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||General Commands Manual
midicopy - Copy selected track, channel, time interval of a MIDI file to another
midicopy [-ver] [-trks n1,n2,..] [-xtrks
n1,n2,..] [-chans n1,n2,...] [-from n (in midi
ticks)] [-to n (in midi ticks)] [-fromsec %f n (in
seconds)] [-tosec n (in seconds)] [-frombeat %f n
(in beats)] [-tosec n (in beats)] [-replace
trk,loc,val] [-tempo %n] [-speed %f] [-drumfocus
n m] [-mutenodrum [%d]]
[-setdrumloudness n m] input.mid
midicopy is used to copy part of a MIDI file to another MIDI file. You
can select a particular time interval, particular channels, and particular
tracks or any combinations. If one or both of the run time parameters -from or
-to are included, the program returns the playing time in seconds of the
output file. Midicopy was developed by Seymour Shlien from the midifilelib
distribution available from
- prints version number and then exits
- -trks n1,n2, etc
- Selects the tracks to be copied where the track numbers start from 1. If
more than one track is specified, they should be separated by commas. You
should always copy track 1 since by convention it contains information
pertinent to all the other tracks. By default all tracks are copied unless
you specify particular tracks using this run time parameter.
- -xtrks n1,n2, etc
- Lists the tracks to exclude from copying. All other tracks are copied.
This option does not work in combination with -trks.
- -chns n
- Like above, it specifies the MIDI channels to be copied. By default all
channels are copied. Channel numbers also start from 1.
- -from n
- The program will copy all MIDI commands starting from midi pulse number n.
By default it will start from time zero or the beginning of the MIDI
- -to n
- Stops copying all events after midi pulse number n. By default the file is
copied to the end.
- -frombeat n
- The program will copy all MIDI commands starting from quarter beat number
n. By default it will start from time zero or the beginning of the MIDI
- -tobeat n
- Stops copying all events after quarter beat number n. By default the file
is copied to the end.
- -fromsec n
- The program will copy all MIDI commands starting from time n in
- -tosec n
- Stops copying all events after time n in seconds. These two options
(-fromsec and -tosec) do not work accurately if the MIDI file has more
than one tempo command. Only the first one is used for converting seconds
into MIDI pulse units. It is therefore preferable to use the -from and -to
- -replace trk,loc,val
- This option should be used alone. Midicopy will copy the entire file
verbatim except it will replace a byte by val, where the byte is located
in the specified track (trk) and specified position (loc). Commonly this
function is used for changing a particular MIDI program number
(instrument) associated with a channel. You need to know the byte count in
the track of that parameter in order to use this function,
- -tempo quarter notes/minute
- All tempo indications in the midi file will be replaced with the above
- -speed factor
- All tempo indications in the midi file will be multiplied with this
factor. Values greater than 1.0 will speed up the music while lower values
slow the music. The factor is a floating point value.
- -drumfocus drum-code excluded_drum_velocities
- The selected drum line (specified by the drum-code pitch value) is
highlighted by reducing the loudness of all other drum lines to the
excluded_drum_velocities value. The drum-code value must be in the range
of 35 to 81 inclusive.
- -mutenodrum [level]
- All channels which are not 9 (drum channel) are attenuated to the given
level. If level is not specified, it is assumed to be zero.
- -setdrumloudness n m
- where n is between 35 to 81 inclusive and m is the loudness between 0 and
127. The loudness of all instances of drum n are changed to m.
midicopy.exe -trks 1,5 -from 2669 -to 8634 uzicko.mid fragment.mid
Midicopy will copy tracks 1 and 5 starting from midi pulse position 2669 and
ending at MIDI pulse position 8634.
abcmtex(1), abc2abc(1), abc2midi(1), midi2abc(1)
This manual page was written by Seymour Shlien.
This man page describes midicopy version 1.20 from October 28 2013.