a popup menu containing a file selection box. The uppermost dialog box of the file selection box is used for specifying a filter for searching for files. For example, the filter "/usr/local/lib/*.cgm" finds all files in the directory /usr/local/lib whose names end with ".cgm". The finder understands standard shell metacharacters.
The bottom dialog box displays the currently selected file. The user may enter a file name here or select one with the mouse from the list of files displayed in the middle text widget.
Popup a display panel. A display panel is popped up ready for translation of the file most recently selected with the file selector. This command will fail if a file has not been selected.
Quits the application and terminates all translators.


The display panel provides a mechanism for manipulating the translator associated with a particular metafile. On most systems the name of the metafile appears in the title bar at the top of the panel. The first row in the panel contains a scroll bar for randomly selecting a frame to be translated. The label bar to the right displays the number of the frame scrolled to. The panel is intended to resemble a video tape editor. Thus, the second row contains play back, jog back, stop, jog and play buttons, respectively. The third and forth rows contain more complex display commands.

Toggle the looping mode on or off. When loop is on pressing the play (playback) button causes the translator to process all the frames in the segment sequentially (reverse sequentially) and then start over from the beginning (end). The process continues until the "stop" button is selected. By default loop mode is off.
Sets duplication variable. If dup is set to 1 each frame is displayed once, if dup is set to 2 each frame is displayed twice, etc. The default value of dup is 1.
Go to the specified frame and translate it. goto provides random access to the frames contained in the metafile.
Set the skip variable. If skip is set to 1 every other frame is displayed during subsequent plays, if skip is set to 2 every third frame is displayed, etc. The default value for skip is 0.
Set the between-frame animation delay-time. When idt is in animation mode you may request that idt pause for a period of time between the display of each image. The effect of setting a delay time is to govern the speed at which idt "plays" imagery.
Define the first frame in the segment. This button and the stop segment button define a segment which is a subset of the frames contained in the metafile. When in play (playback) mode only the frames contained within the defined segment are translated. The default value for start segment is 1, the first frame in the file.
Define the last frame in the segment. The default frame is the last frame in the file. Hence, by default the segment is the entire metafile.
Specify the workstation window (in the GKS sense). Four coordinates are specified which define a rectangular window which is a subset of normalized VDC rectangle with corner points (0,0) and (1.0,1.0). The specified window is then mapped onto the entire viewport. For example, if the workstation window is defined by the corner points (0,0) and (0.5 0.5) then the lower left quarter of a plot would be blown up to fill the largest rectangle which fits in the drawing window while retaining the aspect ratio described by the normalized coordinates. Specification of such a window can be used for zooming and panning.
Terminate processing of current metafile.
Update the "Scrolled to Frame ->" label box with the number of the current frame.
Send the current frame to the printer. The print command brings up a menu of all devices configured for accepting translator output. This list is created dynamically in response to changes in the spooler configuration file (see ncarv_spool(5NCARG)). Selecting an item from the menu causes the current frame to be sent to that device.
Save a frame to a file. This command allows you to write the metacode for the current frame to a file. The result is a complete NCAR Computer Graphics Metafile (CGM) containing a single frame.
Reset windowing transformations previously set by the zoom command back to their default.
Zoom in on an area of a plot. The function of this command is identical to that of the window command. The zoom command, however, allows you to select the area of interest interactively with the mouse.
Toggle animation mode on or off. When idt is put into animation mode the currently defined segment is rasterized with the translator and loaded into the X server memory. Subsequent idt commands operate on the memory-resident images. Not all idt commands are available in animation mode. By default animation is off.


As with all standard X applications, idt may be customized through entries in the resource manager. In the following list of application resources provided by idt the resource name is given followed by its class in parentheses. These resources supplement the resources provided by the widgets themselves.

history (Class History)
Specify whether a history of commands sent to the metafile translators is recorded to the file "./.idthist" or not. The default for this resource is "False".
Set the default action to be executed after a file has been selected with the file selection box. Currently the only value this resource understands is "display".
Set the height in lines of text of the message display panel.
Specifies the "-oldidt" option.
Specify the output device for metafile translation. The default for this resource is "X11".
Specify the name of the fontcap to use for stroking text during metafile translation. The default value for this resource is "font1".
Specifies the ictrans "-soft" option.
Specifies the ictrans "-lmin" option.
Specifies the ictrans "-lmax" option.
Specifies the ictrans "-lscale" option.
Specifies the ictrans "-foreground" option.
Specifies the ictrans "-background" option.
Specifies the ictrans "-reverse" option.


idt provides the following actions for use in event translation:

This action causes the file selector popup to search for files using the key supplied in the file finder text box.
This action notifies the file selector that a selection has been made.
This action updates the text box in the file selector which displays the currently selected file.
This action confirms a selection made in one of the display panel popup dialog boxes.


In order to specify resources, it is useful to know the hierarchy of the widgets which make up idt. In the notation below, indentation indicates hierarchal structure. The widget class name is given first, followed by the widget instance name.

Idt  idt

Paned paned
Text text
Form form
Command select file
Command display
TopLevelShell <???>
Paned paned
Core canvas /* This is the drawing canvas
Form form
Scrollbar scrollbar
Label Scrolled to Frame ->
Form form
Command playback
Command jogback
Command stop
Command jog
Command play
Form form
Toggle loop
Command dup
Command goto
Command skip
Command delay
Command start segment
Command stop segment
Command set window
Form form
Command done
Command current frame
MenuButton print
SimpleMenu menu
SmeBSB <???>
SmeBSB <???>
SmeBSB <???>
dynamically configured
SmeBSB <???>
SmeBSB <???>
Command save
Command zoom
Command unzoom
Toggle animate
Grip grip
Grip grip
Grip grip
Grip grip
Grip grip
Command quit
Grip grip
Grip grip



The following resource specification can be used to set the default size of the graphics display window to 200 by 200 pixels:

	Idt*canvas.width:	200
	Idt*canvas.height:	200

If you want to place the control panel in the top right corner insert the following into your .Xdefaults file:

idt.geometry: -0+0


This is the standard X environment variable for specifying display name. If the translation output device is X11 this variable MUST be set.
Default fontcap specifier.
Path to root of NCAR Graphics installation.
If set this variable contains the path to the installed NCAR Graphics libraries. NCARG_LIB overrides NCARG_ROOT.
If set, this environment variable contains a directory path to be used for temporary files. On most systems the default is /tmp. On some systems the default is /usr/tmp.
Specifies the UNIX shell that the file selector is to use for expanding metacharacters. /bin/sh is used by default.
Specifies the name of a resource file that overrides the global resources stored in the RESOURCE_MANAGER property.


- Translator command history file
- Default resource file for idt
- User spooler configuration file
- System spooler configuration file


ctrans(1NCARG), fcaps(1NCARG), gcaps(1NCARG), ictrans(1NCARG), ncarv_spool(5NCARG), X(1), xrdb(1)

Hardcopy: NCAR Graphics Fundamentals, UNIX Version


Zooming in on large cell arrays causes the translator to crash.


The metafile file translation process is performed by spawning the ictrans translator. ictrans does not understand standard X Toolkit options. Hence, the DISPLAY environment variable must be set when translating a metafile to be displayed in a window.

You can not save "zoomed" plots to a file. More precisely, you may save a "zoomed" plot, however, the resultant plot will not be "zoomed".

The "Scrolled to Frame" label is not continuously updated.

The range with which one may zoom in on a plot with either the zoom or window command is severely limited by Xlibs use of 'short' integers for containing screen coordinate data.

IRIX 4.x users should not set use the shared memory connection to their X server. i.e don't use the display shm:0.

Background color changes don't work when idt is in animate mode. idt will use whatever color was most recently set in the animation segment for the entire segment.


Copyright (C) 1987-2009
University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

The use of this Software is governed by a License Agreement.

January 1993 NCARG