|LIBARCHIVE(3)||Library Functions Manual||LIBARCHIVE(3)|
functions for reading and writing streaming
libarchive library provides a flexible
interface for reading and writing archives in various formats such as tar
libarchive also supports reading and
writing archives compressed using various compression filters such as gzip
and bzip2. The library is inherently stream-oriented; readers serially
iterate through the archive, writers serially add things to the archive. In
particular, note that there is currently no built-in support for random
access nor for in-place modification.
When reading an archive, the library automatically detects the format and the compression. The library currently has read support for:
- old-style tar archives,
- most variants of the POSIX “ustar” format,
- the POSIX “pax interchange” format,
- GNU-format tar archives,
- most common cpio archive formats,
- ISO9660 CD images (including RockRidge and Joliet extensions),
- Zip archives,
- ar archives (including GNU/SysV and BSD extensions),
- Microsoft CAB archives,
- LHA archives,
- mtree file tree descriptions,
- RAR archives,
- XAR archives.
When writing an archive, you can specify the compression to be used and the format to use. The library can write
- POSIX-standard “ustar” archives,
- POSIX “pax interchange format” archives,
- POSIX octet-oriented cpio archives,
- Zip archive,
- two different variants of shar archives,
- ISO9660 CD images,
- 7-Zip archives,
- ar archives,
- mtree file tree descriptions,
- XAR archives.
The rest of this manual page provides an overview of the library operation. More detailed information can be found in the individual manual pages for each API or utility function.
READING AN ARCHIVE¶
WRITING AN ARCHIVE¶
WRITING ENTRIES TO DISK¶
The archive_write_disk(3) API allows you to
write archive_entry(3) objects to disk using the same API
used by archive_write(3). The
archive_write_disk(3) API is used internally by
using it directly can provide greater control over how entries get written
to disk. This API also makes it possible to share code between
archive-to-archive copy and archive-to-disk extraction operations.
READING ENTRIES FROM DISK¶
The archive_read_disk(3) supports for populating archive_entry(3) objects from information in the filesystem. This includes the information accessible from the stat(2) system call as well as ACLs, extended attributes, and other metadata. The archive_read_disk(3) API also supports iterating over directory trees, which allows directories of files to be read using an API compatible with the archive_read(3) API.
Detailed descriptions of each function are provided by the corresponding manual pages.
All of the functions utilize an opaque struct archive datatype that provides access to the archive contents.
The struct archive_entry structure contains a complete description of a single archive entry. It uses an opaque interface that is fully documented in archive_entry(3).
Users familiar with historic formats should be aware that the newer variants have eliminated most restrictions on the length of textual fields. Clients should not assume that filenames, link names, user names, or group names are limited in length. In particular, pax interchange format can easily accommodate pathnames in arbitrary character sets that exceed PATH_MAX.
Most functions return
ARCHIVE_OK (zero) on
success, non-zero on error. The return value indicates the general severity
of the error, ranging from
indicates a minor problem that should probably be reported to the user, to
ARCHIVE_FATAL, which indicates a serious problem
that will prevent any further operations on this archive. On error, the
archive_errno() function can be used to retrieve a
numeric error code (see errno(2)). The
archive_error_string() returns a textual error
message suitable for display.
archive_write_new() return pointers to an allocated
and initialized struct archive object.
archive_write_data() return a count of the number of
bytes actually read or written. A value of zero indicates the end of the
data for this entry. A negative value indicates an error, in which case the
archive_error_string() functions can be used to
obtain more information.
There are character set conversions within the archive_entry(3) functions that are impacted by the currently-selected locale.
libarchive library first appeared in
libarchive library was originally
written by Tim Kientzle
Some archive formats support information that is not supported by struct archive_entry. Such information cannot be fully archived or restored using this library. This includes, for example, comments, character sets, or the arbitrary key/value pairs that can appear in pax interchange format archives.
Conversely, of course, not all of the information that can be stored in an struct archive_entry is supported by all formats. For example, cpio formats do not support nanosecond timestamps; old tar formats do not support large device numbers.
The ISO9660 reader cannot yet read all ISO9660 images; it should learn how to seek.
The AR writer requires the client program to use two passes, unlike all other libarchive writers.
|March 18, 2012||Debian|