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CGI::Application::Plugin::AnyTemplate::Base(3pm) User Contributed Perl Documentation CGI::Application::Plugin::AnyTemplate::Base(3pm)


CGI::Application::Plugin::AnyTemplate::Base - Base class for templates


This documentation is mainly for developers who want to write additional Template drivers. For how to use the system, see the docs for CGI::Application::Plugin::AnyTemplate


The "param" method gets and sets values within the template.

    my $template = $self->template->load;
    my @param_names = $template->param();
    my $value = $template->param('name');
    $template->param('name' => 'value');
        'name1' => 'value1',
        'name2' => 'value2'

It is designed to behave similarly to the "param" method in other modules like "CGI" and "HTML::Template".

Returns the template variables as a hash of names and values.

    my %params     = $template->get_param_hash;

In a scalar context, returns a reference to the hash used internally to contain the values:

    my $params_ref = $template->get_param_hash;
Clears the values stored in the template:

        'name1' => 'value1',
        'name1' => 'value2'
        'name_foo' => 'value_bar',
    # params are now:
        'name_foo' => 'value_bar',
Returns the template with all the values filled in.

    return $template->output();

You can also supply names and values to the template at this stage:

    return $template->output('name' => 'value', 'name2' => 'value2');

Before the template output is generated, the "template_pre_process" hook is called. Any callbacks that you register to this hook will be called before each template is processed. Register a "template_pre_process" callback as follows:


Pre-process callbacks will be passed a reference to the $template object, and can can modify the parameters passed into the template by using the "param" method:

    sub my_tmpl_pre_process {
        my ($self, $template) = @_;
        # Change the internal template parameters by reference
        my $params = $template->get_param_hash;
        foreach my $key (keys %$params) {
            $params{$key} = to_piglatin($params{$key});
        # Can also set values using the param method
        $template->param('foo', 'bar');

After the template output is generated, the "template_post_process" hook is called. You can register a "template_post_process" callback as follows:


Any callbacks that you register to this hook will be called after each template is processed, and will be passed both a reference to the template object and a reference to the output generated by the template. This allows you to modify the output of the template:

    sub my_tmpl_post_process {
        my ($self, $template, $output_ref) = @_;
        $$output_ref =~ s/foo/bar/;

When you call the "output" method, any components embedded in the template are run. See "EMBEDDED COMPONENTS", below.

If the template was loaded from a file, the "filename" method returns the template filename.
If the template was loaded from a string, the "string_ref" method returns a reference to the string.
Returns a reference to the underlying template driver, e.g. the "HTML::Template" object or the "Template::Toolkit" object.


The following documentation is of interest primarly for developers who wish to add support for a new type of Template system.


This method is called by the controller at "load" to create the driver-specific subclass of "CGI::Application::Plugin::AnyTemplate"

This is a virtual method and must be defined in the subclass.

The following parameters are passed to the driver and available as keys of the driver's $self object:

     'driver_config' => ...    # hashref of driver-specific config
     'native_config' => ...    # hashref of native template system
                               # specific config
     'include_paths' => ...    # listref of template include paths
     'filename'      => ...    # template filename
     'webapp'        => ...    # reference to the current
                               # CGI::Application $self
When it creates the driver object, "CGI::Application::Plugin::AnyTemplate" has to separate the "driver_config" from the "native_config".

"driver_config_params" should return a list of parameters that are specific to the driver_config and not the native template system config.

For instance, the user can specify

        HTMLTemplate => {
              embed_tag_name    => 'embed',
              global_vars       => 1,
              die_on_bad_params => 0,
              cache             => 1

The parameters "global_vars", "die_on_bad_params", and "cache" are all specific to HTML::Template. These are considered native parameters.

But "embed_tag_name" configures the "CGI::Application::Plugin::AnyTemplate::Driver::HTMLTemplate" subclass. This is considered a driver parameter.

Therefore 'embed_tag_name' should be included in the list of params returned by "driver_config_params".

Example "driver_config_params":

    sub driver_config_keys {
Should return a hash of default values for "driver_config_params".

For instance:

    sub default_driver_config {
            template_extension => '.foo',
            embed_tag_name     => 'embed',
This method must be overridden in a subclass. It has the responsibility of filling the template in "$self->filename" with the values in "$self->param" via the appropriate template system, and returning the output as either a string or a reference to a string.

It also must manage embedding nested components.


Michael Graham, "<>"


Please report any bugs or feature requests to "", or through the web interface at <>. I will be notified, and then you'll automatically be notified of progress on your bug as I make changes.


The source code repository for this module can be found at




Copyright 2005 Michael Graham, All Rights Reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

2020-10-26 perl v5.30.3