|IMAP::Shell(3pm)||User Contributed Perl Documentation||IMAP::Shell(3pm)|
NAME¶Cyrus::IMAP::Shell - Perl version of cyradm
$ cyradm [--user authid] [--authz authzid] [--[no]rc] [--systemrc file] [--userrc file] \ > [--port n] [--auth mechanism] [--server] server
$ perl -MCyrus::IMAP::Shell -e 'run("myscript")'
or even (not recommended)
use Cyrus::IMAP::Admin::Shell; run('myscriptname');
DESCRIPTION¶This module implements cyradm in Perl. It is a shell around Cyrus::IMAP::Admin. Commands are provided in both Tcl-compatible forms and GNU-style long option forms.
The ``cyradm`` utility is a simple command line for performing common administrative tasks on a Cyrus IMAP server, written in Perl.
The cyradm utility can either be executed from a client where it has been installed and connect to the server via IMAP or it can be executed locally via a shell on the server.
cyradm understands /bin/sh-style redirection: any command can have its standard or error output redirected, with all sh-style redirections (except \<\>) supported. It does not currently understand pipes or backgrounding.
If the Term::Readline::Perl or Term::Readline::GNU modules are available, cyradm will use it.
- "--u", "--user" user
- Authenticate with the specified username.
- "--authz" user
- Authorize the connection as being the specified username.
- "--norc", "--rc"
- (Do not) load the configuration files.
- "--systemrc" file
- Use the system configuration file specified.
- "--userrc" file
- Use the user configuration file specified.
- "--port" port
- Connect to the *server* specified on the port specified.
- "--auth" mechanism
- Use the mechanism specified to authenticate. One of PLAIN, LOGIN, DIGEST-MD5, etc.
- Show a help message about these command-line options.
- Display the version of Cyrus IMAP the current ``cyradm`` command is a part of.
- "--server" server
- The server address to connect to.
authenticate¶authenticate ["--minssf" N] ["--maxssf" N] ["--mechanisms" list] ["--service" name] ["--tlskey" keyfile] ["--notls"] ["--cafile" cacertfile] ["--capath" cacertdir] user
Authenticate to server. You must already be connected to a server and Cyrus imapd will refuse to allow you to re-authenticate once you have authenticated once.
aliases: "auth", "login"
Change directory. A "pwd" builtin is not provided, but the default command action will run "pwd" from a shell if invoked.
createmailbox¶createmailbox ["--partition" partition] ["--specialuse" specialuse] mailbox
createmailbox ["--specialuse" specialuse] mailbox partition
Create a mailbox on the default or a specified partition. Both old-style and getopt-style usages are accepted (combining them will produce an error). Optionally assign a special use to the mailbox.
New mailboxes inherit the ACL permissions of their parent mailbox, except for top-level mailboxes such as the user's INBOX. Mailboxes that are the user's INBOX are assigned all to the corresponding user.
- Example Usage
localhost> :command:`cm user.john` localhost> :command:`lm` user.john (\HasNoChildren) localhost> :command:`lam user.john` john lrswipkxtecda
Note that in the above example, the "unixhierarchysep" setting in imapd.conf is set to 0. When using the UNIX hierarchy separator, the "/" (forward slash) character would be used as the hierarchy separator, and the example would look as follows:
- Example Usage with "unixhierarchysep: 1"
localhost> :command:`cm user/john` localhost> :command:`lm` user/john (\HasNoChildren) localhost> :command:`lam user/john` john lrswipkxtecda
- The above examples use the unqualified, shorthand user identifier john as
the mailbox name.
With the use of virtual domains, controlled through the "virtdomains" setting in imapd.conf(5).
aliases: "cm", "create"
deleteaclmailbox¶deleteaclmailbox mailbox id [...]
Remove ACLs from the specified mailbox.
aliases: "delteacl", "dam"
Delete the specified mailbox.
Administrators do not have implicit delete rights on mailboxes. Use the "setaclmailbox" command to grant the "x" permission to your principal if you need to delete a mailbox you do not own.
Note that the online help admits to an optional host argument. This argument is not currently used, and will be rejected with an error if specified; it is reserved for IMSP.
aliases: "delete", "dm"
Disconnect from the current server. The prompt will revert to "cyradm>". This does not quit cyradm.
Exit "cyradm", optionally with a specific exit status; the exit status of the last command will be used if one is not specified.
Show help for "command" or all commands.
Display mailbox/server metadata
Display the mailbox/server annotations.
List ACLs on the specified mailbox.
aliases: "lam", "listacl"
listmailbox¶listmailbox ["--subscribed"] ["--specialuse"] [pattern [reference]]
List all, or all subscribed or special-use, mailboxes matching the specified pattern. The pattern may have embedded wildcards '*' or '%', which match anything or anything except the separator character, respectively.
Mailboxes returned will be relative to the specified reference if one is specified. This allows a mailbox list to be limited to a particular hierarchy.
In some cases when the '%' wildcard is used to end a pattern, it may match an entry which is not a mailbox but which contains other mailboxes. In this case, the entry will be parenthesized to indicate that it is a root for other mailboxes, as opposed to a mailbox itself.
aliases: "list", "lm"
List quotas on specified root. If the specified mailbox path does not have a quota assigned, an error will be raised; see "listquotaroot" for a way to find the quota root for a mailbox.
Show quota roots and quotas for mailbox
aliases: "lqm", "lqr"
mboxconfig¶mboxconfig ["--private"] mailbox attribute value
Set mailbox metadata, optionally set the private instead of the shared version of the metadata. A value of "none" will remove the attribute.
The currently supported attributes are:
- "comment" description
- Sets a comment or description associated with the mailbox.
- "expire" days
- Sets the number of days after which messages will be expired from the mailbox.
- "news2mail" address
- Sets an email address to which messages injected into the server via NNTP will be sent.
- "pop3showafter" time
- Sets a time (in RFC3501 format, for example "6-Jan-2011 11:45:32 +1100") which specifies a cutoff date such that POP3 fetching of the folder does not see messages whose internaldate is before or equal to the date.
- "sharedseen" true|false
- Enables the use of a shared \Seen flag on messages rather than a per-user \Seen flag. The 's' right in the mailbox ACL still controls whether a user can set the shared \Seen flag.
- "sieve" scriptname
- Indicates the name of the global sieve script that should be run when a message is delivered to the shared mailbox (not used for personal mailboxes).
- "squat" true|false
- Indicates that the mailbox should have a squat index created for it.
reconstruct¶reconstruct ["-r"] mailbox
Reconstruct the specified mailbox, optionally recursing and reconstructing child mailboxes if the "-r" flag is given.
For more information see reconstruct(8).
renamemailbox¶renamemailbox ["--partition" partition] oldname newname
renamemailbox oldname newname [partition]
Rename the specified mailbox, optionally moving it to a different partition. Both old-style and getopt-style usages are accepted; combining them will produce an error.
aliases: "rename", "renm"
server [--noauthenticate] [server]
With no arguments, show the current server. With an argument, connect to that server. It will prompt for automatic login unless the "--noauthenticate" option is specified. (This may change; in particular, either automatic authentication will be removed or all "authenticate" options will be added.)
When connected to a server, cyradm's prompt changes from "cyradm>" to "servername>", where servername is the fully qualified domain name of the connected server.
aliases: "connect", "servername"
setaclmailbox¶setaclmailbox mailbox id rights [id rights ...]
Set ACLs on a mailbox. The ACL may be one of the special strings "none", "read" ("lrs"), "post" ("lrsp"), "append" ("lrsip"), "write" ("lrswipkxte"), "delete" ("lrxte"), or "all" ("lrswipkxte"), or any combinations of the ACL codes:
- Lookup (mailbox is visible to LIST/LSUB, SUBSCRIBE mailbox)
- Read (SELECT/EXAMINE the mailbox, perform STATUS)
- Seen (set/clear \SEEN flag via STORE, also set \SEEN flag during APPEND/COPY/FETCH BODY[...])
- Write flags other than \SEEN and \DELETED
- Insert (APPEND, COPY destination)
- Post (send mail to mailbox)
- Create mailbox (CREATE new sub-mailboxes, parent for new mailbox in RENAME)
- Delete mailbox (DELETE mailbox, old mailbox name in RENAME)
- Delete messages (set/clear \DELETED flag via STORE, also set \DELETED flag during APPEND/COPY)
- Perform EXPUNGE and expunge as part of CLOSE
- Administer (SETACL/DELETEACL/GETACL/LISTRIGHTS)
aliases: "setacl", "sam"
setinfo¶setinfo attribute value
Set server metadata. A value of "none" will remove the attribute. The currently supported attributes are:
- "motd" message
- Sets a "message of the day". The message gets displayed as an ALERT upon connection.
- "comment" note
- Sets a comment or description associated with the server.
- "admin" address
- Sets the administrator email address for the server.
- "shutdown" message
- Sets a shutdown message. The message gets displayed as an ALERT and all users are disconnected from the server (subsequent logins are disallowed).
- "expire" days
- Sets the number of days after which messages will be expired from the server (unless overridden by a mailbox annotation).
- "squat" true|false
- Indicates that all mailboxes should have a squat indexes created for them (unless overridden by a mailbox annotation).
setmetadata¶setmetadata [--private] mailbox [annotation] value
Set metadata on mailbox, where annotation is one of [comment|expire|news2mail|pop3showafter|sharedseen|sieve|specialuse| squat|/<explicit annotation>].
Note that value with a leading backslash must be escaped with an additional backslash. For example:
setmetadata --private Spam specialuse "\\Junk"
Note, too, that "private" annotations are private to the user currently authenticated as, not necessarily the owner of the mailbox. To set annotations for another user you must authorize as that user.
In addition to the use of optional flag --private, one may use a more explicit syntax, prefixing the annotation with '/shared/' or '/private/' as in this example:
setmetadata Spam /private/specialuse "\\Junk"
setquota¶setquota root resource value [resource value ...]
Set a quota on the specified root, which may or may not be an actual mailbox. The resources understood by Cyrus are "STORAGE", "MESSAGE", "X-NUM-FOLDERS" and "X-ANNOTATION-STORAGE". The storage units are, as defined in RFC 2087, groups of 1024 octets (i.e. Kilobytes). The value may be the special string "none" which will remove the quota.
Subscribe to the given mailbox.
Unsubscribe to the given mailbox.
Display the version info of the current server.
xfermailbox¶xfermailbox ["--partition" partition] mailbox server
xfermailbox mailbox server [partition]
Transfer (relocate) the specified mailbox to a different server. Both old-style and getopt-style usages are accepted; combining them will produce an error.
NOTES¶GNU-style long options must be given in their entirety; Tcl-style options may be abbreviated.
Tcl-style options are provided as a compatibility feature. They will probably go away in the future.
Multiple commands can be given on a line, separated by ';' characters.
All commands set an exit status, which at present is not useful.
Unknown commands are passed to a subshell for execution.
The Tcl version of cyradm is used for scripting as well as interactively. While this is possible to a limited extent by use of the "run" method, scripting would normally be done with "Cyrus::IMAP::Admin", which is far more flexible than either interactive "cyradm" or the Tcl scripting mechanism for Cyrus.
cyradm understands /bin/sh-style redirection: any command can have its standard or error output redirected, with all sh-style redirections (except "<>") supported. It does not currently understand pipes or backgrounding.
If the "Term::Readline::Perl" or "Term::Readline::GNU" modules are available, cyradm will use it.
An alias facility is implemented internally, but no access is currently provided to it. This will change, if only to allow some of the predefined aliases to be removed if they conflict with useful shell commands.
AUTHOR¶Brandon S. Allbery, firstname.lastname@example.org
SEE ALSO¶Cyrus::IMAP::Admin, Term::ReadLine, sh(1), perl(1), imapd(8), imapd.conf(5), reconstruct(8)