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PCRE2_MATCH(3) Library Functions Manual PCRE2_MATCH(3)


PCRE2 - Perl-compatible regular expressions (revised API)


#include <pcre2.h>

int pcre2_match(const pcre2_code *code, PCRE2_SPTR subject,
  PCRE2_SIZE length, PCRE2_SIZE startoffset,
  uint32_t options, pcre2_match_data *match_data,
  pcre2_match_context *mcontext);


This function matches a compiled regular expression against a given subject string, using a matching algorithm that is similar to Perl's. It returns offsets to what it has matched and to captured substrings via the match_data block, which can be processed by functions with names that start with pcre2_get_ovector_...() or pcre2_substring_...(). The return from pcre2_match() is one more than the highest numbered capturing pair that has been set (for example, 1 if there are no captures), zero if the vector of offsets is too small, or a negative error code for no match and other errors. The function arguments are:

code Points to the compiled pattern subject Points to the subject string length Length of the subject string startoffset Offset in the subject at which to start matching options Option bits match_data Points to a match data block, for results mcontext Points to a match context, or is NULL

A match context is needed only if you want to:

Set up a callout function Set a matching offset limit Change the heap memory limit Change the backtracking match limit Change the backtracking depth limit Set custom memory management specifically for the match

The length and startoffset values are code units, not characters. The length may be given as PCRE2_ZERO_TERMINATE for a subject that is terminated by a binary zero code unit. The options are:

PCRE2_ANCHORED Match only at the first position PCRE2_ENDANCHORED Pattern can match only at end of subject PCRE2_NOTBOL Subject string is not the beginning of a line PCRE2_NOTEOL Subject string is not the end of a line PCRE2_NOTEMPTY An empty string is not a valid match PCRE2_NOTEMPTY_ATSTART An empty string at the start of the subject is not a valid match PCRE2_NO_JIT Do not use JIT matching PCRE2_NO_UTF_CHECK Do not check the subject for UTF validity (only relevant if PCRE2_UTF was set at compile time) PCRE2_PARTIAL_HARD Return PCRE2_ERROR_PARTIAL for a partial match even if there is a full match PCRE2_PARTIAL_SOFT Return PCRE2_ERROR_PARTIAL for a partial match if no full matches are found

For details of partial matching, see the pcre2partial page. There is a complete description of the PCRE2 native API in the pcre2api page and a description of the POSIX API in the pcre2posix page.

14 November 2017 PCRE2 10.31