|MQ_RECEIVE(2)||System Calls Manual||MQ_RECEIVE(2)|
LIBRARY¶POSIX Real-time Library (librt, -lrt)
char *msg_ptr, size_t msg_len,
char *msg_ptr, size_t msg_len,
unsigned *msg_prio, const struct
mq_receive() system call receives oldest of the highest priority message(s) from the message queue specified by mqdes. If the size of the buffer in bytes, specified by the msg_len argument, is less than the mq_msgsize attribute of the message queue, the system call will fail and return an error. Otherwise, the selected message will be removed from the queue and copied to the buffer pointed to by the msg_ptr argument.
If the argument msg_prio is not
NULL, the priority of the selected message will be
stored in the location referenced by msg_prio. If the
specified message queue is empty and
not set in the message queue description associated with
mq_receive() will block
until a message is enqueued on the message queue or until
mq_receive() is interrupted by a signal. If more
than one thread is waiting to receive a message when a message arrives at an
empty queue and the Priority Scheduling option is supported, then the thread
of highest priority that has been waiting the longest will be selected to
receive the message. Otherwise, it is unspecified which waiting thread
receives the message. If the specified message queue is empty and
O_NONBLOCK is set in the message queue description
associated with mqdes, no message will be removed from
the queue, and
mq_receive() will return an
mq_timedreceive() system call will
receive the oldest of the highest priority messages from the message queue
specified by mqdes as described for the
mq_receive() system call. However, if
O_NONBLOCK was not specified when the message queue
was opened via the
mq_open() system call, and no
message exists on the queue to satisfy the receive, the wait for such a
message will be terminated when the specified timeout expires. If
O_NONBLOCK is set, this system call is equivalent to
The timeout expires when the absolute time specified by abs_timeout passes, as measured by the clock on which timeouts are based (that is, when the value of that clock equals or exceeds abs_timeout), or if the absolute time specified by abs_timeout has already been passed at the time of the call.
The timeout is based on the
RETURN VALUES¶Upon successful completion, the
mq_timedreceive() system calls return the length of the selected message in bytes and the message is removed from the queue. Otherwise, no message is removed from the queue, the system call returns a value of -1, and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error.
mq_timedreceive() system calls will fail if:
O_NONBLOCKflag is set in the message queue description associated with mqdes, and the specified message queue is empty.
- The mqdes argument is not a valid message queue descriptor open for reading.
- The specified message buffer size, msg_len, is less than the message size attribute of the message queue.
mq_timedreceive() operation was interrupted by a signal.
- The process or thread would have blocked, and the abs_timeout parameter specified a nanoseconds field value less than zero or greater than or equal to 1000 million.
O_NONBLOCKflag was not set when the message queue was opened, but no message arrived on the queue before the specified timeout expired.
SEE ALSO¶mq_open(2), mq_send(2), mq_timedsend(2)
mq_timedreceive() system calls conform to IEEE Std 1003.1-2004 (“POSIX.1”).
HISTORY¶Support for POSIX message queues first appeared in FreeBSD 7.0.
COPYRIGHT¶Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2004 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2004 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html.
|November 29, 2005||Linux 4.19.0-10-amd64|