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ipa-getkeytab(1) FreeIPA Manual Pages ipa-getkeytab(1)


ipa-getkeytab - Get a keytab for a Kerberos principal


ipa-getkeytab -p principal-name -k keytab-file [ -e encryption-types ] [ -s ipaserver ] [ -q ] [ -D|--binddn BINDDN ] [ -w|--bindpw ] [ -W ] [ -P|--password PASSWORD ] [ --cacert CACERT ] [ -H|--ldapuri URI ] [ -Y|--mech GSSAPI|EXTERNAL ] [ -r ]


Retrieves a Kerberos keytab.

Kerberos keytabs are used for services (like sshd) to perform Kerberos authentication. A keytab is a file with one or more secrets (or keys) for a Kerberos principal.

A Kerberos service principal is a Kerberos identity that can be used for authentication. Service principals contain the name of the service, the hostname of the server, and the realm name. For example, the following is an example principal for an ldap server:


When using ipa-getkeytab the realm name is already provided, so the principal name is just the service name and hostname (ldap/ from the example above).

ipa-getkeytab is used during IPA client enrollment to retrieve a host service principal and store it in /etc/krb5.keytab. It is possible to retrieve the keytab without Kerberos credentials if the host was pre-created with a one-time password. The keytab can be retrieved by binding as the host and authenticating with this one-time password. The -D|--binddn -w|--bindpw options are used for this authentication. -W can be used instead of -w|--bindpw to interactively prompt for the bind password.

WARNING: retrieving the keytab resets the secret for the Kerberos principal. This renders all other keytabs for that principal invalid. When multiple hosts or services need to share the same key (for instance in high availability or load balancing clusters), the -r option must be used to retrieve the existing key instead of generating a new one (please refer to the EXAMPLES section).

Note that the user or host calling ipa-getkeytab needs to be allowed to generate the key with ipa host-allow-create-keytab or ipa service-allow-create-keytab, and the user or host calling ipa-getkeytab -r needs to be allowed to retrieve the keytab for the host or service with ipa host-allow-retrieve-keytab or ipa service-allow-retrieve-keytab.


-p principal-name
The non-realm part of the full principal name.
-k keytab-file
The keytab file where to append the new key (will be created if it does not exist).
-e encryption-types
The list of encryption types to use to generate keys. ipa-getkeytab will use local client defaults if not provided. Valid values depend on the Kerberos library version and configuration. Common values are: aes256-cts aes128-cts des3-hmac-sha1 arcfour-hmac des-hmac-sha1 des-cbc-md5 des-cbc-crc
-s ipaserver
The IPA server to retrieve the keytab from (FQDN). If this option is not provided the server name is read from the IPA configuration file (/etc/ipa/default.conf). Cannot be used together with -H.
Quiet mode. Only errors are displayed.
This options returns a description of the permitted encryption types, like this: Supported encryption types: AES-256 CTS mode with 96-bit SHA-1 HMAC AES-128 CTS mode with 96-bit SHA-1 HMAC Triple DES cbc mode with HMAC/sha1 ArcFour with HMAC/md5 DES cbc mode with CRC-32 DES cbc mode with RSA-MD5 DES cbc mode with RSA-MD4
-P, --password
Use this password for the key instead of one randomly generated.
-D, --binddn
The LDAP DN to bind as when retrieving a keytab without Kerberos credentials. Generally used with the -w or -W options.
-w, --bindpw
The LDAP password to use when not binding with Kerberos. -D and -w can not be used together with -Y.
Interactive prompt for the bind password. -D and -W can not be used together with -Y
The path to the IPA CA certificate used to validate LDAPS/STARTTLS connections. Defaults to /etc/ipa/ca.crt
-H, --ldapuri
LDAP URI. If ldap:// is specified, STARTTLS is initiated by default. Can not be used with -s.
-Y, --mech
SASL mechanism to use if -D and -w are not specified. Use either GSSAPI or EXTERNAL.
Retrieve mode. Retrieve an existing key from the server instead of generating a new one. This is incompatible with the --password option, and will work only against a FreeIPA server more recent than version 3.3. The user requesting the keytab must have access to the keys for this operation to succeed.


Add and retrieve a keytab for the NFS service principal on the host and save it in the file /tmp/nfs.keytab and retrieve just the des-cbc-crc key.

   # ipa-getkeytab -p nfs/ -k /tmp/nfs.keytab -e des-cbc-crc

Add and retrieve a keytab for the ldap service principal on the host and save it in the file /tmp/ldap.keytab.

   # ipa-getkeytab -s -p ldap/ -k /tmp/ldap.keytab

Retrieve a keytab using LDAP credentials (this will typically be done by ipa-join(1) when enrolling a client using the ipa-client-install(1) command:

   # ipa-getkeytab -s -p host/ -k /etc/krb5.keytab -D,cn=computers,cn=accounts,dc=example,dc=com -w password

Add and retrieve a keytab for a clustered HTTP service deployed on and (already enrolled), using the host name:

   # ipa host-add --ip-address
   # ipa service-add HTTP/
   # ipa service-allow-retrieve-keytab HTTP/ --hosts={,}
   # ipa server-allow-create-keytab HTTP/

On client1, generate and retrieve a new keytab for

   # kinit -k
   # ipa-getkeytab -p HTTP/ -k /tmp/http.keytab
On client2, retrieve the existing keytab for
   # kinit -k
   # ipa-getkeytab -r -p HTTP/ -k /tmp/http.keytab


The exit status is 0 on success, nonzero on error.

0 Success

1 Kerberos context initialization failed

2 Incorrect usage

3 Out of memory

4 Invalid service principal name

5 No Kerberos credentials cache

6 No Kerberos principal and no bind DN and password

7 Failed to open keytab

8 Failed to create key material

9 Setting keytab failed

10 Bind password required when using a bind DN

11 Failed to add key to keytab

12 Failed to close keytab

Oct 10 2007 FreeIPA