ieee1284_negotiate, ieee1284_terminate - IEEE 1284 negotiation
ieee1284_negotiate(struct parport *port,
ieee1284_terminate(struct parport *port);
These functions are for negotiating to and terminating from IEEE
1284 data transfer modes. The default mode is called compatibility mode, or
in other words normal printer protocol. It is a host-to-peripheral mode
only. There are special modes that allow peripheral-to-host transfer as
well, which may be negotiated to using ieee1284_negotiate. IEEE 1284
negotiation is a process by which the host requests a transfer mode and the
peripheral accepts or rejects it. An IEEE 1284-compliant device will require
a successful negotiation to a particular mode before it is used for data
transfer (but simpler devices may not if they only speak one transfer
To terminate the special mode and go back to compatilibity mode
These functions act on the parallel port associated with
port, which must be claimed.
With a device strictly complying to IEEE 1284 you will need to
call ieee1284_terminate in between any two calls to
ieee1284_negotiate for modes other than M1284_COMPAT.
•M1284_COMPAT: Compatibility mode. Normal
printer protocol. This is not a negotiated mode, but is the default mode in
absence of negotiation. ieee1284_negotiate(port, M1284_COMPAT) is
equivalent to ieee1284_terminate(port). This host-to-peripheral mode is
used for sending data to printers, and is historically the mode that has been
used for that before IEEE 1284.
•M1284_NIBBLE: Nibble mode. This
peripheral-to-host mode uses the status lines to read data from the peripheral
four bits at a time.
•M1284_BYTE: Byte mode. This
peripheral-to-host mode uses the data lines in reverse mode to read data from
the peripheral a byte at a time.
: ECP mode. On entry to ECP mode
it is a host-to-peripheral (i.e. forward) mode, but it may be set to reverse
mode using ieee1284_ecp_fwd_to_rev(3)
. It is common for PC hardware to
provide assistance with this mode by the use of a FIFO which the host (or, in
reverse mode, the peripheral) may fill, so that the hardware can do the
•M1284_EPP: EPP mode. In this
bi-directional mode the direction of data transfer is signalled at each
•M1284_FLAG_DEVICEID: Device ID retrieval.
This flag may be combined with a nibble, byte, or ECP mode to notify the
device that it should send its IEEE 1284 Device ID when asked for data.
•M1284_BECP: Bounded ECP is a modification
to ECP that makes it more robust at the point that the direction is changed.
(Unfortunately it is not yet implemented in the Linux kernel driver.)
•M1284_ECPRLE: ECP with run length
encoding. In this mode, consecutive data bytes of the same value may be
transferred in only a few cycles.
The negotiation was successful.
Negotiation is not available with this port type.
Negotiation was rejected by the peripheral.
Negotiation failed for some reason. Perhaps the device is
not IEEE 1284 compliant.
A system error occured during negotiation.
The port parameter is invalid (for instance,
perhaps the port is not claimed).
Tim Waugh <email@example.com>
Copyright © 2001-2003 Tim Waugh