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KOPANO-GATEWAY.CFG(5) Kopano Core user reference KOPANO-GATEWAY.CFG(5)


kopano-gateway.cfg - The Kopano gateway configuration file




The gateway.cfg is a configuration file for the Kopano Gateway. gateway.cfg contains instructions for the software to set up the logging system and to enable or disable the POP3, POP3S, IMAP or IMAPS part of the service.


The file consists of one big section, but parameters can be grouped by functionality.

The parameters are written in the form:

name = value

The file is line-based. Each newline-terminated line represents either a comment, nothing, a parameter or a directive. A line beginning with `#' is considered a comment, and will be ignored by Kopano. Parameter names are case sensitive. Lines beginning with `!' are directives.

Directives are written in the form:

!directive [argument(s)]

The following directives exist:


Include and process argument

Example: !include common.cfg



IP address to bind to. Leave empty to bind to all addresses.

Default: (empty)


Hostname of the server to print to a client in the logon greeting. Leave empty to use DNS to find the hostname.



Whether to show the hostname in the logon greeting to clients. This config option is reloadable using the HUP signal.

Default: no


Enable POP3 service with value yes. All other values disable the service.

Default: yes


The POP3 service will listen on this port for incoming connections.

Default: 110


Enable POP3S service with value yes. All other values disable the service.

Default: yes


The POP3S service will listen on this port for incoming connections.

Default: 995


Enable IMAP service with value yes. All other values disable the service.

Default: yes


The IMAP service will listen on this port for incoming connections.

Default: 143


Enable IMAPS service with value yes. All other values disable the service.

Default: yes


The IMAPS service will listen on this port for incoming connections.

Default: 993


The http address of the storage server.

Default: http://localhost:236/

It is not advised to specify the UNIX socket here, but the http address instead. In default configuration the gateway will then be trusted by the storage server (as set in its local_admin_users configuration setting). Unless is run as an untrusted user, by specifying the run_as_user, the gateway always authenticates users even if they provide no or wrong credentials!


After correctly starting, the gateway process will become this user, dropping root privileges. Note that the log file needs to be writeable by this user, and the directory too to create new logfiles after logrotation. This can also be achieved by setting the correct group and permissions.

Default value is empty, not changing the user after starting.


After correctly starting, the gateway process will become this group, dropping root privileges.

Default value is empty, not changing the group after starting.


Write the process ID number to this file. This is used by the init.d script to correctly stop/restart the service.

Default: /var/run/kopano/


Change directory to this path when running in daemonize mode. When using the -F switch to run in the foreground the directory will not be changed.

Default: /


When a crash occurs or an assertion fails, a coredump file can be generated. This file should be sent along with the crash report. It is turned on by default in Kopano, but your system may have it disabled. For details, see the kopano-coredump(5) manpage.


You can change the process model between fork and thread. The forked model uses somewhat more resources, but if a crash is triggered, this will only affect one user. In the threaded model, a crash means all users are affected, and will not be able to use the service.

Default: thread


This parameter can be used to skip password verification when connecting over the UNIX socket. Connecting through the UNIX socket can have a big performance gain, compared to the TCP socket of kopano-server. As kopano-gateway is usually running as the user kopano (which is a local_admin_user in kopano-server) this would normally mean that kopano-gateway would only verify usernames and no password (because its running as an administrator). When set to no (default value) forces verification of passwords, even when running as an administrator. For migrations you will want to set yes.

Default: no


Enable the IMAP and IMAPS service to only show the mailfolders. This is the default behaviour. When this option is set to 'no', you will also be able to select you calendar and contacts and such. These views will not contain all information, since these items cannot be converted to a rfc-822 mail item.

Default: yes


Enable the IMAP and IMAPS service to also show the public store with subfolders. This is the default behaviour. When this option is set to 'no', IMAP clients will only see the users' folder.

Default: yes


Allow IMAP clients to issue the IDLE command. When an IMAP client is idle, it may receive notifications from the server about changes of the selected folder. This may increase load on the server when many users are using the IMAP service.

Default: yes


Limit the maximum message size (in bytes) which can be created by an IMAP client. The maximum of this value is 4GB although this is not recommended. If the value is too high it will cause a segmentation fault. This value may contain a k, m or g multiplier.

Default: 128M


Normally when you delete an e-mail in an IMAP client, it will only be marked as deleted, and not removed from the folder. The client should send the EXPUNGE command to actually remove the item from the folder (where Kopano will place it in the soft-delete system). When this option is set to yes, the kopano-gateway will issue the expunge command itself directly after a 'mark as delete' command was received.

Default: no


Maximum of failed commands before forcibly closing connection of client. This makes sure that a client which does repeatedly fails on a specific connection (like opening folders over and over again which do not exist) does not affect the overall performance of the gateway process. With the default value set to 10, normal operation will work for most productionenvironments. With IMAP migrations, this value should be set higher as many traditional IMAP migration tools try to fetch folders which do not necessarily exist before, so in a migration scenario this value should be set higher, at minimum to the number of folders to be migrated from the largest mailbox.

Default: 10


Some MUAs are sending commands via idle causing the connection to reach imap_max_fail_commands and leaves the client in a broken state. The clients include Apple Mail. If you experience problems or uses Apple Mail set this option to yes.

Default: no


Disable all plaintext POP3 and IMAP authentications unless SSL/TLS is used (except for connections originating from localhost, to allow saslauthd with rimap). Obviously, this requires at least ssl_private_key_file and ssl_certificate_file to take effect.

Default: no


The gateway will use this file as private key for SSL TLS. This file can be created with: openssl genrsa -out /etc/kopano/gateway/privkey.pem 2048.

Default: /etc/kopano/gateway/privkey.pem


The gateway will use this file as certificate for SSL TLS. A self-signed certificate can be created with: openssl req -new -x509 -key /etc/kopano/gateway/privkey.pem -out /etc/kopano/gateway/cert.pem -days 1095.

Default: /etc/kopano/gateway/cert.pem


Enable client certificate verification with value yes. All other values disable the verification.

Default: no


The file to verify the clients certificates with.

Default: value not set.


The path with the files to verify the clients certificates with.

Default: value not set.


Disabled or enabled protocol names. Supported protocol names are SSLv3 and TLSv1. If Kopano was linked against OpenSSL 1.0.1 or later there is additional support for the new protocols TLSv1.1 and TLSv1.2. To exclude both SSLv3 and TLSv1, set server_ssl_protocols to !SSLv3 !TLSv1.

Default: SSLv2 being disabled


SSL ciphers to use, set to ALL for backward compatibility.

Default: ALL:!LOW:!SSLv2:!EXP:!aNULL


Prefer the server's order of SSL ciphers over client's.

Default: no


The method which should be used for logging. Valid values are:

Use the Linux system log. All messages will be written to the mail facility. See also syslog.conf(5).
Log to a file. The filename will be specified in log_file.

Default: file


When logging to a file, specify the filename in this parameter. Use - (minus sign) for stderr output.

Default: /var/log/kopano/gateway.log


The level of output for logging in the range from 0 to 5. 0=no logging, 5=full logging.

Default: 2


Specify whether to prefix each log line with a timestamp in 'file' logging mode.

Default: 1


Buffer logging in what sized blocks. The special value 0 selects line buffering.

Default: 0


The following options are reloadable by sending the kopano-gateway process a HUP signal:




The Kopano gateway configuration file.


Written by Kopano.



November 2016 Kopano 8