FBB::A2x - Objects performing ascii-to-x (anything) conversions
Linking option: -lbobcat
FBB::A2x objects offer the C++ equivalent of the standard C++ string conversion functions like stol, stoul, stod etc. These standard C++ string functions are extremely useful and should probably be preferred over using the members of A2x objects, but A2x offers additional benefits in that it generalizes these functions to any type that can be extracted from a istream objects.
All constructors, members, and operators, mentioned in this man-page, are defined in the namespace FBB.
This constructor constructs an empty A2x object. No information can be converted from a thus constructed A2x object.
- A2x(char const *text):
This constructor stores text. If text represents a textual value of some type, the A2x object may be used to initialize or assign this value to a variable of that particular type. Extraction, however is also still possible.
- A2x(std::string const &str):
This constructor stores the text contained in str. If this text represents a textual value of some type, the A2x object may be used to initialize or assign this value to a variable of that particular type. Extraction is also still possible.
The copy and move constructors are available.
STATIC MEMBER FUNCTION¶
- bool lastFail():
This member returns true if the last conversion failed (i.e., the object’s fail() member returned true and returns false otherwise). This member allows checks on the success of the extraction/conversion using anonymous A2x objects. The member also returns true when no conversions have as yet been performed.
Note that this member returns the value of a thread_local static member: different threads cannot inspect other threads’ lastFail status.
All members of the istringstream class are available.
- Type to():
This member returns any type Type supporting extractions from i[string]streams. If the extraction fails, the A2x object’s good() member returns false, and the Type’s default value is returned. This operator was implemented as a template member function. There is also a type conversion operator available (see below), but the member function variant may be preferred over the conversion operator in situations where explicit disambiguation is required (e.g., in cases where a conversion has no obvious type solution such as direct insertions) An example is provided in the EXAMPLE section below.
- operator Type():
Conversion to any type Type supporting extractions from istreams. If the extraction fails, the A2x object’s good() member will return false, and the Type’s default value is returned. This operator was implemented as a member template.
- istream &operator>>(istream &, Type &):
Extraction to any type Type supporting extractions from istreams. If the extraction fails, the A2x object’s good() member returns false, and the Type’s default value is returned (this facility is implied by the fact that this class inherits from istringstream, but it’s probably useful to stress that the extraction operation is still available).
- A2x &operator=(char const *):
Stores new text in the A2x object, resets the status flags to ios::good. If a 0-pointer is passed, an empty string is stored.
- A2x &operator=(std::string const &):
Stores the text stored in the std::string argument in the A2x object, resets the status flags to ios::good.
The overloaded assignment operator is available
int x = A2x("12");
d = a2x;
a2x = "err";
d = a2x; // d now 0
a2x = " a";
char c = a2x; // c now ’a’
// explicit conversion to `double’
cout << A2x("12.4").to<double>() << endl;
bobcat/a2x - defines the class interface
BOBCAT PROJECT FILES¶
- https://fbb-git.gitlab.io/bobcat/: gitlab project page;
- bobcat_5.07.00-x.dsc: detached signature;
- bobcat_5.07.00-x.tar.gz: source archive;
- bobcat_5.07.00-x_i386.changes: change log;
- libbobcat1_5.07.00-x_*.deb: debian package containing the libraries;
- libbobcat1-dev_5.07.00-x_*.deb: debian package containing the libraries, headers and manual pages;
Bobcat is an acronym of `Brokken’s Own Base Classes And Templates’.
This is free software, distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL).
Frank B. Brokken (firstname.lastname@example.org).