Scroll to navigation

Business::Tax::VAT::Validation(3pm) User Contributed Perl Documentation Business::Tax::VAT::Validation(3pm)


Business::Tax::VAT::Validation - Validate EU VAT numbers against VIES


  use Business::Tax::VAT::Validation;
  my $hvatn=Business::Tax::VAT::Validation->new();
  # Check number
  if ($hvatn->check($VAT, [$member_state])){
        print "OK\n";
  } else {
        print $hvatn->get_last_error;


This class provides an easy API to check European VAT numbers' syntax, and if they has been registered by the competent authorities.

It asks the EU database (VIES) for this, using its SOAP API. Basic checks that the supplied VAT number fit the expected format for the specified EU member state are performed first, to avoid unnecessarily sending queries to VIES for input that could never be valid.


    If your system is located behind a proxy :
    $hvatn=Business::Tax::VAT::Validation->new(-proxy => ['http', '']);
    Note : See LWP::UserAgent for proxy options.


If you want to test a VAT number format ouside this module, e.g. embedded as javascript in a web form.



    AT      =>  'U[0-9]{8}',
    SK        =>  '[0-9]{10}',


    $ok=$hvatn->check($vatNumber, [$countryCode]);

You may either provide the VAT number under its complete form (e.g. BE-123456789, BE123456789) or specify the VAT and MSC (vatNumber and countryCode) individually.

Valid MS values are :

 AT, BE, BG, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, EL, ES,
 FI, FR, GB, HU, IE, IT, LU, LT, LV, MT,
    $ok=$hvatn->local_check($VAT, [$member_state]);
    my $err = $hvatn->get_last_error_code();
    my $txt = $hvatn->get_last_error();

Possible errors are :

  • -1 The provided VAT number is valid.
  • 0 Unknown MS code : Internal checkup failed (Specified Member State does not exist)
  • 1 Invalid VAT number format : Internal checkup failed (bad syntax)
  • 2 This VAT number doesn't exist in EU database : distant checkup
  • 3 This VAT number contains errors : distant checkup
  • 17 Time out connecting to the database : Temporary error when the connection to the database times out
  • 18 Member Sevice Unavailable: The EU database is unable to reach the requested member's database.
  • 19 The EU database is too busy.
  • 20 Connexion to the VIES database failed.
  • 21 The VIES interface failed to parse a stream. This error occurs unpredictabely, so you should retry your validation request.
  • 257 Invalid response, please contact the author of this module. : This normally only happens if this software doesn't recognize any valid pattern into the response document: this generally means that the database interface has been modified, and you'll make the author happy by submitting the returned response !!!
  • 500 The VIES server encountered an internal server error. Error 500 : soap:Server TIMEOUT Error 500 : soap:Server MS_UNAVAILABLE

If error_code > 16, you should temporarily accept the provided number, and periodically perform new checks until response is OK or error < 17 If error_code > 256, you should temporarily accept the provided number, contact the author, and perform a new check when the software is updated.


LWP::UserAgent for the FAQs related to the VIES service.


If you find this module useful, or have any comments, suggestions or improvements, feel free to let me know.


Original author: Bernard Nauwelaerts <>

Maintainership since 2015: David Precious (BIGPRESH) <>


Many thanks to the following people, actively involved in the development of this software by submitting patches, bug reports, new members regexps, VIES interface changes,... (sorted by last intervention) :

  • Gregor Herrmann, Debian.
  • Graham Knop.
  • Bart Heupers, Netherlands.
  • Martin H. Sluka, noris network AG, Germany.
  • Simon Williams, UK2 Limited, United Kingdom & Benoît Galy, Greenacres, France & Raluca Boboia, Evozon, Romania
  • Dave O., POBox, U.S.A.
  • Kaloyan Iliev, Digital Systems, Bulgaria.
  • Tom Kirkpatrick, Virus Bulletin, United Kingdom.
  • Andy Wardley, individual, United Kingdom.
  • Robert Alloway, Service Centre, United Kingdom.
  • Torsten Mueller, Archesoft, Germany


GPL. Enjoy! See COPYING for further information on the GPL.


See to known the limitations of the EU validation service.

  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY;
  without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
2020-03-24 perl v5.30.0