## table of contents

RSA_SET_METHOD(3SSL) | OpenSSL | RSA_SET_METHOD(3SSL) |

# NAME¶

RSA_set_default_method, RSA_get_default_method, RSA_set_method, RSA_get_method, RSA_PKCS1_OpenSSL, RSA_flags, RSA_new_method - select RSA method

# SYNOPSIS¶

#include <openssl/rsa.h>

The following functions have been deprecated since OpenSSL 3.0,
and can be hidden entirely by defining **OPENSSL_API_COMPAT** with a
suitable version value, see **openssl_user_macros**(7):

void RSA_set_default_method(const RSA_METHOD *meth); const RSA_METHOD *RSA_get_default_method(void); int RSA_set_method(RSA *rsa, const RSA_METHOD *meth); const RSA_METHOD *RSA_get_method(const RSA *rsa); const RSA_METHOD *RSA_PKCS1_OpenSSL(void); int RSA_flags(const RSA *rsa); RSA *RSA_new_method(ENGINE *engine);

# DESCRIPTION¶

All of the functions described on this page are deprecated. Applications should instead use the OSSL_PROVIDER APIs.

An **RSA_METHOD** specifies the functions that OpenSSL uses for
RSA operations. By modifying the method, alternative implementations such as
hardware accelerators may be used. IMPORTANT: See the NOTES section for
important information about how these RSA API functions are affected by the
use of **ENGINE** API calls.

Initially, the default RSA_METHOD is the OpenSSL internal
implementation, as returned by **RSA_PKCS1_OpenSSL()**.

**RSA_set_default_method()** makes **meth** the default
method for all RSA structures created later. **NB**: This is true only
whilst no ENGINE has been set as a default for RSA, so this function is no
longer recommended. This function is not thread-safe and should not be
called at the same time as other OpenSSL functions.

**RSA_get_default_method()** returns a pointer to the current
default RSA_METHOD. However, the meaningfulness of this result is dependent
on whether the ENGINE API is being used, so this function is no longer
recommended.

**RSA_set_method()** selects **meth** to perform all
operations using the key **rsa**. This will replace the RSA_METHOD used
by the RSA key and if the previous method was supplied by an ENGINE, the
handle to that ENGINE will be released during the change. It is possible to
have RSA keys that only work with certain RSA_METHOD implementations (e.g.
from an ENGINE module that supports embedded hardware-protected keys), and
in such cases attempting to change the RSA_METHOD for the key can have
unexpected results.

**RSA_get_method()** returns a pointer to the RSA_METHOD being
used by **rsa**. This method may or may not be supplied by an ENGINE
implementation, but if it is, the return value can only be guaranteed to be
valid as long as the RSA key itself is valid and does not have its
implementation changed by **RSA_set_method()**.

**RSA_flags()** returns the **flags** that are set for
**rsa**'s current RSA_METHOD. See the BUGS section.

**RSA_new_method()** allocates and initializes an RSA structure
so that **engine** will be used for the RSA operations. If **engine**
is NULL, the default ENGINE for RSA operations is used, and if no default
ENGINE is set, the RSA_METHOD controlled by **RSA_set_default_method()**
is used.

**RSA_flags()** returns the **flags** that are set for
**rsa**'s current method.

**RSA_new_method()** allocates and initializes an **RSA**
structure so that **method** will be used for the RSA operations. If
**method** is **NULL**, the default method is used.

# THE RSA_METHOD STRUCTURE¶

typedef struct rsa_meth_st { /* name of the implementation */ const char *name; /* encrypt */ int (*rsa_pub_enc)(int flen, unsigned char *from, unsigned char *to, RSA *rsa, int padding); /* verify arbitrary data */ int (*rsa_pub_dec)(int flen, unsigned char *from, unsigned char *to, RSA *rsa, int padding); /* sign arbitrary data */ int (*rsa_priv_enc)(int flen, unsigned char *from, unsigned char *to, RSA *rsa, int padding); /* decrypt */ int (*rsa_priv_dec)(int flen, unsigned char *from, unsigned char *to, RSA *rsa, int padding); /* compute r0 = r0 ^ I mod rsa->n (May be NULL for some implementations) */ int (*rsa_mod_exp)(BIGNUM *r0, BIGNUM *I, RSA *rsa); /* compute r = a ^ p mod m (May be NULL for some implementations) */ int (*bn_mod_exp)(BIGNUM *r, BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *p, const BIGNUM *m, BN_CTX *ctx, BN_MONT_CTX *m_ctx); /* called at RSA_new */ int (*init)(RSA *rsa); /* called at RSA_free */ int (*finish)(RSA *rsa); /* * RSA_FLAG_EXT_PKEY - rsa_mod_exp is called for private key * operations, even if p,q,dmp1,dmq1,iqmp * are NULL * RSA_METHOD_FLAG_NO_CHECK - don't check pub/private match */ int flags; char *app_data; /* ?? */ int (*rsa_sign)(int type, const unsigned char *m, unsigned int m_length, unsigned char *sigret, unsigned int *siglen, const RSA *rsa); int (*rsa_verify)(int dtype, const unsigned char *m, unsigned int m_length, const unsigned char *sigbuf, unsigned int siglen, const RSA *rsa); /* keygen. If NULL built-in RSA key generation will be used */ int (*rsa_keygen)(RSA *rsa, int bits, BIGNUM *e, BN_GENCB *cb); } RSA_METHOD;

# RETURN VALUES¶

**RSA_PKCS1_OpenSSL()**, **RSA_PKCS1_null_method()**,
**RSA_get_default_method()** and **RSA_get_method()** return pointers
to the respective RSA_METHODs.

**RSA_set_default_method()** returns no value.

**RSA_set_method()** returns a pointer to the old RSA_METHOD
implementation that was replaced. However, this return value should probably
be ignored because if it was supplied by an ENGINE, the pointer could be
invalidated at any time if the ENGINE is unloaded (in fact it could be
unloaded as a result of the **RSA_set_method()** function releasing its
handle to the ENGINE). For this reason, the return type may be replaced with
a **void** declaration in a future release.

**RSA_new_method()** returns NULL and sets an error code that
can be obtained by **ERR_get_error**(3) if the allocation fails.
Otherwise it returns a pointer to the newly allocated structure.

# BUGS¶

The behaviour of **RSA_flags()** is a mis-feature that is left
as-is for now to avoid creating compatibility problems. RSA functionality,
such as the encryption functions, are controlled by the **flags** value
in the RSA key itself, not by the **flags** value in the RSA_METHOD
attached to the RSA key (which is what this function returns). If the flags
element of an RSA key is changed, the changes will be honoured by RSA
functionality but will not be reflected in the return value of the
**RSA_flags()** function - in effect **RSA_flags()** behaves more like
an **RSA_default_flags()** function (which does not currently exist).

# SEE ALSO¶

**RSA_new**(3)

# HISTORY¶

All of these functions were deprecated in OpenSSL 3.0.

The **RSA_null_method()**, which was a partial attempt to avoid
patent issues, was replaced to always return NULL in OpenSSL 1.1.1.

# COPYRIGHT¶

Copyright 2000-2021 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.

Licensed under the Apache License 2.0 (the "License"). You may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You can obtain a copy in the file LICENSE in the source distribution or at <https://www.openssl.org/source/license.html>.

2022-05-06 | 3.0.3 |