|VACATION(1)||General Commands Manual||VACATION(1)|
vacation — return
“I am not here” indication
vacation returns a message to the sender
of a message telling them that you are currently not reading your mail. The
intended use is in a .forward file. For example,
your .forward file might have:
\eric, "|/usr/bin/vacation -a allman eric"
which would send messages to you (assuming your login name was eric) and reply to any messages for “eric” or “allman”.
- Handle messages for alias in the same manner as
those received for the user's login name. Using
-aalias multiple times is possible.
- Copy the vacation messages to ccaddr.
- Print messages to stderr instead of syslog.
- Uses db as the database file.
- Uses msg as the message file.
- Reply to the message even if our address cannot be found in the “To:” or “Cc:” headers. This option is very dangerous and should be used with extreme care.
- Set the envelope sender of the reply message to “<>”.
- Initialize the vacation database files. It should be used before you modify your .forward file.
- Set the reply interval to interval days. The default
is one week. An interval of “0” means that a reply is sent
to each message, and an interval of
infinite” (actually, any non-numeric character) will never send more than one reply. It should be noted that intervals of “
0” are quite dangerous, as it allows mailers to get into “I am on vacation” loops.
- Reads a list of addresses from standard input, one per line, and adds them to the vacation database. Mail coming from these excluded addresses will not get a reply. Whole domains can be excluded using the syntax “@domain”.
- Print the contents of the vacation database files. For each entry, the address the reply has been sent to and the associated time will be printed to standard output.
When started without arguments,
will guide the user through the configuration process.
No message will be sent unless login (or an
alias supplied using the
option) is part of either the “To:” or “Cc:”
headers of the mail. No messages from “???-REQUEST”,
“Postmaster”, “UUCP”, “MAILER”, or
“MAILER-DAEMON” will be replied to (where these strings are
case insensitive) nor is a notification sent if a “Precedence:
bulk”, “Precedence: list”, “Precedence:
junk”, “X-Spam-Flag: yes” or “Auto-submitted:
(something other than no)” line is included in the mail headers. The
people who have sent you messages are maintained as a
db(3) database in the file
.vacation.db in your home directory.
vacation expects a file
.vacation.msg, in your home directory, containing a
message to be sent back to each sender. It should be an entire message
(including headers). For example, it might contain:
From: eric@CS.Berkeley.EDU (Eric Allman) Subject: I am on vacation Delivered-By-The-Graces-Of: The Vacation program Precedence: bulk I am on vacation until July 22. If you have something urgent, please contact Keith Bostic <bostic@CS.Berkeley.EDU>. --eric
Any occurrence of the string
.vacation.msg will be replaced by the subject of the
message that triggered the
vacation reads the incoming message from
standard input, checking the message headers for either the
UNIX “From” line or a
“Return-Path” header to determine the sender. If both are
present the sender from the “Return-Path” header is used.
Sendmail(8) includes this “From” line
Fatal errors, such as calling
with incorrect arguments, or with non-existent
logins, are logged on the
standard error output and in the system log file, using
vacation utility exits 0 on success,
and >0 if an error occurs.
- database file
- message to send
vacation command appeared in
vacation was developed by Eric Allman and
the University of California, Berkeley in 1983.
This version is maintained by Marco d'Itri <email@example.com> and contains code taken from the three free BSD and some patches applied to a linux port.
|June 15, 2003||Linux|