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CHAGE(1) Commandes utilisateur CHAGE(1)


chage - Modifier les informations de validité d'un mot de passe


chage [options] LOGIN


The chage command changes the number of days between password changes and the date of the last password change. This information is used by the system to determine when a user must change their password.


The options which apply to the chage command are:

-d, --lastday LAST_DAY

Configurer le nombre du jour, à compter du 1er janvier 1970, où le mot de passe a été changé la dernière fois. La date peut aussi être exprimée dans le format AAAA-MM-JJ (ou le format utilisé plus communément dans votre région).

-E, --expiredate EXPIRE_DATE

Configurer la date, ou le nombre de jours à compter du 1er janvier 1970, à partir de laquelle le compte de l'utilisateur ne sera plus accessible. La date peut aussi être exprimée dans le format AAAA-MM-JJ (ou le format plus communément utilisé dans votre région). Un utilisateur dont le compte est bloqué doit contacter l'administrateur système pour pouvoir utiliser à nouveau le système.

Passing the number -1 as the EXPIRE_DATE will remove an account expiration date.

-h, --help

Afficher un message d'aide et quitter.

-i, --iso8601

When printing dates, use YYYY-MM-DD format.

-I, --inactive INACTIVE

Set the number of days of inactivity after a password has expired before the account is locked. The INACTIVE option is the number of days of inactivity. A user whose account is locked must contact the system administrator before being able to use the system again.

Passing the number -1 as the INACTIVE will remove an account's inactivity.

-l, --list

Afficher les informations sur l'âge des comptes.

-m, --mindays MIN_DAYS

Set the minimum number of days between password changes to MIN_DAYS. A value of zero for this field indicates that the user may change their password at any time.

-M, --maxdays MAX_DAYS

Set the maximum number of days during which a password is valid. When MAX_DAYS plus LAST_DAY is less than the current day, the user will be required to change their password before being able to use their account. This occurrence can be planned for in advance by use of the -W option, which provides the user with advance warning.

Passing the number -1 as MAX_DAYS will remove checking a password's validity.

-R, --root CHROOT_DIR

Apply changes in the CHROOT_DIR directory and use the configuration files from the CHROOT_DIR directory.

-W, --warndays WARN_DAYS

Set the number of days of warning before a password change is required. The WARN_DAYS option is the number of days prior to the password expiring that a user will be warned their password is about to expire.

If none of the options are selected, chage operates in an interactive fashion, prompting the user with the current values for all of the fields. Enter the new value to change the field, or leave the line blank to use the current value. The current value is displayed between a pair of [ ] marks.


The chage program requires a shadow password file to be available.

The chage command is restricted to the root user, except for the -l option, which may be used by an unprivileged user to determine when their password or account is due to expire.


The following configuration variables in /etc/login.defs change the behavior of this tool:



Informations sur les comptes des utilisateurs.


Informations sécurisées sur les comptes utilisateurs.


The chage command exits with the following values:




permission denied


invalid command syntax


can't find the shadow password file


passwd(5), shadow(5).

07/02/2020 shadow-utils 4.8.1