|DISK(9)||Kernel Developer's Manual||DISK(9)|
struct disk *
disk *disk, int
disk *disk, int
disk *disk, const char
DESCRIPTION¶The disk storage API permits kernel device drivers providing access to disk-like storage devices to advertise the device to other kernel components, including GEOM(4) and devfs(5).
Each disk device is described by a struct disk structure, which contains a variety of parameters for the disk device, function pointers for various methods that may be performed on the device, as well as private data storage for the device driver. In addition, some fields are reserved for use by GEOM in managing access to the device and its statistics.
GEOM has the ownership of struct disk, and
drivers must allocate storage for it with the
disk_alloc() function, fill in the fields and call
disk_create() when the device is ready to service
disk_add_alias() adds an alias for the
disk and must be called before
may be called multiple times. For each alias added, a device node will be
created with make_dev_alias(9) in the same way primary
device nodes are created with make_dev(9) for
d_name and d_unit. Care should
be taken to ensure that only one driver creates aliases for any given name.
disk_resize() can be called by the driver after
modifying d_mediasize to notify GEOM about the disk
capacity change. The flags field should be set to
either M_WAITOK, or M_NOWAIT.
all of the providers associated with the drive, setting an error condition
of ENXIO in each one. In addition, it prevents a re-taste on last close for
writing if an error condition has been set in the provider. After calling
disk_destroy(), the device driver is not allowed to
access the contents of struct disk anymore.
disk_create() function takes a second
parameter, version, which must always be passed
DISK_VERSION. If GEOM detects that the driver is
compiled against an unsupported version, it will ignore the device and print
a warning on the console.
Descriptive Fields¶The following fields identify the disk device described by the structure instance, and must be filled in prior to submitting the structure to
disk_create() and may not be subsequently changed:
- u_int d_flags
- Optional flags indicating to the storage framework what optional features
or descriptions the storage device driver supports. Currently supported
DISKFLAG_OPEN(maintained by storage framework),
DISKFLAG_CANDELETE(maintained by device driver), and
DISKFLAG_CANFLUSHCACHE(maintained by device driver).
- const char * d_name
- Holds the name of the storage device class, e.g.,
ahd”. This value typically uniquely identifies a particular driver device, and must not conflict with devices serviced by other device drivers.
- u_int d_unit
- Holds the instance of the storage device class, e.g.,
4”. This namespace is managed by the device driver, and assignment of unit numbers might be a property of probe order, or in some cases topology. Together, the d_name and d_unit values will uniquely identify a disk storage device.
Disk Device Methods¶The following fields identify various disk device methods, if implemented:
- disk_open_t * d_open
- Optional: invoked when the disk device is opened. If no method is provided, open will always succeed.
- disk_close_t * d_close
- Optional: invoked when the disk device is closed. Although an error code may be returned, the call should always terminate any state setup by the corresponding open method call.
- disk_strategy_t * d_strategy
- Mandatory: invoked when a new struct bio is to be initiated on the disk device.
- disk_ioctl_t * d_ioctl
- Optional: invoked when an I/O control operation is initiated on the disk device. Please note that for security reasons these operations should not be able to affect other devices than the one on which they are performed.
- dumper_t * d_dump
- Optional: if configured with dumpon(8), this function is invoked from a very restricted system state after a kernel panic to record a copy of the system RAM to the disk.
- disk_getattr_t * d_getattr
- Optional: if this method is provided, it gives the disk driver the opportunity to override the default GEOM response to BIO_GETATTR requests. This function should return -1 if the attribute is not handled, 0 if the attribute is handled, or an errno to be passed to g_io_deliver().
- disk_gone_t * d_gone
- Optional: if this method is provided, it will be called after disk_gone() is called, once GEOM has finished its cleanup process. Once this callback is called, it is safe for the disk driver to free all of its resources, as it will not be receiving further calls from GEOM.
Mandatory Media Properties¶The following fields identify the size and granularity of the disk device. These fields must stay stable from return of the drivers open method until the close method is called, but it is perfectly legal to modify them in the open method before returning.
- u_int d_sectorsize
- The sector size of the disk device in bytes.
- off_t d_mediasize
- The size of the disk device in bytes.
- u_int d_maxsize
- The maximum supported size in bytes of an I/O request. Requests larger than this size will be chopped up by GEOM.
Optional Media Properties¶These optional fields can provide extra information about the disk device. Do not initialize these fields if the field/concept does not apply. These fields must stay stable from return of the drivers open method until the close method is called, but it is perfectly legal to modify them in the open method before returning.
- u_int d_fwsectors, u_int d_fwheads
- The number of sectors and heads advertised on the disk device by the firmware or BIOS. These values are almost universally bogus, but on some architectures necessary for the correct calculation of disk partitioning.
- u_int d_stripeoffset, u_int d_stripesize
- These two fields can be used to describe the width and location of natural performance boundaries for most disk technologies. Please see src/sys/geom/notes for details.
- char d_ident[DISK_IDENT_SIZE]
- This field can and should be used to store disk's serial number if the d_getattr method described above isn't implemented, or if it does not support the GEOM::ident attribute.
- char d_descr[DISK_IDENT_SIZE]
- This field can be used to store the disk vendor and product description.
- uint16_t d_hba_vendor
- This field can be used to store the PCI vendor ID for the HBA connected to the disk.
- uint16_t d_hba_device
- This field can be used to store the PCI device ID for the HBA connected to the disk.
- uint16_t d_hba_subvendor
- This field can be used to store the PCI subvendor ID for the HBA connected to the disk.
- uint16_t d_hba_subdevice
- This field can be used to store the PCI subdevice ID for the HBA connected to the disk.
Driver Private Data¶This field may be used by the device driver to store a pointer to private data to implement the disk service.
- void * d_drv1
- Private data pointer. Typically used to store a pointer to the drivers softc structure for this disk device.
SEE ALSO¶GEOM(4), devfs(5), MAKE_DEV(9)
AUTHORS¶This manual page was written by Robert Watson.
BUGS¶Disk aliases are not a general purpose aliasing mechanism, but are intended only to ease the transition from one name to another. They can be used to ensure that nvd0 and nda0 are the same thing. They cannot be used to implement the diskX concept from macOS.
|August 3, 2017||Linux 4.19.0-10-amd64|